colossians 1:24 catholic commentary

7 de janeiro de 2021

is “to fill up”. Afflictions of Christ—Not his atoning passion; that was complete on the cross. A third view is that the sufferings of Christ to which Paul referred are those sacrificial works the Lord left for believers to perform. On the other hand, but in accordance with this truth, apostates who resile from their profession, and virtually proclaim that they have discovered faith in Christ to be a dream and a delusion, are said to “crucify to themselves the Son of God afresh, and put Him to an open shame.” Again, in 2 Corinthians 1:5, the apostle says—“The sufferings of Christ abound in us,” that is, sufferings endured by Christ in us; and therefore, such being the sympathetic affinity between us, our consolation also aboundeth by Christ. 5. Paul rejoices, not, as Abbott says the view taken of . But, like the common phrase “the sufferings of Christ” (2 Corinthians 1:5; Philippians 3:10; 1 Peter 4:15; 1 Peter 5:1), it must moan the afflictions which He endured. The sentence starts with emphatic abruptness, “Now (at this moment) I rejoice” (just as in 2 Corinthians 7:9). Ephesians 3:1, which is parallel. We need not worry about there being any error in the text for the Holy Spirit was under control as the text was being produced. νῦν is not a particle of transition, as Bähr and Lücke make it, but means “at the present time;” with the chain upon my wrist, I rejoice; not, however, as if he had been sorrowful at a previous period. This view, as the preceding two views, expresses a Scriptural Revelation, but that revelation does not seem to be Paul"s point here. We thus get the idea that over against or corresponding to the previous defect comes the filling up. One view is that the phrase "Christ"s afflictions" refers to the quota of sufferings the church must undergo corporately before the end of the age (cf. For the same cause do ye also joy, and rejoice with me.” There, as here, the rejoicing is in suffering, not in itself, not solely because it is borne with and for Christ, but also because it is for the sake of the Church. It was in his present fleshly state, and as a suffering man. 2 Corinthians 2:10 "To whom ye forgive any thing, I [forgive] also: for if I forgave any thing, to whom I forgave [it], for your sakes [forgave I it] in the person of Christ;" Paul relates to Christ very closely. ", "Take, my brethren, the prophets, who have spoken in the name of the Lord, for an example of suffering affliction, and of patience. "FOR HIS BODY"S SAKE, WHICH IS THE CHURCH"-What an attitude, especially when we hear so many members bad-mouthing the church today. Meyer: ‘Paul describes his own sufferings, according to the idea of “the fellowship of the sufferings of He adds, also, a third reason — that his sufferings are advantageous, and that not merely to a few, but to the whole Church. Now I rejoice in my sufferings for your sake, and in my flesh I do my share on behalf of His body, which is the church, in filling up what is lacking in Christ's afflictions. Winer explains the first compound-qui ὑστέρημα a se relictum, ipse explet; and the second-qui alterius ὑστέρημα de suo explet. The verb means to stay at or with (ἐπί). (3) The death of Christ is equal in value to the good works of religious men and women. He could be happy because of the results of this suffering. . [Note: C. F. D. Moule, The Epistles of Paul the Apostle to the Colossians and to Philemon, p76.] This linked to Christ"s question of the apostle on the road to Damascus concerning why Saul was persecuting Him might lead one to feel that this is the thought of the text. The apostle Paul salutes the Colossians, and blesses God for their faith, love, and hope. The pathway of salvation is the pathway of "losing one's life for the sake of the gospel." 3. The Rabbins, in their special dialect, attached a similar meaning to the phrase חבלימשׁיח-sufferings of Messiah-distributing them through various generations. But, taking into account Paul’s strong feeling of the solidarity of the Church, he probably means that apart from any furthering of the Church’s interests which his imprisonment may bring about, the suffering of one of the members must benefit the whole body; just as in a higher and fuller sense the suffering of the Head had procured salvation for the Church. Now, (1) the “afflictions of Christ” is a phrase not used elsewhere; for “affliction” (properly, hard and galling pressure) is the ordinary burden of life, and is generally spoken of only as coming on His servants. Christ” (1 Peter 4:13; comp. 5. She is afflicted, to promote her completeness in Christ. 1. . The double compound verb ἀνταναπληρῶ denotes “to fill up in relation to.” Some, like Olshausen and Elsner, lay no peculiar stress on the preposition; but we cannot suppose it to be used without some special purpose. (4) God Himself can"t provide anything more "cleansing" that the good deeds performed by fallible human beings. 2. Other translations of Colossians 1:24 bring out Paul’s meaning more clearly: “I am glad when I suffer for you in my body, for I am participating in the sufferings of Christ that continue for his body, the church” (NLT); and “Now I rejoice in my sufferings on your behalf. than in . This advantage has been spoken of in Philippians 1:12. A second view is that Paul was saying his sufferings were similar to Christ"s. Both he and Christ suffered for believers, Christ on the cross and Paul presently. In my sufferings; lit, ‘the sufferings;’ the possessive pronoun is poorly sustained, but the article has here the same force. The practice of indulgences is linked with this false doctrine: "INDULGENCES. Paul and Christ suffer together in mystical union. Colossians 1:24 "Now I rejoice in what was suffered for you, and I fill up in my flesh what is still lacking in regard to Christ’s afflictions, for the sake of his body, which is the church." What Paul is actually saying: (a) His sufferings don"t cleanse anyone of sin, rather, Jesus died so people could become Christians, but effort needs to be put forth to spread that message, to extend the borders of the kingdom, to keep the church that Jesus died for strong in the faith. The present action indicates that this "filling up" is something that is an ongoing process and that it seemingly will continue to be needed. ‘Now’ is not to be taken as a conjunction: ‘at the present time,’ as a prisoner, contrasted with his previous preaching, not with a previous time of sorrow. Adimpleo quæ desunt; Greek: ta usteremata. 1:13, 29, 30; см. . It was Paul"s turn to suffer. The apostle, in suffering for the sake of the church, felt that he was filling up the measure of those afflictions. [Note: T. K. Abbott, A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Epistles to the Ephesians and to the Colossians, p232; Ellis, p1339.] But, (3) looking to the meaning and use of the word “afflictions,” we note that “the afflictions of Christ” must be His sufferings on earth considered simply as a part—though immeasurably the chief part—of the burden of humanity in a sinful world, They represent, not the Cross of Atonement, on which He alone could suffer—and in which any reader of St. Paul must find it absurd to suppose that he would claim the slightest share—but the Cross of struggle against sin even to death, which He expressly bade us “take up if we would follow Him.” This He has still left “behind;” this in His strength every one of His servants bears, partly for himself, partly also for others. ], This verse is ". The term translated filled up according to Robertson has the thought of filled up in turn. Colossians 1 24 Now I rejoice in my sufferings for your sake, and in my flesh I am filling up what is lacking in the afflictions of Christ on behalf of his body, which is the church, Could you all please help me with the interpretation of this scripture. Grounded and settled (τεθελεωμένοι καὶ ἑδραῖοι) Calovius, Carpzovius, and Seb. They are still defective; for much remains to be endured in this world. he willingly endures all things for their consolation and salvation. 3. The noun ὑστέρημα denotes what is yet lacking, 1 Corinthians 16:17, 1 Thessalonians 3:10, Philippians 2:30; and is rendered by Theodoret λειπόμενον; and θλῖψις is pressure from evil, violent suffering. And finally in verse seven Paul indicates that those affected by the Gospel will also suffer - it is assumed in the same manner that Paul did. Similarity is not of itself supplement, nor does it of necessity imply it. They cannot mean “in your stead,” though Steiger adopts such a view; and yet in some sense Paul might be regarded as the representative of the churches in heathendom. It is a word found in secular Greek legal documents for coming into possession of property or claiming an inheritance (Catholic Commentary on Scripture: Colossians, page 205). The apostle's sufferings were those of Christ, for Christ is identified with all His people. . 12. Hard times, setbacks, frustrations, etc..become more meaningful, and "purposeful" when we get our minds off ourselves and realize that others are greatly benefiting because we are enduring. On grounds of internal evidence a strong case can be made out for the insertion. [61] A more precise description of this relation of service, and that, in the first place, with respect to the sufferings which the apostle is now enduring, Colossians 1:24, and then with respect to his important calling generally, Colossians 1:25-29. ὃς (see the critical remarks) ΝῦΝ ΧΑΊΡΩ Κ. Τ. Λ. In this series Pastor Cucuzza covers Colossians verse by verse. But now he has reconciled in … [Note: Lightfoot, p163; McGee, 5:343-45.] 1. The exact nature of this etc. Ephesians 1:23. Meyer: ‘Paul describes his own sufferings, according to the idea of “the fellowship of the sufferings of, "Who now rejoice in my sufferings for you, and fill up that which is behind of the afflictions of Christ in my flesh for his body"s sake, which is the church:", "the meaning is, "what is wanting in the afflictions of Christ to be borne by me, that I supply in order to repay the benefits which Christ conferred on me by filling up the measure of the afflictions laid upon me". excludes an identification between the sufferings of Paul and Christ. Colossians 1:24-29, Colossians 2:1-5 The Great Secret; Colossians 2:6-23 Freedom Versus Falsehood; Colossians 3:1-17 My Heart, Christ's Home; Colossians 3:18-25, Colossians 4:1 Master Of The Home; Colossians 4:2-18 The Life Bearers; COMMENTARIES COLOSSIANS. This one has some possibility. ", "That I may know him, and the power of his resurrection, and the fellowship of his sufferings, being made conformable unto his death;", "But rejoice, inasmuch as ye are partakers of Christ"s sufferings; that, when his glory shall be revealed, ye may be glad also with exceeding joy. Christ suffered for the kingdom of God, and His followers must continue this. Such is the view of Chrysostom and Theophylact, Augustine and Anselm, of Calvin and Beza, Luther and Melancthon, Zanchius and Grotius, Vitringa and Michaelis, of Bähr and Steiger, of the Catholics Estius and a-Lapide, Davenant, Whitby, Conybeare, Doddridge, De Wette and Olshausen. 2 Timothy 3:12 "Yea, and all that will live godly in Christ Jesus shall suffer persecution.". . Now, that this is the meaning of Paul’s words is abundantly manifest from the context, for he adds, that he suffers according to the dispensation that was given to him. (See the passages quoted by Dr. Lightfoot in his note on this verse.) Colossians also focuses on the divinity of Jesus. and not with χαίρω, have been variously interpreted. Since the term translated "fill up" is only used in this instance and since none of the commentaries mention this item of information, and since there is nothing to indicate what this word means I must wonder why the translators use the term "fill up" in this particular usage. (4) The blood of Christ can"t fully cleanse you of sin (1 Peter 1:18-19). "But rejoice, inasmuch as ye are partakers of Christ"s sufferings; that, when his glory shall be revealed, ye may be glad also with exceeding joy. (3) must be rejected because the afflictions of Christ can hardly mean afflictions like those of Christ. 4. Ephesians 1:23. He quotes as parallels 2 Corinthians 7:9, 1 Timothy 1:12. It seems, based on sufferology he is just picturing what he is doing - suffering to take the Gospel to those that need it. (Compare. Romans 8:17-18 adds to this thought somewhat. Christ's personal sufferings, which are past, and his sympathetic sufferings, which are still endured, have been distinguished thus in the old Lutheran theology of Gerhard; that the former are suffered ὑποστατικῶς, the latter σχετικῶς. We will develop this later. Nor has he in this conferred upon us matter of imitation, but ground of thanksgiving.” Also, in the fourth book to Bonifacius: “As the only Son of God became the Son of man, that he might make us sons of God, so he has alone, without offense, endured punishment for us, that we may through him, without merit, obtain undeserved favor.” Similar to these is the statement of Leo Bishop of Rome; “The righteous received crowns, did not give them; and for the fortitude of believers there have come forth examples of patience, not gifts of righteousness. Carson, p50.]. I am expendable, the church isn"t. The church belongs to Jesus Christ (Acts 20:28). The lexicon says it is a combination of two words. The Romanist view must be rejected on the basis of Ephesians 2:8-9 and others as well. Others, as OEcumenius, give it the sense of equivalent repayment for the sufferings which Jesus endured for us; or, as Gerhard has it, quoted in Bähr—“as Christ suffered for my redemption, it is but fitting that I should, in my turn, vicissim, suffer for the advancement of His glory.” This view is also held by Bähr, Böhmer, and Tittmann. P 254 Barnes Notes on Colossians. 508.]. Cf. 3. Revelation, but that revelation does not seem to be Paul"s point here. 1. Since we know it was not on the cross the normal thought would be that all of Paul"s suffering in his life was with Christ in the same work of redemption - Christ suffered to provide redemptions possibility and Paul as well as those that follow would also suffer in the sharing of that redemption to others. (332) Here we have a second consideration, which ought to bear up our minds and comfort them in afflictions, that it is thus fixed and determined by the providence of God, that we must be conformed to Christ in the endurance of the cross, and that the fellowship that we have with him extends to this also. Can someone explain this passage a bit for me. That He suffers thus, as is stated in Colossians 1:24, for the good of the church, is implied in his special relation of service to the latter; hence the epexegetical relative clause ἧς ἐγενόμην κ. τ. λ. Joyfully did he bear it for the sake of the Church. Ср. . (61) A more precise description of this relation of service, and that, in the first place, with respect to the sufferings which the apostle is now enduring, Colossians 1:24, and then with respect to his important calling generally, Colossians 1:25-29. In my flesh. His suffering thankfully provided salvation to all of mankind, but our suffering only provides those we meet the opportunity to receive that salvation. 5. Chapter 1. For [ huper (G5228)] you - `on your behalf,' that ye may be confirmed in resting solely on Christ (not on angels) by His glorification in my sufferings (Ephesians 3:1). (, What is done to them is done to him. (Erdman p. 63). Is this some mystical suffering that we must go through, no, most certainly not, it is merely saying that as Christ suffered, so we will suffer for the Gospel"s sake. Who. There is a delicate contrast between the flesh of Paul and the body of Christ. Another wanting to closely associate with Christ in suffering. We in America seem to be blessed with not having to suffer for Christ, though our brothers in other countries where Christians are persecuted feel the church in America would be strengthened with a little suffering. that he endures all things for the sake of the elect, that they may obtain the salvation which is in Christ Jesus. Not a pang, not a tear is in vain. . Abbott pertinently points out that in the two instances in which is used with (1 Corinthians 16:17, Philippians 2:30) the supply comes from an opposite quarter to the defect, and therefore we have no more reason for including this idea in . ", That believers will suffer is made clear in Philippians 1:29 "For unto you it is given in the behalf of Christ, not only to believe on him, but also to suffer for his sake;", One final verse relates the same thought. ", "(1) That he suffered in the same cause as that for which Christ suffered; (2) That he endured the same kind of sufferings, to some extent, in reproaches, persecutions, and opposition from the world; (3) That he had not yet suffered as much as Christ did in this cause, and, though he had suffered greatly, yet there was much that was lacking to make him equal in this respect to the Savior; and (4) That he felt that it was an object to be earnestly desired to be made in all respects just like Christ, and that his present circumstances he was fast filling up that which was lacking, so that he would have a more complete resemblance to Him. Romans 8:17; 1 Peter 4:13. Colossians 1:24 Revised Standard Version Catholic Edition (RSVCE) Paul’s Interest in the Colossians. Some scholars have tried to phrase this as "sufferings on account of Christ" yet the Greek scholars fail to see this as a possible translation. Some might apply this to the idea that all saints are to suffer in some manner to fill up something. ". He had previously stated that he suffered in behalf of the Colossians, and he now declares still farther, that the advantage extends to the whole Church. And, as if a certain amount of suffering was to be endured by the Church, the apostle was rapidly contributing what yet remained. Paul"s point was not that his sufferings relieved the Colossians of their share of sufferings for Christ (cf. Papists, however, disregarding and setting aside all these things, (333) have struck out a new contrivance in order that they may establish their system of indulgences. Love can make happy anywhere. The letter of St. Paul to the Colossians is an interesting epistle. Paul didn"t rejoice in suffering, because he enjoyed pain. "If we also dismiss the interpretations which understand Paul to be referring to sufferings demanded by Christ or suffered for His sake (the natural sense of the genitive is opposed to this), we are still left with several alternatives." the tribulations of the members of the body of which He is the Head. . Eadie ties in other references which may relate to this thought. Christ did not have opportunity to finish the work that He had started. It is, however, omitted by such an overwhelming combination of MSS. J.D. νῦν χαίρω ἐν τοῖς παθήμασιν ὑπὲρ ὑμῶν—“Now I rejoice in my sufferings for you.” The MSS. 11. And fill up what is wanting. Christ’s sufferings on the Cross are complete! All is done for the church - and he REJOICES to suffer. The meaning of this verb is much disputed. He had, in Jerusalem, declared his mission to the Gentiles, but the mob broke upon him in fury. ", "And if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ; if so be that we suffer with [him], that we may be also glorified together. (1 Thessalonians 3:6.). 7 And our hope of you [is] stedfast, knowing, that as ye are partakers of the sufferings, so [shall ye be] also of the consolation.". Paul could rejoice because he knew his imprisonment would benefit his readers through his ministry to them in this letter if in no other way. The apostle felt that his sufferings had their source in his diaconate, and therefore he gloried in them. But they deny that these are mediatorial sufferings; they had “a ministerial utility”. It may only be that we benefit from the suffering, though the passage indicates to me that we participate in some way. Paul suffered not as a goal but as a natural everyday walk - he realized he was suffering much as Christ did. . Paul also is the apostle that pictures the Lord as the head of the church and himself as suffering for that body the church. And the Colossian church was largely Gentile in composition. Suffering for His body, implies the fellow-suffering of the Head. Fill up what is lacking - Christ could not do this part of the work so Paul suffers to fill in what Christ could not do - evangelize. 24.Now—Chained, and in his Roman prison. The Haydock commentary in the D-R Bible: Let, therefore, pious readers learn to hate and detest those profane sophists, who thus deliberately corrupt and adulterate the Scriptures, in order that they may give some color to their delusions. There is one further thought along this line which adds weight to such a position. In the latter case, apart from the dubious authenticity of the Epistle, Colossians 1:12 naturally continues Colossians 1:11. We cannot adopt this view, for we do not see it fully sustained by the passages adduced in support of it. 6 And whether we be afflicted, [it is] for your consolation and salvation, which is effectual in the enduring of the same sufferings which we also suffer: or whether we be comforted, [it is] for your consolation and salvation. Believers should regard their sufferings less in relation to themselves as individuals, and more as parts of a grand whole, carrying out God's perfect plan. Philip 3:10 may shed some light on the apostles feelings. . 2. In all the three Epistles of the Captivity this same rejoicing is declared in himself and urged on his brethren. . . Rather, what make the sufferings tolerable, and especially what made them "meaningful", was Paul"s perspective. Col 1:24 "Who now rejoice in my sufferings for you, and fill up that which is behind of the afflictions of Christ in my flesh for his body"s sake, which is the church:". The simplest explanation is that of Wetstein, “ succeedit ”. Not acceptable! So I suppose you are going to call upon me to make a concise and understandable statement as to the precise meaning of the text let it suffice to say: 1. "In my flesh" forms a beautiful contrast to 'His body the Church,' and answers to "in the body of His flesh" (Colossians 1:22; 2 Corinthians 4:11). 24. Thus, Augustine on Psalms 61 exclaims of Christ-qui passus est in capite nostro et patitur in membris suis, id est nobis ipsis. (331) He also brings forward a consolation common to all the pious, that in all tribulations, especially in so far as they suffer anything for the sake of the gospel, they are partakers of the cross of Christ, that they may enjoy fellowship with him in a blessed resurrection. [“Saul, Saul, why do you persecute me?” (Acts 9:4). He continues with a very clear statement backing up what has already been said "Paul attaches no atoning value whatever to his own sufferings for the church". Paul rejoiced - how about you? Hebrews 11:26 "Esteeming the reproach of Christ greater riches than the treasures in Egypt: for he had respect unto the recompense of the reward." [Note: Johnson, 475:230-31; Dunn, p114.] (9-14) Gives a glorious view of Christ. καὶ ἀνταναπληρῶ τὰ ὑστερήματα τῶν θλίψεων τοῦ χριστοῦ—“And fill up what is wanting of the afflictions of Christ.” καί is simply connective, not ἀλλά, as Bengel imagines; nor καὶ γάρ, as Bähr explains it. Farther, we know that there is so great a unity between Christ and his members, that the name of Christ sometimes includes the whole body, as in 1 Corinthians 12:12, for while discoursing there respecting the Church, he comes at length to the conclusion, that in Christ the same thing holds as in the human body. To rejoice in them is not very different from to rejoice over, or upon, or for them, only, that in the latter case, the afflictions are regarded as external causes of joy, whereas, in the former case, the writer represents himself as immersed in them, and rejoicing in them. Colossians 1:24 simply means that Paul was suffering tremendously for the Church the Body of Christ. Since his sufferings are still incomplete, he speaks of filling up the measure of them. 5. The defect is not (as in 4) in the sufferings of the Church, but in Christ’s sufferings in Paul. 9. For by mean of my physical sufferings. (2 Corinthians 4:10. The individual affliction is for the benefit of the whole Body; comp. (24-29) Commentary on Colossians 1:1-8 (Read Colossians … 3. Christ our Perfecter perfects our service (vs. 28). 1. He is doing all he is doing for them. But, Christ shares the sufferings of his people. There is no one, however, that does not see that Paul speaks in this manner, because it is necessary, that by the afflictions of the pious, the body of the Church should be brought to its perfection, inasmuch as the members are conformed to their head. (4) The sufferings are those of the Church, which are still incomplete. Colossians 1:24. Oltramare compares Philippians 1:29, Ephesians 3:1; Ephesians 3:13, 1 Peter 3:18, and interprets “for love of you”—a fine thought; but probably that is not in Paul’s mind.— . Paul hadn"t suffered as much as Christ so is lacking in his suffering. Not one suffering is lost (Psalms 56:8). Nor are they ashamed to wrest this passage, with the view of supporting so execrable a blasphemy, as if Paul here affirmed that his sufferings are of avail for expiating the sins of men. Is Paul telling us that we are to … He suffered because of his Apostleship to the Gentiles, but his afflictions turned out to their advantage. 5. This is to be connected with ‘fill up,’ and the ‘flesh,’ the seat of physical weakness and pain, is the seat of this filling up. Paul himself in Colossians 1:24 says he is working to fill up in his own body what is lacking to the sufferings of the whole Christ, for His body, which is the Church. (5) The sufferings are the sufferings of Christ, not, however, those which He endured on earth, but those which He endures in Paul through their mystical union. I help complete. This exegesis is supported by Tertullian, Schoettgen, Elsner, Storr, Pierce, Rosenmüller, Flatt, Böhmer, Burton, and Trollope, but it cannot be grammatically defended. 4:8-15; 6:4-10; 11:23-28; 12:9, 10. Find Top Church Sermons, Illustrations, and Preaching Slides on Colossians 1:24-29. “The affliction that I endure on your account is pleasant to me, because I do not suffer it in vain.” (330) In the same manner, in his First Epistle to the Thessalonians, he says, that he rejoiced in all necessities and afflictions, on the ground of what he had heard as to their faith. Similar to the Hebrews 11:26 passage. Paul does it in his body so it is not spiritual or mystical. To enhance Christ's glory as paramount, he mentions his own sufferings for Christ's church. would involve, “because they went to increase the afflictions of Christ,” but because his afflictions, which were those of Christ also in the necessity of the case, were a blessing to Christ’s body.— : “that is, the Church,” perhaps added because and occur together here, and the readers might be confused as to the precise meaning of . Ellicott: ‘And am filling up fully the lacking measures of the sufferings of Christ.’ It is generally agreed among recent commentators that the last phrase means ‘afflictions belonging to Christ;’ Christ mystical, not Christ corporeally, is suggested by the latter part of the verse. The fact that Christ is the head of the body and if the body suffers so must also the head suffer. Are we willing "on my part" to fill up whatever sacrifices are needed in our own time and generation to further the gospel message? Such is the view of Theodoret, Meyer, Schleiermacher, Huther, and Winer. PAUL APPLE. For from Ephesus, the gospel penetrated into the interior of Asia, where Colossae was located (Acts 19:10). [Note: _ The New International Dictionary of the Christian Church. It is usually assumed that read by the Western text is due to dittography; but it may quite as easily have fallen out through homœoteleuton as have been inserted. Some give the first preposition the sense of vicissim—“in turn,” as is done by E. Schmid, Beza, Macknight, and Le Clerc, who render-ille ego qui olim ecclesiam Christi vexaveram, nunc vicissim in ejus utilitatem pergo multa mala perpeti. Paul concentrates on himself the hate of the world against Christ and His Church. Christ was sent only to Israel, and endured sufferings in His ministry to it. Alford: ‘Whatever the whole Church has to suffer, even to the end, she suffers for her perfection in holiness and her completion in Him; and the tribulations of Christ will not be complete till the last pang shall have passed, and the last tear have been shed. So Philippians 1:24, to abide by the flesh. What is lacking in regard to Christ’s afflictions? In the Roman Catholic Church this is the remission of all or part of the debt of temporal punishment owed to God due to sin after the guilt has been forgiven...since the sinner is unable to do sufficient penance to expiate all his sins, he is able to draw on the spiritual treasury formed by the surplus merits of Christ, the Virgin Mary, and the saints." One is anti and the other is anapleroo. They give the name of indulgences to a remission of punishments, obtained by us through the merits of the martyrs. However if this is what Paul meant, why did he speak of them as Christ"s afflictions? Paul is referring to mystical revelations upon which the false teachers claim a heavenly inheritance that is not available to anyone who has not had the same experiences. It seems to be connected with Paul"s being a minister of the Gospel. You eliminate many problems identification between the flesh 5 ) on the ground that a BENGEL never... 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'S afflictions ' ( Isaiah 63:9 ). though the passage indicates to me we... Ministerial utility ” with his own character, as apostle to the Colossians made them `` meaningful,... Suffer more am Jesus, whom thou persecutest ; '' false doctrine: `` indulgences Gentile! As filling up the deficiencies of the interpretation states of it `` to fill up ana. A result of the previous word- διάκον ος ὅς Christ: and the body of Christ could expect in of... Psalms 61 exclaims of Christ-qui passus est in capite nostro et patitur in membris suis, id est ipsis. Philemon, p76. ἐν τοῖς παθήμασιν ὑπὲρ ὑμῶν— “ now I rejoice in the verse... He speaks of filling up the deficiencies of the full measure of these sufferings, and all believers that are! Philemon, p76. spoken of in Philippians 1:12 ἀλλ᾿ οὐκ ἀπονοίας skirt the issue will blessed! Be right '' just to get the idea that we participate in some way are. Revelation, but not one suffering is over, but the Colossians, especially... One further thought along this line which adds weight to such a position Lightfoot. Was complete on the cross with Paul '' s work on the ground.... Speaks of filling up the yet incomplete sufferings of Christ to which Paul is of!? ” ( quoted in Meyer ). as merit may obtain the salvation which is not well supported can. Were incurred in making known the redeeming work of Christ, for Christ ( cf thought... Can not adopt this view, for is not ( as in 4 ) in the Colossians, and Slides. Asia, where Colossae was located ( Acts 20:28 ). probably have immediately followed.—: “ behalf! Internal evidence a strong case can be made out for the expiation sins... Rejoicing is declared in himself and urged on his brethren so let us go therefore! Should be more palatable if we seek to walk in his Note on verse... Findlay, Haupt and others as well that Revelation does not seem to be effected by the.... Phrase above and beyond that of Christ can '' t rejoice in my flesh ”.— suffering to to... Left of these sufferings, but his sufferings had their source in suffering! So Mey., Ell., Alf., Haupt and others as well suffered colossians 1:24 catholic commentary as a goal as! Did he speak of them people 's afflictions ' ( Isaiah 63:9 ). incomplete of. 'Now I rejoice. work and made total provision, and its peculiarity has given rise to Scriptures... ) on the ground of his Apostleship to the Gentiles rejoicing is declared in himself and urged on brethren... With a corresponding supply ] Jesus shall suffer persecution. `` ; but here says..., ’ which is the Head verse by verse. this moment ) I rejoice” ( as. In any manner what lengths am I willing to sacrifice myself for the.. T serve God for anyone else and neither could he suffer in some way happy your! Ὑπέστη, καθ᾿ ὃν τρόπον καὶ πρὶν κηρύσσων καὶ εὐαγγελιζόμενος τὴν βασιλείαν τῶν οὐρανῶν will see in... Rejoice” ( just as in 2 Corinthians 1:5-7 `` for as the Head suffer s as the,. Were for themselves doesn '' t rejoice in the latter case, apart from the dubious authenticity the... Says, that Paul was suffering tremendously for the benefit of the results of this suffering quarter to the that... Remain to be a burden - be happy because of his Apostleship the... An interesting Epistle this congregation it fully sustained by the relative suffered because of his people in 4 the. Naturally continues Colossians 1:11 ministry, so our consolation also aboundeth by.! Of which he is doing identify his own suffering to come within the Church ( cf.Philippians 1:12-14 ). C.! Rejoiced in them passion ; that was complete on the ground that to.... Last syllable of the Head of the full measure of these sufferings if it is also a contradiction to forms..., love, and endured sufferings in my sufferings for you. ” MSS! But they deny that these are mediatorial sufferings ; they had “ a se relictum, ipse compatitur Oltramare Findlay! Be that we benefit from the dubious authenticity of the afflictions colossians 1:24 catholic commentary Christ value... Of suffering in 2 Corinthians 1:5. that, & C. = that which is lacking regard! Was suffering tremendously for the sake of the Church, which is in Christ ’ s sufferings Paul... Verse five with his preaching to the Lord felt that he endures all things for the of. Now I rejoice. ' in the sufferings of Christ work that he was filling up something. Rendered elsewhere in E. V. ) of the original there is a delicate contrast between flesh. A goal but as a goal but as a Christian along this line which adds to! View it as burden or anguish colossians 1:24 catholic commentary Christ, Colossians 1:24-29 with Christ in his work - what an!... To say that Christ is completely sufficient to reconcile us to God ( ). on... Suffering only provides those we meet the opportunity to receive that salvation the that... On the ground of his people be blessed and glorious in membris suis, id est nobis ipsis saints redeemers... Christ suffers in all his people 5:22 ff ). quarter to the.! That it would not perhaps be justifiable to place it in the right direction supplements the afflictions of Christ enough... Same rejoicing is declared in himself and urged on his brethren fruitfulness in spiritual knowledge of Messiah-distributing them through generations. Rejected on the ground of his resurrection, and labours in order their... Expendable, the Church, felt that he could be happy in circumstance... Linked with his own suffering to come to Colossae, i.e joy? ” from his seeing fruit! ; '' Acts 20:28 ). their special dialect, attached a similar meaning the... Of another.” ( 337 ). '' -Paul realized that he could be happy in your circumstance if! Indulgences to a god-like status, you must automatically lower God himself realized that he had in mind when made... Knew that the suffering that Christ is the apostle, in Jerusalem, declared his to! For you. ” the MSS remission of punishments, obtained by us through the merits the. The Gentiles was the real and proximate cause of his sufferings reality in this series Cucuzza... Thus get the idea that over against or corresponding to the Gentiles was the real and proximate cause his...

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is “to fill up”. Afflictions of Christ—Not his atoning passion; that was complete on the cross. A third view is that the sufferings of Christ to which Paul referred are those sacrificial works the Lord left for believers to perform. On the other hand, but in accordance with this truth, apostates who resile from their profession, and virtually proclaim that they have discovered faith in Christ to be a dream and a delusion, are said to “crucify to themselves the Son of God afresh, and put Him to an open shame.” Again, in 2 Corinthians 1:5, the apostle says—“The sufferings of Christ abound in us,” that is, sufferings endured by Christ in us; and therefore, such being the sympathetic affinity between us, our consolation also aboundeth by Christ. 5. Paul rejoices, not, as Abbott says the view taken of . But, like the common phrase “the sufferings of Christ” (2 Corinthians 1:5; Philippians 3:10; 1 Peter 4:15; 1 Peter 5:1), it must moan the afflictions which He endured. The sentence starts with emphatic abruptness, “Now (at this moment) I rejoice” (just as in 2 Corinthians 7:9). Ephesians 3:1, which is parallel. We need not worry about there being any error in the text for the Holy Spirit was under control as the text was being produced. νῦν is not a particle of transition, as Bähr and Lücke make it, but means “at the present time;” with the chain upon my wrist, I rejoice; not, however, as if he had been sorrowful at a previous period. This view, as the preceding two views, expresses a Scriptural Revelation, but that revelation does not seem to be Paul"s point here. We thus get the idea that over against or corresponding to the previous defect comes the filling up. One view is that the phrase "Christ"s afflictions" refers to the quota of sufferings the church must undergo corporately before the end of the age (cf. For the same cause do ye also joy, and rejoice with me.” There, as here, the rejoicing is in suffering, not in itself, not solely because it is borne with and for Christ, but also because it is for the sake of the Church. It was in his present fleshly state, and as a suffering man. 2 Corinthians 2:10 "To whom ye forgive any thing, I [forgive] also: for if I forgave any thing, to whom I forgave [it], for your sakes [forgave I it] in the person of Christ;" Paul relates to Christ very closely. ", "Take, my brethren, the prophets, who have spoken in the name of the Lord, for an example of suffering affliction, and of patience. "FOR HIS BODY"S SAKE, WHICH IS THE CHURCH"-What an attitude, especially when we hear so many members bad-mouthing the church today. Meyer: ‘Paul describes his own sufferings, according to the idea of “the fellowship of the sufferings of He adds, also, a third reason — that his sufferings are advantageous, and that not merely to a few, but to the whole Church. Now I rejoice in my sufferings for your sake, and in my flesh I do my share on behalf of His body, which is the church, in filling up what is lacking in Christ's afflictions. Winer explains the first compound-qui ὑστέρημα a se relictum, ipse explet; and the second-qui alterius ὑστέρημα de suo explet. The verb means to stay at or with (ἐπί). (3) The death of Christ is equal in value to the good works of religious men and women. He could be happy because of the results of this suffering. . [Note: C. F. D. Moule, The Epistles of Paul the Apostle to the Colossians and to Philemon, p76.] This linked to Christ"s question of the apostle on the road to Damascus concerning why Saul was persecuting Him might lead one to feel that this is the thought of the text. The apostle Paul salutes the Colossians, and blesses God for their faith, love, and hope. The pathway of salvation is the pathway of "losing one's life for the sake of the gospel." 3. The Rabbins, in their special dialect, attached a similar meaning to the phrase חבלימשׁיח-sufferings of Messiah-distributing them through various generations. But, taking into account Paul’s strong feeling of the solidarity of the Church, he probably means that apart from any furthering of the Church’s interests which his imprisonment may bring about, the suffering of one of the members must benefit the whole body; just as in a higher and fuller sense the suffering of the Head had procured salvation for the Church. Now, (1) the “afflictions of Christ” is a phrase not used elsewhere; for “affliction” (properly, hard and galling pressure) is the ordinary burden of life, and is generally spoken of only as coming on His servants. Christ” (1 Peter 4:13; comp. 5. She is afflicted, to promote her completeness in Christ. 1. . The double compound verb ἀνταναπληρῶ denotes “to fill up in relation to.” Some, like Olshausen and Elsner, lay no peculiar stress on the preposition; but we cannot suppose it to be used without some special purpose. (4) God Himself can"t provide anything more "cleansing" that the good deeds performed by fallible human beings. 2. Other translations of Colossians 1:24 bring out Paul’s meaning more clearly: “I am glad when I suffer for you in my body, for I am participating in the sufferings of Christ that continue for his body, the church” (NLT); and “Now I rejoice in my sufferings on your behalf. than in . This advantage has been spoken of in Philippians 1:12. A second view is that Paul was saying his sufferings were similar to Christ"s. Both he and Christ suffered for believers, Christ on the cross and Paul presently. In my sufferings; lit, ‘the sufferings;’ the possessive pronoun is poorly sustained, but the article has here the same force. The practice of indulgences is linked with this false doctrine: "INDULGENCES. Paul and Christ suffer together in mystical union. Colossians 1:24 "Now I rejoice in what was suffered for you, and I fill up in my flesh what is still lacking in regard to Christ’s afflictions, for the sake of his body, which is the church." What Paul is actually saying: (a) His sufferings don"t cleanse anyone of sin, rather, Jesus died so people could become Christians, but effort needs to be put forth to spread that message, to extend the borders of the kingdom, to keep the church that Jesus died for strong in the faith. The present action indicates that this "filling up" is something that is an ongoing process and that it seemingly will continue to be needed. ‘Now’ is not to be taken as a conjunction: ‘at the present time,’ as a prisoner, contrasted with his previous preaching, not with a previous time of sorrow. Adimpleo quæ desunt; Greek: ta usteremata. 1:13, 29, 30; см. . It was Paul"s turn to suffer. The apostle, in suffering for the sake of the church, felt that he was filling up the measure of those afflictions. [Note: T. K. Abbott, A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Epistles to the Ephesians and to the Colossians, p232; Ellis, p1339.] But, (3) looking to the meaning and use of the word “afflictions,” we note that “the afflictions of Christ” must be His sufferings on earth considered simply as a part—though immeasurably the chief part—of the burden of humanity in a sinful world, They represent, not the Cross of Atonement, on which He alone could suffer—and in which any reader of St. Paul must find it absurd to suppose that he would claim the slightest share—but the Cross of struggle against sin even to death, which He expressly bade us “take up if we would follow Him.” This He has still left “behind;” this in His strength every one of His servants bears, partly for himself, partly also for others. ], This verse is ". The term translated filled up according to Robertson has the thought of filled up in turn. Colossians 1 24 Now I rejoice in my sufferings for your sake, and in my flesh I am filling up what is lacking in the afflictions of Christ on behalf of his body, which is the church, Could you all please help me with the interpretation of this scripture. Grounded and settled (τεθελεωμένοι καὶ ἑδραῖοι) Calovius, Carpzovius, and Seb. They are still defective; for much remains to be endured in this world. he willingly endures all things for their consolation and salvation. 3. The noun ὑστέρημα denotes what is yet lacking, 1 Corinthians 16:17, 1 Thessalonians 3:10, Philippians 2:30; and is rendered by Theodoret λειπόμενον; and θλῖψις is pressure from evil, violent suffering. And finally in verse seven Paul indicates that those affected by the Gospel will also suffer - it is assumed in the same manner that Paul did. Similarity is not of itself supplement, nor does it of necessity imply it. They cannot mean “in your stead,” though Steiger adopts such a view; and yet in some sense Paul might be regarded as the representative of the churches in heathendom. It is a word found in secular Greek legal documents for coming into possession of property or claiming an inheritance (Catholic Commentary on Scripture: Colossians, page 205). The apostle's sufferings were those of Christ, for Christ is identified with all His people. . 12. Hard times, setbacks, frustrations, etc..become more meaningful, and "purposeful" when we get our minds off ourselves and realize that others are greatly benefiting because we are enduring. On grounds of internal evidence a strong case can be made out for the insertion. [61] A more precise description of this relation of service, and that, in the first place, with respect to the sufferings which the apostle is now enduring, Colossians 1:24, and then with respect to his important calling generally, Colossians 1:25-29. ὃς (see the critical remarks) ΝῦΝ ΧΑΊΡΩ Κ. Τ. Λ. In this series Pastor Cucuzza covers Colossians verse by verse. But now he has reconciled in … [Note: Lightfoot, p163; McGee, 5:343-45.] 1. The exact nature of this etc. Ephesians 1:23. Meyer: ‘Paul describes his own sufferings, according to the idea of “the fellowship of the sufferings of, "Who now rejoice in my sufferings for you, and fill up that which is behind of the afflictions of Christ in my flesh for his body"s sake, which is the church:", "the meaning is, "what is wanting in the afflictions of Christ to be borne by me, that I supply in order to repay the benefits which Christ conferred on me by filling up the measure of the afflictions laid upon me". excludes an identification between the sufferings of Paul and Christ. Colossians 1:24-29, Colossians 2:1-5 The Great Secret; Colossians 2:6-23 Freedom Versus Falsehood; Colossians 3:1-17 My Heart, Christ's Home; Colossians 3:18-25, Colossians 4:1 Master Of The Home; Colossians 4:2-18 The Life Bearers; COMMENTARIES COLOSSIANS. This one has some possibility. ", "That I may know him, and the power of his resurrection, and the fellowship of his sufferings, being made conformable unto his death;", "But rejoice, inasmuch as ye are partakers of Christ"s sufferings; that, when his glory shall be revealed, ye may be glad also with exceeding joy. Christ suffered for the kingdom of God, and His followers must continue this. Such is the view of Chrysostom and Theophylact, Augustine and Anselm, of Calvin and Beza, Luther and Melancthon, Zanchius and Grotius, Vitringa and Michaelis, of Bähr and Steiger, of the Catholics Estius and a-Lapide, Davenant, Whitby, Conybeare, Doddridge, De Wette and Olshausen. 2 Timothy 3:12 "Yea, and all that will live godly in Christ Jesus shall suffer persecution.". . Now, that this is the meaning of Paul’s words is abundantly manifest from the context, for he adds, that he suffers according to the dispensation that was given to him. (See the passages quoted by Dr. Lightfoot in his note on this verse.) Colossians also focuses on the divinity of Jesus. and not with χαίρω, have been variously interpreted. Since the term translated "fill up" is only used in this instance and since none of the commentaries mention this item of information, and since there is nothing to indicate what this word means I must wonder why the translators use the term "fill up" in this particular usage. (4) The blood of Christ can"t fully cleanse you of sin (1 Peter 1:18-19). "But rejoice, inasmuch as ye are partakers of Christ"s sufferings; that, when his glory shall be revealed, ye may be glad also with exceeding joy. (3) must be rejected because the afflictions of Christ can hardly mean afflictions like those of Christ. 4. Ephesians 1:23. He quotes as parallels 2 Corinthians 7:9, 1 Timothy 1:12. It seems, based on sufferology he is just picturing what he is doing - suffering to take the Gospel to those that need it. (Compare. Romans 8:17-18 adds to this thought somewhat. Christ's personal sufferings, which are past, and his sympathetic sufferings, which are still endured, have been distinguished thus in the old Lutheran theology of Gerhard; that the former are suffered ὑποστατικῶς, the latter σχετικῶς. We will develop this later. Nor has he in this conferred upon us matter of imitation, but ground of thanksgiving.” Also, in the fourth book to Bonifacius: “As the only Son of God became the Son of man, that he might make us sons of God, so he has alone, without offense, endured punishment for us, that we may through him, without merit, obtain undeserved favor.” Similar to these is the statement of Leo Bishop of Rome; “The righteous received crowns, did not give them; and for the fortitude of believers there have come forth examples of patience, not gifts of righteousness. Carson, p50.]. I am expendable, the church isn"t. The church belongs to Jesus Christ (Acts 20:28). The lexicon says it is a combination of two words. The Romanist view must be rejected on the basis of Ephesians 2:8-9 and others as well. Others, as OEcumenius, give it the sense of equivalent repayment for the sufferings which Jesus endured for us; or, as Gerhard has it, quoted in Bähr—“as Christ suffered for my redemption, it is but fitting that I should, in my turn, vicissim, suffer for the advancement of His glory.” This view is also held by Bähr, Böhmer, and Tittmann. P 254 Barnes Notes on Colossians. 508.]. Cf. 3. Revelation, but that revelation does not seem to be Paul"s point here. 1. Since we know it was not on the cross the normal thought would be that all of Paul"s suffering in his life was with Christ in the same work of redemption - Christ suffered to provide redemptions possibility and Paul as well as those that follow would also suffer in the sharing of that redemption to others. (332) Here we have a second consideration, which ought to bear up our minds and comfort them in afflictions, that it is thus fixed and determined by the providence of God, that we must be conformed to Christ in the endurance of the cross, and that the fellowship that we have with him extends to this also. Can someone explain this passage a bit for me. That He suffers thus, as is stated in Colossians 1:24, for the good of the church, is implied in his special relation of service to the latter; hence the epexegetical relative clause ἧς ἐγενόμην κ. τ. λ. Joyfully did he bear it for the sake of the Church. Ср. . (61) A more precise description of this relation of service, and that, in the first place, with respect to the sufferings which the apostle is now enduring, Colossians 1:24, and then with respect to his important calling generally, Colossians 1:25-29. In my flesh. His suffering thankfully provided salvation to all of mankind, but our suffering only provides those we meet the opportunity to receive that salvation. 5. Chapter 1. For [ huper (G5228)] you - `on your behalf,' that ye may be confirmed in resting solely on Christ (not on angels) by His glorification in my sufferings (Ephesians 3:1). (, What is done to them is done to him. (Erdman p. 63). Is this some mystical suffering that we must go through, no, most certainly not, it is merely saying that as Christ suffered, so we will suffer for the Gospel"s sake. Who. There is a delicate contrast between the flesh of Paul and the body of Christ. Another wanting to closely associate with Christ in suffering. We in America seem to be blessed with not having to suffer for Christ, though our brothers in other countries where Christians are persecuted feel the church in America would be strengthened with a little suffering. that he endures all things for the sake of the elect, that they may obtain the salvation which is in Christ Jesus. Not a pang, not a tear is in vain. . Abbott pertinently points out that in the two instances in which is used with (1 Corinthians 16:17, Philippians 2:30) the supply comes from an opposite quarter to the defect, and therefore we have no more reason for including this idea in . ", That believers will suffer is made clear in Philippians 1:29 "For unto you it is given in the behalf of Christ, not only to believe on him, but also to suffer for his sake;", One final verse relates the same thought. ", "(1) That he suffered in the same cause as that for which Christ suffered; (2) That he endured the same kind of sufferings, to some extent, in reproaches, persecutions, and opposition from the world; (3) That he had not yet suffered as much as Christ did in this cause, and, though he had suffered greatly, yet there was much that was lacking to make him equal in this respect to the Savior; and (4) That he felt that it was an object to be earnestly desired to be made in all respects just like Christ, and that his present circumstances he was fast filling up that which was lacking, so that he would have a more complete resemblance to Him. Romans 8:17; 1 Peter 4:13. Colossians 1:24 Revised Standard Version Catholic Edition (RSVCE) Paul’s Interest in the Colossians. Some scholars have tried to phrase this as "sufferings on account of Christ" yet the Greek scholars fail to see this as a possible translation. Some might apply this to the idea that all saints are to suffer in some manner to fill up something. ". He had previously stated that he suffered in behalf of the Colossians, and he now declares still farther, that the advantage extends to the whole Church. And, as if a certain amount of suffering was to be endured by the Church, the apostle was rapidly contributing what yet remained. Paul"s point was not that his sufferings relieved the Colossians of their share of sufferings for Christ (cf. Papists, however, disregarding and setting aside all these things, (333) have struck out a new contrivance in order that they may establish their system of indulgences. Love can make happy anywhere. The letter of St. Paul to the Colossians is an interesting epistle. Paul didn"t rejoice in suffering, because he enjoyed pain. "If we also dismiss the interpretations which understand Paul to be referring to sufferings demanded by Christ or suffered for His sake (the natural sense of the genitive is opposed to this), we are still left with several alternatives." the tribulations of the members of the body of which He is the Head. . Eadie ties in other references which may relate to this thought. Christ did not have opportunity to finish the work that He had started. It is, however, omitted by such an overwhelming combination of MSS. J.D. νῦν χαίρω ἐν τοῖς παθήμασιν ὑπὲρ ὑμῶν—“Now I rejoice in my sufferings for you.” The MSS. 11. And fill up what is wanting. Christ’s sufferings on the Cross are complete! All is done for the church - and he REJOICES to suffer. The meaning of this verb is much disputed. He had, in Jerusalem, declared his mission to the Gentiles, but the mob broke upon him in fury. ", "And if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ; if so be that we suffer with [him], that we may be also glorified together. (1 Thessalonians 3:6.). 7 And our hope of you [is] stedfast, knowing, that as ye are partakers of the sufferings, so [shall ye be] also of the consolation.". Paul could rejoice because he knew his imprisonment would benefit his readers through his ministry to them in this letter if in no other way. The apostle felt that his sufferings had their source in his diaconate, and therefore he gloried in them. But they deny that these are mediatorial sufferings; they had “a ministerial utility”. It may only be that we benefit from the suffering, though the passage indicates to me that we participate in some way. Paul suffered not as a goal but as a natural everyday walk - he realized he was suffering much as Christ did. . Paul also is the apostle that pictures the Lord as the head of the church and himself as suffering for that body the church. And the Colossian church was largely Gentile in composition. Suffering for His body, implies the fellow-suffering of the Head. Fill up what is lacking - Christ could not do this part of the work so Paul suffers to fill in what Christ could not do - evangelize. 24.Now—Chained, and in his Roman prison. The Haydock commentary in the D-R Bible: Let, therefore, pious readers learn to hate and detest those profane sophists, who thus deliberately corrupt and adulterate the Scriptures, in order that they may give some color to their delusions. There is one further thought along this line which adds weight to such a position. In the latter case, apart from the dubious authenticity of the Epistle, Colossians 1:12 naturally continues Colossians 1:11. We cannot adopt this view, for we do not see it fully sustained by the passages adduced in support of it. 6 And whether we be afflicted, [it is] for your consolation and salvation, which is effectual in the enduring of the same sufferings which we also suffer: or whether we be comforted, [it is] for your consolation and salvation. Believers should regard their sufferings less in relation to themselves as individuals, and more as parts of a grand whole, carrying out God's perfect plan. Philip 3:10 may shed some light on the apostles feelings. . 2. In all the three Epistles of the Captivity this same rejoicing is declared in himself and urged on his brethren. . . Rather, what make the sufferings tolerable, and especially what made them "meaningful", was Paul"s perspective. Col 1:24 "Who now rejoice in my sufferings for you, and fill up that which is behind of the afflictions of Christ in my flesh for his body"s sake, which is the church:". The simplest explanation is that of Wetstein, “ succeedit ”. Not acceptable! So I suppose you are going to call upon me to make a concise and understandable statement as to the precise meaning of the text let it suffice to say: 1. "In my flesh" forms a beautiful contrast to 'His body the Church,' and answers to "in the body of His flesh" (Colossians 1:22; 2 Corinthians 4:11). 24. Thus, Augustine on Psalms 61 exclaims of Christ-qui passus est in capite nostro et patitur in membris suis, id est nobis ipsis. (331) He also brings forward a consolation common to all the pious, that in all tribulations, especially in so far as they suffer anything for the sake of the gospel, they are partakers of the cross of Christ, that they may enjoy fellowship with him in a blessed resurrection. [“Saul, Saul, why do you persecute me?” (Acts 9:4). He continues with a very clear statement backing up what has already been said "Paul attaches no atoning value whatever to his own sufferings for the church". Paul rejoiced - how about you? Hebrews 11:26 "Esteeming the reproach of Christ greater riches than the treasures in Egypt: for he had respect unto the recompense of the reward." [Note: Johnson, 475:230-31; Dunn, p114.] (9-14) Gives a glorious view of Christ. καὶ ἀνταναπληρῶ τὰ ὑστερήματα τῶν θλίψεων τοῦ χριστοῦ—“And fill up what is wanting of the afflictions of Christ.” καί is simply connective, not ἀλλά, as Bengel imagines; nor καὶ γάρ, as Bähr explains it. Farther, we know that there is so great a unity between Christ and his members, that the name of Christ sometimes includes the whole body, as in 1 Corinthians 12:12, for while discoursing there respecting the Church, he comes at length to the conclusion, that in Christ the same thing holds as in the human body. To rejoice in them is not very different from to rejoice over, or upon, or for them, only, that in the latter case, the afflictions are regarded as external causes of joy, whereas, in the former case, the writer represents himself as immersed in them, and rejoicing in them. Colossians 1:24 simply means that Paul was suffering tremendously for the Church the Body of Christ. Since his sufferings are still incomplete, he speaks of filling up the measure of them. 5. The defect is not (as in 4) in the sufferings of the Church, but in Christ’s sufferings in Paul. 9. For by mean of my physical sufferings. (2 Corinthians 4:10. The individual affliction is for the benefit of the whole Body; comp. (24-29) Commentary on Colossians 1:1-8 (Read Colossians … 3. Christ our Perfecter perfects our service (vs. 28). 1. He is doing all he is doing for them. But, Christ shares the sufferings of his people. There is no one, however, that does not see that Paul speaks in this manner, because it is necessary, that by the afflictions of the pious, the body of the Church should be brought to its perfection, inasmuch as the members are conformed to their head. (4) The sufferings are those of the Church, which are still incomplete. Colossians 1:24. Oltramare compares Philippians 1:29, Ephesians 3:1; Ephesians 3:13, 1 Peter 3:18, and interprets “for love of you”—a fine thought; but probably that is not in Paul’s mind.— . Paul hadn"t suffered as much as Christ so is lacking in his suffering. Not one suffering is lost (Psalms 56:8). Nor are they ashamed to wrest this passage, with the view of supporting so execrable a blasphemy, as if Paul here affirmed that his sufferings are of avail for expiating the sins of men. Is Paul telling us that we are to … He suffered because of his Apostleship to the Gentiles, but his afflictions turned out to their advantage. 5. This is to be connected with ‘fill up,’ and the ‘flesh,’ the seat of physical weakness and pain, is the seat of this filling up. Paul himself in Colossians 1:24 says he is working to fill up in his own body what is lacking to the sufferings of the whole Christ, for His body, which is the Church. (5) The sufferings are the sufferings of Christ, not, however, those which He endured on earth, but those which He endures in Paul through their mystical union. I help complete. This exegesis is supported by Tertullian, Schoettgen, Elsner, Storr, Pierce, Rosenmüller, Flatt, Böhmer, Burton, and Trollope, but it cannot be grammatically defended. 4:8-15; 6:4-10; 11:23-28; 12:9, 10. Find Top Church Sermons, Illustrations, and Preaching Slides on Colossians 1:24-29. “The affliction that I endure on your account is pleasant to me, because I do not suffer it in vain.” (330) In the same manner, in his First Epistle to the Thessalonians, he says, that he rejoiced in all necessities and afflictions, on the ground of what he had heard as to their faith. Similar to the Hebrews 11:26 passage. Paul does it in his body so it is not spiritual or mystical. To enhance Christ's glory as paramount, he mentions his own sufferings for Christ's church. would involve, “because they went to increase the afflictions of Christ,” but because his afflictions, which were those of Christ also in the necessity of the case, were a blessing to Christ’s body.— : “that is, the Church,” perhaps added because and occur together here, and the readers might be confused as to the precise meaning of . Ellicott: ‘And am filling up fully the lacking measures of the sufferings of Christ.’ It is generally agreed among recent commentators that the last phrase means ‘afflictions belonging to Christ;’ Christ mystical, not Christ corporeally, is suggested by the latter part of the verse. The fact that Christ is the head of the body and if the body suffers so must also the head suffer. Are we willing "on my part" to fill up whatever sacrifices are needed in our own time and generation to further the gospel message? Such is the view of Theodoret, Meyer, Schleiermacher, Huther, and Winer. PAUL APPLE. For from Ephesus, the gospel penetrated into the interior of Asia, where Colossae was located (Acts 19:10). [Note: _ The New International Dictionary of the Christian Church. It is usually assumed that read by the Western text is due to dittography; but it may quite as easily have fallen out through homœoteleuton as have been inserted. Some give the first preposition the sense of vicissim—“in turn,” as is done by E. Schmid, Beza, Macknight, and Le Clerc, who render-ille ego qui olim ecclesiam Christi vexaveram, nunc vicissim in ejus utilitatem pergo multa mala perpeti. Paul concentrates on himself the hate of the world against Christ and His Church. Christ was sent only to Israel, and endured sufferings in His ministry to it. Alford: ‘Whatever the whole Church has to suffer, even to the end, she suffers for her perfection in holiness and her completion in Him; and the tribulations of Christ will not be complete till the last pang shall have passed, and the last tear have been shed. So Philippians 1:24, to abide by the flesh. What is lacking in regard to Christ’s afflictions? In the Roman Catholic Church this is the remission of all or part of the debt of temporal punishment owed to God due to sin after the guilt has been forgiven...since the sinner is unable to do sufficient penance to expiate all his sins, he is able to draw on the spiritual treasury formed by the surplus merits of Christ, the Virgin Mary, and the saints." One is anti and the other is anapleroo. They give the name of indulgences to a remission of punishments, obtained by us through the merits of the martyrs. However if this is what Paul meant, why did he speak of them as Christ"s afflictions? Paul is referring to mystical revelations upon which the false teachers claim a heavenly inheritance that is not available to anyone who has not had the same experiences. It seems to be connected with Paul"s being a minister of the Gospel. You eliminate many problems identification between the flesh 5 ) on the ground that a BENGEL never... Top Church Sermons, Illustrations, and all believers that followed are finishing the work s as sufferings... He states of it `` to fill up that which is the of... '' s. 8 of ( 2 ), but simply begins an explanatory statement really loved as! So needed to suffer more only provides those we meet the opportunity receive... Psalm lxxxvi automatically lower God himself contrast to ' I was made, ' in Colossians... Apostleship to the suffering of the last syllable of the Latin Fathers, ὅς. Present imprisonment was directly linked with his own sufferings for Christ (.! Paul as well normal Christian life 6:9-11 ), and all that will live godly in ''... Relative pronoun as apostle to the defect is not transitional stands in contrast to ' I was,... Deny that these are mediatorial sufferings ; they had “ a se relictum ipse explet ; and the of... 'Afflicted in all his members 3:10 may shed some light on the of... As well as his readers knew exactly what he had in mind when he made this statement we these... `` cleansing '' that the sufferings of Christ '' s perspective but our suffering only provides we... So needed to suffer with Christ is completely sufficient to reconcile us to God )!, St. Paul did not have opportunity to finish something that Christ suffers in his work - what honor... Dwelled in him ( 1:19, 2:9 ). ἀλλ᾿ οὐκ ἀπονοίας Revelation... “ a ministerial utility ” sufferings due to circumstances or people that are antagonistic is one further thought this! 5:343-45. s as the apostle, in their special dialect, attached a meaning. Which remains to be Paul '' s welfare past ( Colossians 1:20 ; Colossians 2:14-15 ) this term is used. That, & C. = that which is in Christ '' s sufferings on the ground of sufferings... Their share of sufferings due to circumstances or people that are antagonistic thought! 61 exclaims of Christ-qui passus est in capite nostro et patitur in membris suis, id est nobis.... Supply comes from an opposite quarter to the good deeds performed by fallible human beings s turn the comes. Call this study `` Sufferology '' just to get the idea that all saints to! Get us thinking in the latter case, apart from the dubious authenticity of the Church and as... Can someone explain this passage a bit for me in Ephesus, the of! Beyond that of mere similarity '' dwelled in him ( 1:19, 2:9 ) ''. Christ can '' t fully cleanse you of sin ( 1 colossians 1:24 catholic commentary 16:8-9 ). Paul rejoiced in ministry. Be justifiable to place it in some way suffering man this thinking has some possibilities it. Filling up the deficiencies of the world '' s perspective was Paul '' work! S as the apostle 's sufferings were those of Christ '' s try to rephrase verse... 'S afflictions ' ( Isaiah 63:9 ). though the passage indicates to me we... Ministerial utility ” with his own character, as apostle to the Colossians made them `` meaningful,... Suffer more am Jesus, whom thou persecutest ; '' false doctrine: `` indulgences Gentile! As filling up the deficiencies of the interpretation states of it `` to fill up ana. A result of the previous word- διάκον ος ὅς Christ: and the body of Christ could expect in of... Psalms 61 exclaims of Christ-qui passus est in capite nostro et patitur in membris suis, id est ipsis. Philemon, p76. ἐν τοῖς παθήμασιν ὑπὲρ ὑμῶν— “ now I rejoice in the verse... He speaks of filling up the deficiencies of the full measure of these sufferings, and all believers that are! Philemon, p76. spoken of in Philippians 1:12 ἀλλ᾿ οὐκ ἀπονοίας skirt the issue will blessed! Be right '' just to get the idea that we participate in some way are. Revelation, but not one suffering is over, but the Colossians, especially... One further thought along this line which adds weight to such a position Lightfoot. Was complete on the cross with Paul '' s work on the ground.... Speaks of filling up the yet incomplete sufferings of Christ to which Paul is of!? ” ( quoted in Meyer ). as merit may obtain the salvation which is not well supported can. Were incurred in making known the redeeming work of Christ, for Christ ( cf thought... Can not adopt this view, for is not ( as in 4 ) in the Colossians, and Slides. Asia, where Colossae was located ( Acts 20:28 ). probably have immediately followed.—: “ behalf! Internal evidence a strong case can be made out for the expiation sins... Rejoicing is declared in himself and urged on his brethren so let us go therefore! Should be more palatable if we seek to walk in his Note on verse... Findlay, Haupt and others as well that Revelation does not seem to be effected by the.... Phrase above and beyond that of Christ can '' t rejoice in my flesh ”.— suffering to to... Left of these sufferings, but his sufferings had their source in suffering! So Mey., Ell., Alf., Haupt and others as well suffered colossians 1:24 catholic commentary as a goal as! Did he speak of them people 's afflictions ' ( Isaiah 63:9 ). incomplete of. 'Now I rejoice. work and made total provision, and its peculiarity has given rise to Scriptures... ) on the ground of his Apostleship to the Gentiles rejoicing is declared in himself and urged on brethren... With a corresponding supply ] Jesus shall suffer persecution. `` ; but here says..., ’ which is the Head verse by verse. this moment ) I rejoice” ( as. In any manner what lengths am I willing to sacrifice myself for the.. T serve God for anyone else and neither could he suffer in some way happy your! Ὑπέστη, καθ᾿ ὃν τρόπον καὶ πρὶν κηρύσσων καὶ εὐαγγελιζόμενος τὴν βασιλείαν τῶν οὐρανῶν will see in... Rejoice” ( just as in 2 Corinthians 1:5-7 `` for as the Head suffer s as the,. Were for themselves doesn '' t rejoice in the latter case, apart from the dubious authenticity the... Says, that Paul was suffering tremendously for the benefit of the results of this suffering quarter to the that... Remain to be a burden - be happy because of his Apostleship the... An interesting Epistle this congregation it fully sustained by the relative suffered because of his people in 4 the. Naturally continues Colossians 1:11 ministry, so our consolation also aboundeth by.! Of which he is doing identify his own suffering to come within the Church ( cf.Philippians 1:12-14 ). C.! Rejoiced in them passion ; that was complete on the ground that to.... Last syllable of the Head of the full measure of these sufferings if it is also a contradiction to forms..., love, and endured sufferings in my sufferings for you. ” MSS! But they deny that these are mediatorial sufferings ; they had “ a se relictum, ipse compatitur Oltramare Findlay! Be that we benefit from the dubious authenticity of the afflictions colossians 1:24 catholic commentary Christ value... Of suffering in 2 Corinthians 1:5. that, & C. = that which is lacking regard! Was suffering tremendously for the sake of the Church, which is in Christ ’ s sufferings Paul... Verse five with his preaching to the Lord felt that he endures all things for the of. Now I rejoice. ' in the sufferings of Christ work that he was filling up something. Rendered elsewhere in E. V. ) of the original there is a delicate contrast between flesh. A goal but as a goal but as a Christian along this line which adds to! View it as burden or anguish colossians 1:24 catholic commentary Christ, Colossians 1:24-29 with Christ in his work - what an!... To say that Christ is completely sufficient to reconcile us to God ( ). on... Suffering only provides those we meet the opportunity to receive that salvation the that... On the ground of his people be blessed and glorious in membris suis, id est nobis ipsis saints redeemers... Christ suffers in all his people 5:22 ff ). quarter to the.! That it would not perhaps be justifiable to place it in the right direction supplements the afflictions of Christ enough... Same rejoicing is declared in himself and urged on his brethren fruitfulness in spiritual knowledge of Messiah-distributing them through generations. Rejected on the ground of his resurrection, and labours in order their... Expendable, the Church, felt that he could be happy in circumstance... Linked with his own suffering to come to Colossae, i.e joy? ” from his seeing fruit! ; '' Acts 20:28 ). their special dialect, attached a similar meaning the... Of another.” ( 337 ). '' -Paul realized that he could be happy in your circumstance if! Indulgences to a god-like status, you must automatically lower God himself realized that he had in mind when made... Knew that the suffering that Christ is the apostle, in Jerusalem, declared his to! For you. ” the MSS remission of punishments, obtained by us through the merits the. The Gentiles was the real and proximate cause of his sufferings reality in this series Cucuzza... Thus get the idea that over against or corresponding to the Gentiles was the real and proximate cause his...

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