ziziphus mauritiana leaves

7 de janeiro de 2021

Livest. hysudrica, which is wild or cultivated with large fruit, and var. It contains 20 to 30% sugar, up to 2.5% protein and 12.8% carbohydrates. Ziziphus mauritiana leaves were collected from Dhaka, Bangladesh in September 2010 and identified by the scientists of Bangladesh National Herbarium, Mirpur, Dhaka. 1, (1959); 99-107. , Mizuta K., Nakagawa K., Chin W.J., and Wa X.E.,A new neo-lignan, a prostaglandin I2 inducer from the leaves of. In: Fruits of warm climates: 272-275. In: Browse in Africa, the current state of knowledge.  . Centre Technique Forestier Tropical, Institut d'Elevage et de Medecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, 213 pp. C. R. Chimie, 7 (10-11), Ecocrop, 2013. Rabbits have been used as test animals to study the pharmacological activities of leaves and root extracts from Indian jujube, including their antidiarrhoeal, antihyperglycemic or hypotension effects (Diallo et al., 2004; Dahiru et al., 2006; Koffi et al., 2008; Goyal et al., 2012). Ziziphus mauritiana leaves were obtained from a local market of Bahawalpur, Pakistan. It has been included in low quality diets for goats at up to 50% of the DM (Myint et al., 2010; Khan et al., 2009). It is browsed by livestock and its leaves are nutritious fodder for sheep and goats (Ecocrop, 2013; Orwa et al., 2009; Nair, 1993). It can be processed into flour meal, paste, juice, syrup or an alcoholic beverage (Latiff, 1991). and Z. mauritiana Lam., as a widespread species in Tunisia, are well known for their medicinal and food uses. The leaves are alternate, ovate or oblong elliptic with rounded apex, with 3 depressed longitudinal veins at the base. Selbstverständlich ist jeder Ziziphus ziziphus rund um die Uhr auf Amazon.de verfügbar und kann somit sofort geliefert werden. The flowers are small, inconspicuous yellow-green. Rural Dev., 20 (supplement), Kongmanila, D. ; Ledin, I., 2009. In the Sahelian rangeland of Cameroon, dietary preferences were higher for leaves of Ziziphus species, while pods and blossoms of other species were generally preferred (Ngwa et al., 2000). Sci., 78 (11): 1273-1277, Khan, N. A.; Habib, G.; Ullah, G., 2009. Very recently anti-obesity effect of Ziziphus jujusba leaf extract has been indicated in rats fed on high fat diet23. Alle Ziziphus ziziphus im Blick . PWA Shop Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawai'i. Jujube Symp., Brisbane, Australia, Morton, J. F., 1987. Pays Trop., 48 (2): 213-219, Orwa, C.; Mutua, A.; Kindt, R.; Jamnadass, R.; Anthony, S., 2009. Amanullah et al., 2006; Barbind et al., 1994; Blair Ralns, 1963; Cheema et al., 2011; CIRAD, 1991; Daovy Kongmanila et al., 2009; Das et al., 1996; FUSAGx/CRAW, 2009; Hussain, 2009; Inam-Ur-Rahim et al., 2011; Kavita Sharma et al., 2006; Khanum et al., 2007; Mlay et al., 2006; Ram et al., 1943; Sangaré et al., 2003; Singh et al., 2005, Heuzé V., Tran G., Boval M., Lebas F., 2019. The procedure was repeated to get a constant weight. The stone is single, central, hard, oval or oblate, with a rough surface. In the Sahelian zone, Indian jujube is one of the most persistent trees, like Acacia raddiana and Balanites aegyptiaca, remaining available for browsing from July to March (Sanon et al., 2012). http://dx.doi.org/10.13040/IJPSR.0975-8232.3(3).818-21, All © 2021 are reserved by International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research, This Journal licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, Subscribe to YouTube Channel of SPSR Where climatic conditions are severe, it is commonly a compact shrub only 3-4 m tall. Ziziphus species have relatively high mineral contents, which may alleviate deficiencies during periods of scarcity (Haenlein et al., 2007). It is only commercially important in India and China (Orwa et al., 2009). Weed * Stem. was collected in March 2016 from the garden of College of Sciences and Arts at Al-Rass, after verifi cation and authentication by Dr. Wail Elsadig Abdalla (Plant taxonomist), voucher specimen was deposited in the herbarium of the depart-ment of laboratory sciences, College of Sciences and Arts at Al-Rass. Res., 67 (1): 64–74, Sanon, H. O.; Sanou, S., 2012. Die Relevanz des Tests ist sehr wichtig.  . Florida Flair Books, Miami, Myint, K. H.; Mu, K. S.; Soe, T. M.; Maw, N. N.; Gawng, L. T. M.; Ngwe, T., 2010. How to use it ointment for external wounds, leavesbidara leaves and add a little water. The alcoholic and aqueous extract of Ziziphus mauritiana leave shows hepatoprotective, antioxidant and other important pharmacological activities. Tree leaves as cattle fodder. Feed Sci. Nutritive evaluation of ber leaves hay vs. berseem hay in goats Feed Sci. Acid Insoluble Ash: The ash obtained as described above was boiled with 25 ml of 2N HCl for five minutes. Feedipedia, a programme by INRAE, CIRAD, AFZ and FAO. This was not the case for ruminants (Hansen et al., 2008). The effect of supplementation with fresh browse of, Sanon, H. O. ; Nianogo, J. hysudrica, which is wild or cultivated with large fruit, and var. Recent assessment of the use of browse species by cattle and small ruminants in Burkina Faso showed that Indian jujube, together with Balanites aegyptiaca and Acacia spp. Once the fruits have been harvested, the trees must be pruned so that new fruits are produced on the next year shoots. Leaves ovate, oblong, elliptic-ovate, or sub-orbicular, 2-9 cm x 1.5-5 cm, slightly oblique at base, obtuse, rounded shortly acuminate at apex, rounded or sub-cordate or entire, serrate, glabrous and dark green above, greyish pale-coloured and densely tomentose beneath; petiole 8-15 mm long, tomentose. Anim. Sama Venkatesh, Swamy M.M., Vijayalakshmi S., Reddy Y.S.R., SureshB. Here we report the ash value, moisture content, volatile matters, crude fibers, phytochemical test, fluorescence analysis and micro chemical test of Ziziphus mauritiana leaves. The crucible was incinerated gradually by increasing temperature to make it dull red hot until free from carbon. Mature green fruits (unripe) are used in India to prepare chutney, pickle and jelly 2. The fresh leaves were dried under shade, powdered and pass through 40 mesh sieve and stored in closed containers for further use. Res., 68 (1-2): 35-41, Hansen, H. H. ; Sanou, L. ; Nacoulma, B. M. I., 2008. Ziziphus ziziphus - Die preiswertesten Ziziphus ziziphus ausführlich verglichen . Ziziphus mauritiana showed significant anti-inflammatory, cytoprotective, anti-allergic and antiulcer activity. Fig. In arid areas of Pakistan, Indian jujube is among the preferred plant species by all classes of ruminants (cattle, sheep, goats, camels), and also donkeys, particularly during winter and early spring (Khan et al., 2012a). Technol., 88 (3-4): 253-266, Niazi, M. R.; Habib, G.; Siddiqui, M. M., 2001. Ziziphus mauritiana extract showed anticancer, anti-inflammatory and antidiabetic activities 19, 20, 21. Das Team hat im genauen Ziziphus ziziphus Test uns die besten Produkte verglichen und alle nötigen Merkmale recherchiert. Dev., 24 (11): 205, Tewatia, B. S.; Khirwar, S. S., 2002. Leaves are used in the treatment of diarrhoea, gastric disorder, fever, liver damage and pulmonary disorders. Indian jujube is useful for shade, as windbreaks and as living fences (Orwa et al., 2009). Prevention of infection Health benefits of Ziziphus mauritiana has ananti-inflammatory composition, so it is very good at treating external woundsdue to falls or injuries. The ratio between herbs and the mixture was 2: 8. The root of Ber tree or Ziziphus Mauritiana helps in hair growth. leaves of Ziziphus mauritiana L. and Ziziphus spina-christi L. compared with Ascorbic acid Abalaka, M. E.1*, Mann, A.2 and Adeyemo S. O.3 1Department of Microbiology, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Niger State, Nigeria. B. Water Soluble Ash: The ash obtained as described in the determination of total ash was boiled for 5 minutes with 25 ml of water. Small Rumin. Ziziphus mauritiana (Rhamnaceae), commonly known as Indian jujube, is a pharmacologically diverse medicinal plant. Inflorescence axillary cymes, tomentose. Indian J. Anim. The present work deals to summarize the Pharmacognostical studies like  ash value, extractive value, moisture content, volatile matters, crude fibers, phytochemical test, fluorescence analysis and micro chemical test. Res. Die Aussagekraft der Testergebnisse ist sehr entscheidend. Son écorce est grise à brune, avec une tranche rose ou rouge. They are borne on 1-2 cm long axillary cymes (US Forest Service, 2013; Latiff, 1991). Microchemical test with different chemicals and acids was also determined in ordinary light (table 5). Leaves and thorns. Small Rumin. Evaluating forest and fruit trees for rehabilitation of semiarid alkali-sodic soils in India. An introduction to agroforestry. Indian jujube can be propagated from seeds, or vegetatively, through in situ grafting or budding on to rootstocks. Z. mauritiana (Indian jujube). Z. mauritiana (Indian jujube). A review of work on Indian medicinal plants. 25 Z. mauritiana in Central Africa where this Asian species is naturalized Fig. Indian jujube wood is reddish, fine-textured, hard and durable. Livest. is a shrub or small tree of the dry tropical and subtropical regions that is browsed by livestock. The leaves also possess immunostimulant and cardiovascular properties. Chinee apple (Ziziphus mauritiana) is a large shrub or small tree (growing up to 10 m tall) with alternately arranged leaves. The leaves of Ber tree are used to treat Typhoid in children and inducing sweating to reduce fever. Microchemical test: The behavior of the leaves of Ziziphus mauritiana with different chemicals was carried out to observe the color changes under ordinary light 21. Indian jujube leaves are rich in protein and are, therefore, a valuable source of protein for animal feeding (Arndt et al., 2001; Ngwa et al., 2000). There are two major domesticated jujubes, Ziziphus mauritiana Lam. Indian jujube (Ziziphus mauritiana Lam.) Weed * Stem. Potential mineral deficiencies on arid rangelands for small ruminants with special reference to Mexico. Fruits need hot, sunny and dry conditions but moisture is necessary to support growth and flowering. Fodder: In parts of India and North Africa, the leaves of Z. mauritiana are used as nutritious fodder for sheep and goats. Plant Physiol., 27: 985-996, Arndt, S.K. Cultivated jujubes are thus ideal for planting in sites unfit for other crops, such as marginal or degraded areas, provided that the right genotypes are selected for alkali or sodic soils (Hebbara et al., 2002; Dagar et al., 2001). Nitrogen digestibility was significantly lower with Indian jujube, but combining the leaves with urea (10 g/d) markedly increased N retention and is suggested as a cheap and practical way of improving the feed quality for sheep (Habib et al., 2008). Ziziphus is a genus of about 40 species of spiny shrubs and small trees in the buckthorn family, Rhamnaceae, distributed in the warm-temperate and subtropical regions throughout the world. 24 Indian jujube branch habit Fig. Anim. The powder was extracted with different solvents ranging from non-polar to polar solvents. Pak. The same fluorescence analysis was also determined for the powder of Ziziphus mauritiana leaves with different reagents (table 4). Leaves and thorns. The samples were cleaned, air-dried at room temperature for three weeks and ground into fine powder. The aim of the present study is to identify the major compounds of the methanol extract of the leaves of Ziziphus mauritiana growing in Ivory Coast. Sci., 2 (6): 552-553, Arndt, S. K.;Wanek, W.; Clifford, S. C.; Popp, M., 2000. The leaves are alternate and elliptic. Ziziphus mauritiana mostly contains Alkaloids, Sapogenin & Flavonoids 2, 8, 9. Also, as Indian jujube leaves are eaten by ruminants, it can be assumed that they are a suitable forage for rabbits. A neo lignin isolated from Ziziphus mauritiana leaves found to increase the release of endogenous prostaglandin I2 (the most potent natural inhibitor of platelet aggregation and a powerful vasodilator) from the rat aorta 22. Chase C.R. Anim. Third International Jujube Symposium. Leaves of Ziziphus mauritiana (Fig 1.) Res. Evaluation of Leucaena leucocephala and Ziziphus mauritiana as sources of tannins and their interference with nitrogen utilisation in goats (Browse trees of north Cameroon. Ziziphus mauritiana was first named as Ziziphus jujube in 1789 by Lamarck. Fruits for the Future 2: Ber, International Centre for Underutilized Crop. Qassim University. Ziziphus mauritiana leaf Bark black, vertical furrows.Spines paired, one straight, other hooked. The samples were cleaned, air-dried at room temperature for three weeks and ground into fine powder. (Eds. Sarhad J. Noté /5: Achetez Screening of Biological Activities of Ziziphus mauritiana Leaves: Biological Activities of Ziziphus mauritiana de Hamiduzzaman, Md. However, the nutritive value of Indian jujube forage ranked poorly in comparison with other forage tree foliage such as Morus alba, Sesbania sesban, Leucaena leucocephala or Streblus asper (Khan et al., 2008). Quantitative study in the southern zone of Oursi fen (Upper Volta). The twigs and leaves of Ziziphus mauritiana were collected from Selangor. On the contrary, comparisons with other forages such as water spinach (Ipomoea aquatica) and berseem hay was favourable to Indian jujube leaves (Kongmanila et al., 2009; Tewatia et al., 2003). The inclusion of Indian jujube forage at 50% of the DM in a sesame oil meal based diet did not decrease overall intake, but all digestibility parameters were significantly reduced and N retention was lower than with leucaena supplementation (Myint et al., 2010). In cultivated Indian jujube, the spines may be absent (Azam-Ali et al., 2006). Sci., 15 (1): 94-98, Khan, M. J.; Drochner, W.; Steingass, H.; Islam, K. M. S., 2008. Azam-Ali S, Bonkoungou E, Bowe C, deKock C, Godara A, Williams JT. Indian J. Anim. FAO, Rome, Italy, Habib, G.; Saleem, M.; Hameed, A., 2013. and Srivastava S.D.Structure of Zizogenin, a new sapogenin from, Gong Cheng, Yanjing Bai, Yuying Zhao, Jing Tao, Yi Liu, Guangzhong Tu, Libin Ma, Ning Liao and Xiaojie Xu. Ber and other jujubes. 1st Asia Dairy Goat, Kuala Lumpur: 88-90, Khanum, S. A. ; Yaqoob, T. ; Sadaf, S. ; Hussain, M. ; Jabbar, M. A. ; Hussain, H. N. ; Kausar, R. ; Rehman, S., 2007. Methods: Placebo (base) without any plant extract and formulation with 4 % Ziziphus mauritiana extract were prepared by mixing. Ziziphus - a multipurpose fruit tree for arid regions . Effect of tree leaves with or without urea as a feed supplement on nutrient digestion and nitrogen balance in sheep. Ziziphus mauritiana Lam. Palatability and animal preferences of plants in Tehsil Takht-e-Nasrati, District Karak, Pakistan. The leaves are simple, shining green above and whitish tomentose beneath, commonly sub-orbicular to ovate-oblong, rounded at both ends, highly variable in shape and size 6. Ziziphus Jujuba of the Middle East: Source .Jujube (Ziziphus jujuba) is a The bark of Ber tree makes perfect eye drop for curing inflammation. In: Production and Management of rainfed fruits crops (Eds. This fruit is commonly consumed in households as fresh and is dehydrated for later use. Commercially it is cultivated in China & India. Nutr., 19 (4): 329-333, Tewatia, B. S.; Panwar, V. S., 2003. 28 Z. mauritiana Lam. The spines are solitary or borne in pairs at the base of the leaves, 5 to 7 mm long (Latiff, 1991). Patel BH, Upadhyay VR, Muralidharan CM, Judal GS, Effect of various insecticides on honey bee, Devi KR, Atluri JB, Reddi CS,Pollination ecology of. In Burkina Faso, a 4-year study showed that tree fodder was a very minor part of the diet selected by herbivores, even when there was little grass available in the dry season. ): 153-155. J. ), Sustainable Land Use in Deserts, Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg, Azam-Ali, S.; Bonkoungou, E.; Bowe, C.; deKock, C.; Godara, A.; Williams, J. T., 2006. Lamarck, J.B.A.P.Monnet de (1797) Encyclopedique Methodique, Botanique 3: 319. Leaves, ovate, broad, dark green and shining from above. The fruit skin may be smooth or rough, glossy, yellowish to reddish or blackish. ), International Centre for Underutilized Crops, Southampton, UK, Barbind, R. P.; Karanjkar, L. M., 2006. Karnataka J. Agric. FukuyamaY. Ziziphus Mauritiana - Die ausgezeichnetesten Ziziphus Mauritiana auf einen Blick Meinungen von Konsumenten über Ziziphus Mauritiana. They are also used in the treatment of cancer and cardiovascular disorder 15, 16. Rural Dev., 17 (12): 147, Sanon, H. O.; Kaboré-Zoungrana, C.; Ledin, I., 2007. (Eds. Ziziphus mauri tiana leaves for ski n rejuvenation. The trunk is around 40 cm in diameter, covered with a dark grey or dull black, irregularly fissured bark (Orwa et al., 2009). When offered with water spinach ad libitum, Indian jujube increased DM intake, apparent digestibility and N retention compared to water spinach alone (Kongmanila et al., 2009). The fruit is used as food and to make medicine. Ziziphus mauritiana: Cultivation and use in Kapsiki country, northern Cameroon. Slightly underripe fruits are candied by a process of pricking, immersing in a salt solution. Indian Council of Medical Research, Special Report Series No. Wenn Sie auf dieser Seite Fragen jeglicher Art haben, texten Sie unserem Texterteam direkt! (1958); 47,715. improvement of animal prod. B. ; Sultan, J. I. ; Javaid, A. ; Akhtar, P. ; Shahid, M., 2011. PHARMACOGNOSTICAL EVALUATIONS OF THE LEAVES OF ZIZIPHUS MAURITIANA, M. K. Gupta 1,A. Chemical composition of some tropical foliage species and their intake and digestibility by goats. Kokoshi C.J., Kokoshi R.J. and Sharma P.J., J. American Pharm. Leaves of Indian jujube are readily eaten by camels, sheep, goats and cattle (Azam-Ali et al., 2006; Tewatia et al., 2002). A spacing of 5-6 m or 8-9 m is often used (Latiff, 1991). Indian jujube can be used for coastal dune sand fixation (Orwa et al., 2009; Azam-Ali et al., 2006). Blair Rains, A., 1963. J. Agric. Fruits and bark are used to make dye and medicinal preparations (Ecocrop, 2013; Orwa et al., 2009). Ziziphus mauritianaleaves contain 13-17% crude protein and 15% fibre, and make an excellent fodder for livestock. However, direct experimentation is recommended before extensive use. Bois et Forêts des Tropiques, 218: 57- 62, CTFT-CIRAD, ICRAF, Nairobi, Kenya, Dhok, A. P.; Rekhate, D. H.; Wankhade, S. G., 2005. and health, IAEA/FAO : 159-165, Nair, P.K.R., 1993. Assoc. 2. Leaves with 3 ribs at the base, margin with fine soft teeth,Tiny, star shaped flowers.
Res. Ecology in the management of Indian jujube (, Habib, G.; Raza, M.; Saleem, M., 2008. Chopra RN, Chopra IC. Utilization of Sahelian woody species by domestic herbivores. Ziziphus mauritiana Lam (Rhamnaceae) is traditionally used in the treatment of various ailments. In India, the best cultivars yielded 77 kg fruit/year but in Mali only 2.5 kg fruit/year were reached (Morton, 1987; Le Houérou, 1980). The twigs and leaves of Ziziphus mauritiana were collected from Selangor. Sci., 75 (1): 77-80, Diallo, D.; Sanogo, R.; Yasambou, H.; Traoré, A.; Coulibaly, K.; Maïga, A., 2004. (Eds. J. Anim. J. A. ; Olatunji, E. A., 2012. Sci., 22 (6): 803-811, Le Houérou, H. N., 1980. Tree leaves in the diet of free-ranging ruminants in three areas of Burkina Faso. In grazing dairy goats, Indian jujube forage used as a potential replacer for cottonseed cake in a low quality diet for 10 weeks had a positive effect on milk yield. The aim of the current study was to investigate the chemical composition as well as biological (antioxidant, antimicrobial, antitumor and anticancer) attributes of different solvent extracts from the leaves of Ziziphus mauritiana. However, Indian jujube appeared to have potential to increase sheep production in low-input crop/livestock systems (Sangaré et al., 2003), although sheep had a limited capacity to benefit from Indian jujube leaves as a protein supplement. Chemical composition, mineral profile and, Dagar, J. C.; Singh, G.; Singh, N. T., 2001. This was later confirmed by an assessment of the feeding behaviour of free-ranging cattle, who did not ingest more than 25% of browse forage, among which Indian jujube represented less than 5% (Hansen et al., 2008). Protein value of some wild and cultivated tree leaves for ruminant livestock. Indian jujube originated from Central Asia and then spread to North Africa and India through Afghanistan, South China, Malaysia and Australia. Hocking D, Trees for Drylands. (Eds). The fruit is eaten raw, pickled or used in beverages. Technol., 154 (3/4): 160-168, Khan, M.; Hussain, F., 2012. Le jujubier est un arbuste épineux et sarmenteux atteignant 1 à 2m de haut. https://www.youtube.com/c/SocietyofPharmaceuticalSciencesandResearch. It can withstand some salinity (Latiff, 1991). Ripe fruits are preserved by sun-drying and a powder is prepared for out-of-season purposes. Technol., 144 (3/4): 335-343, Haenlein, G. F. W.; Ramirez, R. G., 2007. Ber and other jujubes. Piot, J. ; Nebout, J. P. ; Nanot, R. ; Toutain, B., 1980. The fruit is an ovoid drupe, 6 cm x 4 cm in size. Several cultivars have been selected among the seedling populations for their superior fruit quality. A. ; Nanglem, N. S. ; Sanou, S., 2005. The leaves are about 2.5 – 3.2 cm long. The chemical compositions of the leaves are proteins & amino acids, flavonoids, alkaloids, glycosides, terpenoides, saponins, fibers, tannins and phenolic compounds. In Australia, Indian jujube may become a weed as it is spread by cattle. Forage Res., 29(3): 129-130, Zampaligré, N.; Dossa, L. H.; Schlecht, E., 2013. Indian jujube leaves and fruits contain saponins: in Ethiopia, the fruits are used to stupefy fish and there is probably sufficient saponin for this purpose (Morton, 1987). (Lam.) Selective behaviour of goats offered different tropical foliages. Présentation de Ziziphus mauritiana : noms scientifiques et vernaculaires, statut de protection (listes rouges, réglementations), statut biologique en France Métropolitaine, données historiques et … fruiticosa, which is a small shrub in the sub-Himalayan tract, with small fruit. Arid Land Res. Extract of Ziziphus mauritianaleaves also shows characteristic fluorescence analysis in visible and under U.V. It contains 2 elliptic, brown seeds, 6 mm long (Morton, 1987). Rur. Auf der Website recherchierst du die nötigen Unterschiede und unser Team hat eine Auswahl an Ziziphus ziziphus näher betrachtet. The crucible was cooled and weighed. Kluwer Academic Publishers in collaboration with International Centre for Research in Agroforestry, Ngwa, A. T. ; Pone, D. K. ; Mafeni, J. M., 2000. The experimental works were conducted at Phytochemical Research Laboratory, Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, University. Antidiarrhoeal activity of, Depommier, D., 1988. The mixture was kept in a dark … The leaves and twigs of most Ziziphus species, including Ziziphus mauritiana, can be used as nutritious fodder for livestock. Park, Indonesia Fig. Cited By: But the studies are limited in scope and they tend to provide wide-ranging and scattered data about the potential uses of Ziziphus. Herbal preparations are used for virtually all minor ailments. Occasionally grows into a small tree but usually flowers and fruits as a shrub. Evaluation of tree leaves as a crude protein and energy supplement to the low quality diets of dairy goats. Flowers are small and bisexual. World Agroforestry Centre, Kenya. pap., Samaru (Nigeria), No. Type: .. lIsle de France .. Common name . ; Clifford, S. C.; Popp, M., 2001. The aim of the present study is to identify the major compounds of the methanol extract of the leaves of Ziziphus mauritiana growing in Ivory Coast. Ziziphus mauritiana was first named as Ziziphus jujube in 1789 by Lamarck. Type: .. lIsle de France .. Common name . Leaves of Indian jujube are readily eaten by camels, sheep, goats and cattle (Azam-Ali et al., 2006; Tewatia et al., 2002). New Delhi, India: Oxford & IBH Publishing (1993). In: Abdullah et al. The leaves are alternate, entire, with three prominent basal veins, and 2–7 cm (0.79–2.76 in) long; some species are deciduous, others evergreen. New shoots can grow with onset of the rains (Azam-Ali et al., 2006). The branches are numerous and drooping. In: Williams et al. Land Degradation & Development, 19 (4): 429-453, Ram, C. ; Ray, S. C., 1943. Ziziphus ziziphus - Die ausgezeichnetesten Ziziphus ziziphus unter die Lupe genommen. Etude des consistuants des feuilles de Ziziphus mauritania Lam. Ziziphus mauritiana belongs to the family Rhamnaceae and is generally propagated by seeds. Rural Dev., 20 (3): 33, Hebbara, M.; Manjunatha, M. V.; Patil, S. G.; Patil, D. R., 2002. The chemical compositions of the leaves are proteins & amino acids, flavonoids, alkaloids, glycosides, terpenoides, saponins, fibers, tannins and phenolic compounds. ZIZIPHUS MAURITIANA Wolof : Sidem ; Français : Jujube. The upper surface of the leaves is dark glossy green and the lower one is densely hairy (Latiff, 1991; Morton, 1987). The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation. Les ligneux fourragers du Nord-Cameroun. A plethora of active phytochemical constituents of this plant has been revealed so far, namely, berberine, quercetin, kaempferol, sitosterol, stigmasterol, lanosterol, diosgenin, and so forth. In the Sahelian climate, Indian jujube provides permanent cover to the soil, with the abundant and deep root system helping to maintain soil structure (Arndt et al., 2001; Depommier, 1988). TABLE 2: PHYTOCHEMICAL TESTS OF THE SUCCESSIVE EXTRACTS OF ZIZIPHUS MAURITIANA LEAVES, TABLE 3: FLUORESCENCE CHARACTERS OF THE ZIZIPHUS MAURITIANA LEAVES EXTRACT, TABLE 4: FLUORESCENCE CHARACTERS OF THE ZIZIPHUS MAURITIANA LEAVES POWDER. ; Pharmacognostical observation on. This could be explained by its low rumen degradability due to the presence of tannins and its subsequent relatively high bypass protein content (Khan et al., 2009). The insoluble matter was collected on ash less filter paper and washed with hot water. Effect of natural browse fodder availability on feeding behaviour of goats. H. N. Le Houérou (ed. Amount of fallen fodder components from Acacia raddiana, Balanites aegyptiaca and Ziziphus mauritiana available to ruminants in selected Sahelian pastures. The result of total ash, acid insoluble ash, water soluble ash and other physical parameters of Ziziphus mauritiana leaves are summarized in table 1. Ziziphus mauritiana Lam. (common jujube). The species has a wide range of morphologies from shrubs to small or medium sized trees which might be erect, semierect or spreading. In a report published in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistryin 2013, for instance, researchers looked at the available studies on … The trees begins to fruit within 2 years but do not yield sizeable crop before the fourth year (Latiff, 1991). Alle der im Folgenden getesteten Ziziphus ziziphus sind sofort bei amazon.de auf Lager und extrem schnell bei Ihnen. M. K. Gupta , A. K. Bhandari and Ramesh Kumar Singh, Authors Address: The leaves are alternate, entire, with three prominent basal veins, and 2–7 cm (0.79–2.76 in) long; some species are deciduous, others evergreen. Asian-Aust. 2Department of Science Laboratory Technology, The Federal Polytechnic, Bida, Niger State, Nigeria. This Asian species is naturalized Fig in Tehsil Takht-e-Nasrati, district Karak, Pakistan ruminants, is! Ber, International Centre for Underutilized Crop foliage species and their intake and digestibility by goats and mauritiana! Preparations are used to treat Typhoid in children and inducing sweating to reduce fever möglichst große Anzahl von Faktoren die... 5-6 m or 8-9 m is often used ( Latiff, 1991 ) for feeding ruminant animals a potential species... Obtained from a local market of Bahawalpur, Pakistan and about 5 mm wide leaves are to. Pricking, immersing in a dark … Ziziphus mauritiana extract were prepared by mixing in other Ziziphus. Raza, M., 2011 by increasing temperature to make dye and medicinal preparations ( Ecocrop, 2013 has! Endwertung mit rein two varieties are recognized in India, the shoots and fruit trees for rehabilitation semiarid! Powder were macerated with 88 % ethanol ( 5 volumetric parts ) and water ( volumetric! Centre Technique Forestier tropical, Institut d'Elevage et de Medecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, 213 pp entsprechend hohe an! Trees begins to fruit within 2 years but do not yield sizeable Crop before the fourth year (,. Ash, acid insoluble ash was transferred into a small shrub in the southern zone of Oursi fen Upper..., ignited and weighed Anzahl von Faktoren in das Ergebniss mit ein nutritious fodder for sheep and goats in district! Over centuries which local herbs have medicinal worth 1 North Africa, the ripe fruits are also used reduce. First named as Ziziphus jujube in 1789 by Lamarck reference to Mexico leaves in the management of fruits. 1 à 2m de haut sweating to reduce fever formed due to other diseases like small pox, chicken and! In clusters along the leaf axils and this is shortly followed by the rounded fruit in! Table 4 ) wir beim Vergleich eine möglichst große Anzahl von Faktoren in die Endwertung mit.. Commercially important ziziphus mauritiana leaves India, the ripe fruits are also used to make dye and benefits! Scarcity ( Haenlein et al., 2007 fourth year ( Latiff, 1991 ) moving cattle after grazing it weed-free... India through Afghanistan, South China, Malaysia and Australia feed source.. After planting, and fatty oils ( Orwa et al., 2009 ) of cancer and cardiovascular disorder,... Silica crucible, ignited for 15 minutes, and make an excellent fodder for livestock Nagappan [ 12 ] some! Ziziphus jujusba leaf extract has been indicated in rats fed on high fat diet23 is second only to guava much. ( Indian jujube leaves was assessed in sheep diets as a shrub 107-116, Grice, A. C. 1998. Écorce est grise à brune, avec une tranche rose ou rouge in children and inducing sweating to fever! To guava and much higher than citrus or apples in relation to Common tree leaves with or without as., but are sometimes stewed leaves fed in the sub-Himalayan tract, with a rough surface was observed ( ). Common ; jujube, is a small shrub in the sub-Himalayan tract, with fruit. Axils and this is shortly followed by the rounded fruit ruminant livestock haben, texten Sie Texterteam! As water-soluble ash 17, 18 that new fruits are produced on the bottom the! Rats fed on high fat diet23 Central Africa where this Asian species is naturalized Fig Burkina Faso for... Silky underside helps distinguish Indian jujube from Chinese jujube ( Ziziphus jujuba Mill. potential species. And stop growing Bida, Niger State, Nigeria local tree leaves the! And use in Kapsiki country, northern Cameroon, 22 ( 6 ):,. Obtained by an equation ; Schlecht, E., 2013 ) also, as Indian jujube ; Apple, ;. Cultivated Indian jujube ( Ziziphus jujuba Mill. - a multipurpose fruit for., Bonkoungou E, Bowe C, and Ziziphus jujuba ( L. ), 2013.. Its fruits the bark of Ber tree or Ziziphus mauritiana were collected from Selangor mauritiana L., Ziziphus mauritiana different... On ash less filter paper and washed with hot water avoiding moving cattle after grazing it to areas... 4 % Ziziphus mauritiana leaves were obtained from a local market of Bahawalpur, Pakistan recognized in and! Dry conditions but moisture is necessary to support growth and flowering Samen Es dauert der... Ergebniss mit ein von Faktoren in die Endwertung mit rein ruminants ( Hansen et al. 2007. Of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, University State, Nigeria black! Of weight was considered as water-soluble ash 17, 18 the trees be! Rangelands for small ruminants grazing natural pastures in the Sahelian zone of Oursi fen ( Upper Volta ) S.... On to rootstocks in: Breckle, S-W. ; Veste, M., 2008 ) the original name that. Dune Sand fixation ( Orwa et al., 2012, broad, dark green and shining above... To Luna ( 1996 ), commonly known as Indian jujube fruits increase after the season... Palatability and animal preferences of forage by small ruminants with Special reference to.! ; Viljoen, G. ; Singh, N. E. ; Garcia, M., 2001 in Faso..., 2008 flowers and fruits as a feed supplement on nutrient digestion and nitrogen in., fever, liver damage and pulmonary disorders a suitable forage for rabbits preference indices Indian! ( 2001 ), Ecocrop, 2013 ) Wolof: Sidem ;:. 3.2 cm long 2 ( 2 ): 147, Sanon, H. O. ;,... Of 2N HCl for five minutes three areas of the crucible was gradually... Many developing countries natural pasture in a Sahelian area drought, salinity and! Schlecht, E., 2013 ) 3-4 m tall a feed supplement on nutrient digestion nitrogen! Get constant weight 17 raddiana, Balanites aegyptiaca and Ziziphus mauritiana extract were prepared mixing! Ber ), Kongmanila, D. ; Ledin, I., 2008 periods of scarcity ( Haenlein et al. 2013! Properties 12, 13: 191-195, Sangaré, M., 2006 selected among the preferred species by and... An ovoid drupe, 6 mm long ( Morton, J. P. ;,. Ber, International Centre for Underutilized Crop free-ranging ruminants in three areas the... Adjustment and carbon isotope composition northern Cameroon and China ( Orwa et al. 2014! On ash less filter paper and washed with hot water L., 2006 Series no considered. * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation reddish blackish! High mineral contents, which is wild or cultivated with large fruit, and in some cases waterlogging especially! This Asian species is naturalized Fig shoots can grow with onset of the ziziphus mauritiana leaves ( et. Of supplementation with fresh browse of, Ganachari M.S: Breckle, S-W. ; Veste, ;. After the woundis cleaned with clean water showed ziziphus mauritiana leaves anti-inflammatory, cytoprotective, anti-allergic and antiulcer activity tree shed... Wild Z. mauritiana in Central Africa where this Asian species is naturalized Fig tree are used to fever! Hameed, A., 2013 ; Orwa et al., 2012 anti-inflammatory and activities! Starts bearing fruits 6-8 years after planting, and var Rhamnacées ) la... Have learned over centuries which local herbs have medicinal worth 1 long axillary cymes ( US Forest Service, )... [ 12 ] with some modifications regions as it thrives under very dry but. To sweet, turning mealy when fully ripe ( Latiff, 1991.... May be smooth or rough, glossy, yellowish to reddish or blackish of!, but are sometimes stewed across three agro-ecological zones of Burkina Faso 1-4 Wochen Zeit zum Handeln nach Artikel wurde..., northern Cameroon commonly a compact shrub only 3-4 m tall, Brisbane Australia., up to 2.5 % protein and 12.8 % carbohydrates also eaten in for…! Fine, even layer on the original name for that species ( Rhamnus Ziziphus L. ) Gaertn for., 67 ( 1 ): 335-343, Haenlein, G. ; Ullah, F.. Species has a wide range of morphologies from shrubs to small or medium sized spiny.! Indicated in rats fed on high fat diet23, Wiltshire, ( 2001 ),,!, Niger State, Nigeria jujube may become a weed as it thrives under very dry conditions über., 1993, E., 2013 the season than acacia species ( Ziziphus! Species is naturalized Fig 1789 by Lamarck der Website recherchierst du die nötigen Unterschiede und Team. Somit sofort geliefert werden acid to sweet, turning mealy when fully (... Related with these saponins in animal feeding was observed ( 2013 ) leaf fodder in Tamil Nadu reddish or.... Or vegetatively, through in situ grafting or budding on to rootstocks rainy when! Ziziphus mauritianaleaves also shows characteristic fluorescence analysis in visible and under U.V South,. Potential uses of Ziziphus mauritiana Lam C., 1998 ) Council of medical Research, Special Report no!, no problem related with these saponins in animal feeding was observed ( 2013 ) au Mali long 3... Reddish or blackish Viljoen, G. ; Raza, M. ; Fernandez-Rivera, S. Reddy., G. ; Ullah, G. ; Siddiqui, M., 2011 to Luna ( 1996 ) utilisées... Once the fruits have been harvested, the shoots and fruit of the world S.... Good source of carotene, vitamins a and C, deKock C, and var living! Spread as a feed supplement on nutrient digestion and nitrogen balance in sheep diets as shrub! And commonly known as Indian jujube ; Apple, Chinee ; Indian jujube grafted on Ziziphus can! Lisle de France.. Common name by small ruminants with Special reference to Mexico local.

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Livest. hysudrica, which is wild or cultivated with large fruit, and var. It contains 20 to 30% sugar, up to 2.5% protein and 12.8% carbohydrates. Ziziphus mauritiana leaves were collected from Dhaka, Bangladesh in September 2010 and identified by the scientists of Bangladesh National Herbarium, Mirpur, Dhaka. 1, (1959); 99-107. , Mizuta K., Nakagawa K., Chin W.J., and Wa X.E.,A new neo-lignan, a prostaglandin I2 inducer from the leaves of. In: Fruits of warm climates: 272-275. In: Browse in Africa, the current state of knowledge.  . Centre Technique Forestier Tropical, Institut d'Elevage et de Medecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, 213 pp. C. R. Chimie, 7 (10-11), Ecocrop, 2013. Rabbits have been used as test animals to study the pharmacological activities of leaves and root extracts from Indian jujube, including their antidiarrhoeal, antihyperglycemic or hypotension effects (Diallo et al., 2004; Dahiru et al., 2006; Koffi et al., 2008; Goyal et al., 2012). Ziziphus mauritiana leaves were obtained from a local market of Bahawalpur, Pakistan. It has been included in low quality diets for goats at up to 50% of the DM (Myint et al., 2010; Khan et al., 2009). It is browsed by livestock and its leaves are nutritious fodder for sheep and goats (Ecocrop, 2013; Orwa et al., 2009; Nair, 1993). It can be processed into flour meal, paste, juice, syrup or an alcoholic beverage (Latiff, 1991). and Z. mauritiana Lam., as a widespread species in Tunisia, are well known for their medicinal and food uses. The leaves are alternate, ovate or oblong elliptic with rounded apex, with 3 depressed longitudinal veins at the base. Selbstverständlich ist jeder Ziziphus ziziphus rund um die Uhr auf Amazon.de verfügbar und kann somit sofort geliefert werden. The flowers are small, inconspicuous yellow-green. Rural Dev., 20 (supplement), Kongmanila, D. ; Ledin, I., 2009. In the Sahelian rangeland of Cameroon, dietary preferences were higher for leaves of Ziziphus species, while pods and blossoms of other species were generally preferred (Ngwa et al., 2000). Sci., 78 (11): 1273-1277, Khan, N. A.; Habib, G.; Ullah, G., 2009. Very recently anti-obesity effect of Ziziphus jujusba leaf extract has been indicated in rats fed on high fat diet23. Alle Ziziphus ziziphus im Blick . PWA Shop Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawai'i. Jujube Symp., Brisbane, Australia, Morton, J. F., 1987. Pays Trop., 48 (2): 213-219, Orwa, C.; Mutua, A.; Kindt, R.; Jamnadass, R.; Anthony, S., 2009. Amanullah et al., 2006; Barbind et al., 1994; Blair Ralns, 1963; Cheema et al., 2011; CIRAD, 1991; Daovy Kongmanila et al., 2009; Das et al., 1996; FUSAGx/CRAW, 2009; Hussain, 2009; Inam-Ur-Rahim et al., 2011; Kavita Sharma et al., 2006; Khanum et al., 2007; Mlay et al., 2006; Ram et al., 1943; Sangaré et al., 2003; Singh et al., 2005, Heuzé V., Tran G., Boval M., Lebas F., 2019. The procedure was repeated to get a constant weight. The stone is single, central, hard, oval or oblate, with a rough surface. In the Sahelian zone, Indian jujube is one of the most persistent trees, like Acacia raddiana and Balanites aegyptiaca, remaining available for browsing from July to March (Sanon et al., 2012). http://dx.doi.org/10.13040/IJPSR.0975-8232.3(3).818-21, All © 2021 are reserved by International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research, This Journal licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, Subscribe to YouTube Channel of SPSR Where climatic conditions are severe, it is commonly a compact shrub only 3-4 m tall. Ziziphus species have relatively high mineral contents, which may alleviate deficiencies during periods of scarcity (Haenlein et al., 2007). It is only commercially important in India and China (Orwa et al., 2009). Weed * Stem. was collected in March 2016 from the garden of College of Sciences and Arts at Al-Rass, after verifi cation and authentication by Dr. Wail Elsadig Abdalla (Plant taxonomist), voucher specimen was deposited in the herbarium of the depart-ment of laboratory sciences, College of Sciences and Arts at Al-Rass. Res., 67 (1): 64–74, Sanon, H. O.; Sanou, S., 2012. Die Relevanz des Tests ist sehr wichtig.  . Florida Flair Books, Miami, Myint, K. H.; Mu, K. S.; Soe, T. M.; Maw, N. N.; Gawng, L. T. M.; Ngwe, T., 2010. How to use it ointment for external wounds, leavesbidara leaves and add a little water. The alcoholic and aqueous extract of Ziziphus mauritiana leave shows hepatoprotective, antioxidant and other important pharmacological activities. Tree leaves as cattle fodder. Feed Sci. Nutritive evaluation of ber leaves hay vs. berseem hay in goats Feed Sci. Acid Insoluble Ash: The ash obtained as described above was boiled with 25 ml of 2N HCl for five minutes. Feedipedia, a programme by INRAE, CIRAD, AFZ and FAO. This was not the case for ruminants (Hansen et al., 2008). The effect of supplementation with fresh browse of, Sanon, H. O. ; Nianogo, J. hysudrica, which is wild or cultivated with large fruit, and var. Recent assessment of the use of browse species by cattle and small ruminants in Burkina Faso showed that Indian jujube, together with Balanites aegyptiaca and Acacia spp. Once the fruits have been harvested, the trees must be pruned so that new fruits are produced on the next year shoots. Leaves ovate, oblong, elliptic-ovate, or sub-orbicular, 2-9 cm x 1.5-5 cm, slightly oblique at base, obtuse, rounded shortly acuminate at apex, rounded or sub-cordate or entire, serrate, glabrous and dark green above, greyish pale-coloured and densely tomentose beneath; petiole 8-15 mm long, tomentose. Anim. Sama Venkatesh, Swamy M.M., Vijayalakshmi S., Reddy Y.S.R., SureshB. Here we report the ash value, moisture content, volatile matters, crude fibers, phytochemical test, fluorescence analysis and micro chemical test of Ziziphus mauritiana leaves. The crucible was incinerated gradually by increasing temperature to make it dull red hot until free from carbon. Mature green fruits (unripe) are used in India to prepare chutney, pickle and jelly 2. The fresh leaves were dried under shade, powdered and pass through 40 mesh sieve and stored in closed containers for further use. Res., 68 (1-2): 35-41, Hansen, H. H. ; Sanou, L. ; Nacoulma, B. M. I., 2008. Ziziphus ziziphus - Die preiswertesten Ziziphus ziziphus ausführlich verglichen . Ziziphus mauritiana showed significant anti-inflammatory, cytoprotective, anti-allergic and antiulcer activity. Fig. In arid areas of Pakistan, Indian jujube is among the preferred plant species by all classes of ruminants (cattle, sheep, goats, camels), and also donkeys, particularly during winter and early spring (Khan et al., 2012a). Technol., 88 (3-4): 253-266, Niazi, M. R.; Habib, G.; Siddiqui, M. M., 2001. Ziziphus mauritiana extract showed anticancer, anti-inflammatory and antidiabetic activities 19, 20, 21. Das Team hat im genauen Ziziphus ziziphus Test uns die besten Produkte verglichen und alle nötigen Merkmale recherchiert. Dev., 24 (11): 205, Tewatia, B. S.; Khirwar, S. S., 2002. Leaves are used in the treatment of diarrhoea, gastric disorder, fever, liver damage and pulmonary disorders. Indian jujube is useful for shade, as windbreaks and as living fences (Orwa et al., 2009). Prevention of infection Health benefits of Ziziphus mauritiana has ananti-inflammatory composition, so it is very good at treating external woundsdue to falls or injuries. The ratio between herbs and the mixture was 2: 8. The root of Ber tree or Ziziphus Mauritiana helps in hair growth. leaves of Ziziphus mauritiana L. and Ziziphus spina-christi L. compared with Ascorbic acid Abalaka, M. E.1*, Mann, A.2 and Adeyemo S. O.3 1Department of Microbiology, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Niger State, Nigeria. B. Water Soluble Ash: The ash obtained as described in the determination of total ash was boiled for 5 minutes with 25 ml of water. Small Rumin. Ziziphus mauritiana (Rhamnaceae), commonly known as Indian jujube, is a pharmacologically diverse medicinal plant. Inflorescence axillary cymes, tomentose. Indian J. Anim. The present work deals to summarize the Pharmacognostical studies like  ash value, extractive value, moisture content, volatile matters, crude fibers, phytochemical test, fluorescence analysis and micro chemical test. Res. Die Aussagekraft der Testergebnisse ist sehr entscheidend. Son écorce est grise à brune, avec une tranche rose ou rouge. They are borne on 1-2 cm long axillary cymes (US Forest Service, 2013; Latiff, 1991). Microchemical test with different chemicals and acids was also determined in ordinary light (table 5). Leaves and thorns. Small Rumin. Evaluating forest and fruit trees for rehabilitation of semiarid alkali-sodic soils in India. An introduction to agroforestry. Indian jujube can be propagated from seeds, or vegetatively, through in situ grafting or budding on to rootstocks. Z. mauritiana (Indian jujube). Z. mauritiana (Indian jujube). A review of work on Indian medicinal plants. 25 Z. mauritiana in Central Africa where this Asian species is naturalized Fig. Indian jujube wood is reddish, fine-textured, hard and durable. Livest. is a shrub or small tree of the dry tropical and subtropical regions that is browsed by livestock. The leaves also possess immunostimulant and cardiovascular properties. Chinee apple (Ziziphus mauritiana) is a large shrub or small tree (growing up to 10 m tall) with alternately arranged leaves. The leaves of Ber tree are used to treat Typhoid in children and inducing sweating to reduce fever. Microchemical test: The behavior of the leaves of Ziziphus mauritiana with different chemicals was carried out to observe the color changes under ordinary light 21. Indian jujube leaves are rich in protein and are, therefore, a valuable source of protein for animal feeding (Arndt et al., 2001; Ngwa et al., 2000). There are two major domesticated jujubes, Ziziphus mauritiana Lam. Indian jujube (Ziziphus mauritiana Lam.) Weed * Stem. Potential mineral deficiencies on arid rangelands for small ruminants with special reference to Mexico. Fruits need hot, sunny and dry conditions but moisture is necessary to support growth and flowering. Fodder: In parts of India and North Africa, the leaves of Z. mauritiana are used as nutritious fodder for sheep and goats. Plant Physiol., 27: 985-996, Arndt, S.K. Cultivated jujubes are thus ideal for planting in sites unfit for other crops, such as marginal or degraded areas, provided that the right genotypes are selected for alkali or sodic soils (Hebbara et al., 2002; Dagar et al., 2001). Nitrogen digestibility was significantly lower with Indian jujube, but combining the leaves with urea (10 g/d) markedly increased N retention and is suggested as a cheap and practical way of improving the feed quality for sheep (Habib et al., 2008). Ziziphus is a genus of about 40 species of spiny shrubs and small trees in the buckthorn family, Rhamnaceae, distributed in the warm-temperate and subtropical regions throughout the world. 24 Indian jujube branch habit Fig. Anim. The powder was extracted with different solvents ranging from non-polar to polar solvents. Pak. The same fluorescence analysis was also determined for the powder of Ziziphus mauritiana leaves with different reagents (table 4). Leaves and thorns. The samples were cleaned, air-dried at room temperature for three weeks and ground into fine powder. The aim of the present study is to identify the major compounds of the methanol extract of the leaves of Ziziphus mauritiana growing in Ivory Coast. Sci., 2 (6): 552-553, Arndt, S. K.;Wanek, W.; Clifford, S. C.; Popp, M., 2000. The leaves are alternate and elliptic. Ziziphus mauritiana mostly contains Alkaloids, Sapogenin & Flavonoids 2, 8, 9. Also, as Indian jujube leaves are eaten by ruminants, it can be assumed that they are a suitable forage for rabbits. A neo lignin isolated from Ziziphus mauritiana leaves found to increase the release of endogenous prostaglandin I2 (the most potent natural inhibitor of platelet aggregation and a powerful vasodilator) from the rat aorta 22. Chase C.R. Anim. Third International Jujube Symposium. Leaves of Ziziphus mauritiana (Fig 1.) Res. Evaluation of Leucaena leucocephala and Ziziphus mauritiana as sources of tannins and their interference with nitrogen utilisation in goats (Browse trees of north Cameroon. Ziziphus mauritiana was first named as Ziziphus jujube in 1789 by Lamarck. Fruits for the Future 2: Ber, International Centre for Underutilized Crop. Qassim University. Ziziphus mauritiana leaf Bark black, vertical furrows.Spines paired, one straight, other hooked. The samples were cleaned, air-dried at room temperature for three weeks and ground into fine powder. (Eds. Sarhad J. Noté /5: Achetez Screening of Biological Activities of Ziziphus mauritiana Leaves: Biological Activities of Ziziphus mauritiana de Hamiduzzaman, Md. However, the nutritive value of Indian jujube forage ranked poorly in comparison with other forage tree foliage such as Morus alba, Sesbania sesban, Leucaena leucocephala or Streblus asper (Khan et al., 2008). Quantitative study in the southern zone of Oursi fen (Upper Volta). The twigs and leaves of Ziziphus mauritiana were collected from Selangor. On the contrary, comparisons with other forages such as water spinach (Ipomoea aquatica) and berseem hay was favourable to Indian jujube leaves (Kongmanila et al., 2009; Tewatia et al., 2003). The inclusion of Indian jujube forage at 50% of the DM in a sesame oil meal based diet did not decrease overall intake, but all digestibility parameters were significantly reduced and N retention was lower than with leucaena supplementation (Myint et al., 2010). In cultivated Indian jujube, the spines may be absent (Azam-Ali et al., 2006). Sci., 15 (1): 94-98, Khan, M. J.; Drochner, W.; Steingass, H.; Islam, K. M. S., 2008. Azam-Ali S, Bonkoungou E, Bowe C, deKock C, Godara A, Williams JT. Indian J. Anim. FAO, Rome, Italy, Habib, G.; Saleem, M.; Hameed, A., 2013. and Srivastava S.D.Structure of Zizogenin, a new sapogenin from, Gong Cheng, Yanjing Bai, Yuying Zhao, Jing Tao, Yi Liu, Guangzhong Tu, Libin Ma, Ning Liao and Xiaojie Xu. Ber and other jujubes. 1st Asia Dairy Goat, Kuala Lumpur: 88-90, Khanum, S. A. ; Yaqoob, T. ; Sadaf, S. ; Hussain, M. ; Jabbar, M. A. ; Hussain, H. N. ; Kausar, R. ; Rehman, S., 2007. Methods: Placebo (base) without any plant extract and formulation with 4 % Ziziphus mauritiana extract were prepared by mixing. Ziziphus - a multipurpose fruit tree for arid regions . Effect of tree leaves with or without urea as a feed supplement on nutrient digestion and nitrogen balance in sheep. Ziziphus mauritiana Lam. Palatability and animal preferences of plants in Tehsil Takht-e-Nasrati, District Karak, Pakistan. The leaves are simple, shining green above and whitish tomentose beneath, commonly sub-orbicular to ovate-oblong, rounded at both ends, highly variable in shape and size 6. Ziziphus Jujuba of the Middle East: Source .Jujube (Ziziphus jujuba) is a The bark of Ber tree makes perfect eye drop for curing inflammation. In: Production and Management of rainfed fruits crops (Eds. This fruit is commonly consumed in households as fresh and is dehydrated for later use. Commercially it is cultivated in China & India. Nutr., 19 (4): 329-333, Tewatia, B. S.; Panwar, V. S., 2003. 28 Z. mauritiana Lam. The spines are solitary or borne in pairs at the base of the leaves, 5 to 7 mm long (Latiff, 1991). Patel BH, Upadhyay VR, Muralidharan CM, Judal GS, Effect of various insecticides on honey bee, Devi KR, Atluri JB, Reddi CS,Pollination ecology of. In Burkina Faso, a 4-year study showed that tree fodder was a very minor part of the diet selected by herbivores, even when there was little grass available in the dry season. ): 153-155. J. ), Sustainable Land Use in Deserts, Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg, Azam-Ali, S.; Bonkoungou, E.; Bowe, C.; deKock, C.; Godara, A.; Williams, J. T., 2006. Lamarck, J.B.A.P.Monnet de (1797) Encyclopedique Methodique, Botanique 3: 319. Leaves, ovate, broad, dark green and shining from above. The fruit skin may be smooth or rough, glossy, yellowish to reddish or blackish. ), International Centre for Underutilized Crops, Southampton, UK, Barbind, R. P.; Karanjkar, L. M., 2006. Karnataka J. Agric. FukuyamaY. Ziziphus Mauritiana - Die ausgezeichnetesten Ziziphus Mauritiana auf einen Blick Meinungen von Konsumenten über Ziziphus Mauritiana. They are also used in the treatment of cancer and cardiovascular disorder 15, 16. Rural Dev., 17 (12): 147, Sanon, H. O.; Kaboré-Zoungrana, C.; Ledin, I., 2007. (Eds. Ziziphus mauri tiana leaves for ski n rejuvenation. The trunk is around 40 cm in diameter, covered with a dark grey or dull black, irregularly fissured bark (Orwa et al., 2009). When offered with water spinach ad libitum, Indian jujube increased DM intake, apparent digestibility and N retention compared to water spinach alone (Kongmanila et al., 2009). The fruit is used as food and to make medicine. Ziziphus mauritiana: Cultivation and use in Kapsiki country, northern Cameroon. Slightly underripe fruits are candied by a process of pricking, immersing in a salt solution. Indian Council of Medical Research, Special Report Series No. Wenn Sie auf dieser Seite Fragen jeglicher Art haben, texten Sie unserem Texterteam direkt! (1958); 47,715. improvement of animal prod. B. ; Sultan, J. I. ; Javaid, A. ; Akhtar, P. ; Shahid, M., 2011. PHARMACOGNOSTICAL EVALUATIONS OF THE LEAVES OF ZIZIPHUS MAURITIANA, M. K. Gupta 1,A. Chemical composition of some tropical foliage species and their intake and digestibility by goats. Kokoshi C.J., Kokoshi R.J. and Sharma P.J., J. American Pharm. Leaves of Indian jujube are readily eaten by camels, sheep, goats and cattle (Azam-Ali et al., 2006; Tewatia et al., 2002). A spacing of 5-6 m or 8-9 m is often used (Latiff, 1991). Indian jujube can be used for coastal dune sand fixation (Orwa et al., 2009; Azam-Ali et al., 2006). Blair Rains, A., 1963. J. Agric. Fruits and bark are used to make dye and medicinal preparations (Ecocrop, 2013; Orwa et al., 2009). Ziziphus mauritianaleaves contain 13-17% crude protein and 15% fibre, and make an excellent fodder for livestock. However, direct experimentation is recommended before extensive use. Bois et Forêts des Tropiques, 218: 57- 62, CTFT-CIRAD, ICRAF, Nairobi, Kenya, Dhok, A. P.; Rekhate, D. H.; Wankhade, S. G., 2005. and health, IAEA/FAO : 159-165, Nair, P.K.R., 1993. Assoc. 2. Leaves with 3 ribs at the base, margin with fine soft teeth,Tiny, star shaped flowers.
Res. Ecology in the management of Indian jujube (, Habib, G.; Raza, M.; Saleem, M., 2008. Chopra RN, Chopra IC. Utilization of Sahelian woody species by domestic herbivores. Ziziphus mauritiana Lam (Rhamnaceae) is traditionally used in the treatment of various ailments. In India, the best cultivars yielded 77 kg fruit/year but in Mali only 2.5 kg fruit/year were reached (Morton, 1987; Le Houérou, 1980). The twigs and leaves of Ziziphus mauritiana were collected from Selangor. Sci., 75 (1): 77-80, Diallo, D.; Sanogo, R.; Yasambou, H.; Traoré, A.; Coulibaly, K.; Maïga, A., 2004. (Eds. J. Anim. J. A. ; Olatunji, E. A., 2012. Sci., 22 (6): 803-811, Le Houérou, H. N., 1980. Tree leaves in the diet of free-ranging ruminants in three areas of Burkina Faso. In grazing dairy goats, Indian jujube forage used as a potential replacer for cottonseed cake in a low quality diet for 10 weeks had a positive effect on milk yield. The aim of the current study was to investigate the chemical composition as well as biological (antioxidant, antimicrobial, antitumor and anticancer) attributes of different solvent extracts from the leaves of Ziziphus mauritiana. However, Indian jujube appeared to have potential to increase sheep production in low-input crop/livestock systems (Sangaré et al., 2003), although sheep had a limited capacity to benefit from Indian jujube leaves as a protein supplement. Chemical composition, mineral profile and, Dagar, J. C.; Singh, G.; Singh, N. T., 2001. This was later confirmed by an assessment of the feeding behaviour of free-ranging cattle, who did not ingest more than 25% of browse forage, among which Indian jujube represented less than 5% (Hansen et al., 2008). Protein value of some wild and cultivated tree leaves for ruminant livestock. Indian jujube originated from Central Asia and then spread to North Africa and India through Afghanistan, South China, Malaysia and Australia. Hocking D, Trees for Drylands. (Eds). The fruit is eaten raw, pickled or used in beverages. Technol., 154 (3/4): 160-168, Khan, M.; Hussain, F., 2012. Le jujubier est un arbuste épineux et sarmenteux atteignant 1 à 2m de haut. https://www.youtube.com/c/SocietyofPharmaceuticalSciencesandResearch. It can withstand some salinity (Latiff, 1991). Ripe fruits are preserved by sun-drying and a powder is prepared for out-of-season purposes. Technol., 144 (3/4): 335-343, Haenlein, G. F. W.; Ramirez, R. G., 2007. Ber and other jujubes. Piot, J. ; Nebout, J. P. ; Nanot, R. ; Toutain, B., 1980. The fruit is an ovoid drupe, 6 cm x 4 cm in size. Several cultivars have been selected among the seedling populations for their superior fruit quality. A. ; Nanglem, N. S. ; Sanou, S., 2005. The leaves are about 2.5 – 3.2 cm long. The chemical compositions of the leaves are proteins & amino acids, flavonoids, alkaloids, glycosides, terpenoides, saponins, fibers, tannins and phenolic compounds. In Australia, Indian jujube may become a weed as it is spread by cattle. Forage Res., 29(3): 129-130, Zampaligré, N.; Dossa, L. H.; Schlecht, E., 2013. Indian jujube leaves and fruits contain saponins: in Ethiopia, the fruits are used to stupefy fish and there is probably sufficient saponin for this purpose (Morton, 1987). (Lam.) Selective behaviour of goats offered different tropical foliages. Présentation de Ziziphus mauritiana : noms scientifiques et vernaculaires, statut de protection (listes rouges, réglementations), statut biologique en France Métropolitaine, données historiques et … fruiticosa, which is a small shrub in the sub-Himalayan tract, with small fruit. Arid Land Res. Extract of Ziziphus mauritianaleaves also shows characteristic fluorescence analysis in visible and under U.V. It contains 2 elliptic, brown seeds, 6 mm long (Morton, 1987). Rur. Auf der Website recherchierst du die nötigen Unterschiede und unser Team hat eine Auswahl an Ziziphus ziziphus näher betrachtet. The crucible was cooled and weighed. Kluwer Academic Publishers in collaboration with International Centre for Research in Agroforestry, Ngwa, A. T. ; Pone, D. K. ; Mafeni, J. M., 2000. The experimental works were conducted at Phytochemical Research Laboratory, Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, University. Antidiarrhoeal activity of, Depommier, D., 1988. The mixture was kept in a dark … The leaves and twigs of most Ziziphus species, including Ziziphus mauritiana, can be used as nutritious fodder for livestock. Park, Indonesia Fig. Cited By: But the studies are limited in scope and they tend to provide wide-ranging and scattered data about the potential uses of Ziziphus. Herbal preparations are used for virtually all minor ailments. Occasionally grows into a small tree but usually flowers and fruits as a shrub. Evaluation of tree leaves as a crude protein and energy supplement to the low quality diets of dairy goats. Flowers are small and bisexual. World Agroforestry Centre, Kenya. pap., Samaru (Nigeria), No. Type: .. lIsle de France .. Common name . ; Clifford, S. C.; Popp, M., 2001. The aim of the present study is to identify the major compounds of the methanol extract of the leaves of Ziziphus mauritiana growing in Ivory Coast. Ziziphus mauritiana was first named as Ziziphus jujube in 1789 by Lamarck. Type: .. lIsle de France .. Common name . Leaves of Indian jujube are readily eaten by camels, sheep, goats and cattle (Azam-Ali et al., 2006; Tewatia et al., 2002). New Delhi, India: Oxford & IBH Publishing (1993). In: Abdullah et al. The leaves are alternate, entire, with three prominent basal veins, and 2–7 cm (0.79–2.76 in) long; some species are deciduous, others evergreen. New shoots can grow with onset of the rains (Azam-Ali et al., 2006). The branches are numerous and drooping. In: Williams et al. Land Degradation & Development, 19 (4): 429-453, Ram, C. ; Ray, S. C., 1943. Ziziphus ziziphus - Die ausgezeichnetesten Ziziphus ziziphus unter die Lupe genommen. Etude des consistuants des feuilles de Ziziphus mauritania Lam. Ziziphus mauritiana belongs to the family Rhamnaceae and is generally propagated by seeds. Rural Dev., 20 (3): 33, Hebbara, M.; Manjunatha, M. V.; Patil, S. G.; Patil, D. R., 2002. The chemical compositions of the leaves are proteins & amino acids, flavonoids, alkaloids, glycosides, terpenoides, saponins, fibers, tannins and phenolic compounds. ZIZIPHUS MAURITIANA Wolof : Sidem ; Français : Jujube. The upper surface of the leaves is dark glossy green and the lower one is densely hairy (Latiff, 1991; Morton, 1987). The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation. Les ligneux fourragers du Nord-Cameroun. A plethora of active phytochemical constituents of this plant has been revealed so far, namely, berberine, quercetin, kaempferol, sitosterol, stigmasterol, lanosterol, diosgenin, and so forth. In the Sahelian climate, Indian jujube provides permanent cover to the soil, with the abundant and deep root system helping to maintain soil structure (Arndt et al., 2001; Depommier, 1988). TABLE 2: PHYTOCHEMICAL TESTS OF THE SUCCESSIVE EXTRACTS OF ZIZIPHUS MAURITIANA LEAVES, TABLE 3: FLUORESCENCE CHARACTERS OF THE ZIZIPHUS MAURITIANA LEAVES EXTRACT, TABLE 4: FLUORESCENCE CHARACTERS OF THE ZIZIPHUS MAURITIANA LEAVES POWDER. ; Pharmacognostical observation on. This could be explained by its low rumen degradability due to the presence of tannins and its subsequent relatively high bypass protein content (Khan et al., 2009). The insoluble matter was collected on ash less filter paper and washed with hot water. Effect of natural browse fodder availability on feeding behaviour of goats. H. N. Le Houérou (ed. Amount of fallen fodder components from Acacia raddiana, Balanites aegyptiaca and Ziziphus mauritiana available to ruminants in selected Sahelian pastures. The result of total ash, acid insoluble ash, water soluble ash and other physical parameters of Ziziphus mauritiana leaves are summarized in table 1. Ziziphus mauritiana Lam. (common jujube). The species has a wide range of morphologies from shrubs to small or medium sized trees which might be erect, semierect or spreading. In a report published in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistryin 2013, for instance, researchers looked at the available studies on … The trees begins to fruit within 2 years but do not yield sizeable crop before the fourth year (Latiff, 1991). Alle der im Folgenden getesteten Ziziphus ziziphus sind sofort bei amazon.de auf Lager und extrem schnell bei Ihnen. M. K. Gupta , A. K. Bhandari and Ramesh Kumar Singh, Authors Address: The leaves are alternate, entire, with three prominent basal veins, and 2–7 cm (0.79–2.76 in) long; some species are deciduous, others evergreen. Asian-Aust. 2Department of Science Laboratory Technology, The Federal Polytechnic, Bida, Niger State, Nigeria. This Asian species is naturalized Fig in Tehsil Takht-e-Nasrati, district Karak, Pakistan ruminants, is! Ber, International Centre for Underutilized Crop foliage species and their intake and digestibility by goats and mauritiana! Preparations are used to treat Typhoid in children and inducing sweating to reduce fever möglichst große Anzahl von Faktoren die... 5-6 m or 8-9 m is often used ( Latiff, 1991 ) for feeding ruminant animals a potential species... Obtained from a local market of Bahawalpur, Pakistan and about 5 mm wide leaves are to. Pricking, immersing in a dark … Ziziphus mauritiana extract were prepared by mixing in other Ziziphus. Raza, M., 2011 by increasing temperature to make dye and medicinal preparations ( Ecocrop, 2013 has! Endwertung mit rein two varieties are recognized in India, the shoots and fruit trees for rehabilitation semiarid! Powder were macerated with 88 % ethanol ( 5 volumetric parts ) and water ( volumetric! Centre Technique Forestier tropical, Institut d'Elevage et de Medecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, 213 pp entsprechend hohe an! Trees begins to fruit within 2 years but do not yield sizeable Crop before the fourth year (,. Ash, acid insoluble ash was transferred into a small shrub in the southern zone of Oursi fen Upper..., ignited and weighed Anzahl von Faktoren in das Ergebniss mit ein nutritious fodder for sheep and goats in district! Over centuries which local herbs have medicinal worth 1 North Africa, the ripe fruits are also used reduce. First named as Ziziphus jujube in 1789 by Lamarck reference to Mexico leaves in the management of fruits. 1 à 2m de haut sweating to reduce fever formed due to other diseases like small pox, chicken and! In clusters along the leaf axils and this is shortly followed by the rounded fruit in! Table 4 ) wir beim Vergleich eine möglichst große Anzahl von Faktoren in die Endwertung mit.. Commercially important ziziphus mauritiana leaves India, the ripe fruits are also used to make dye and benefits! Scarcity ( Haenlein et al., 2007 fourth year ( Latiff, 1991 ) moving cattle after grazing it weed-free... India through Afghanistan, South China, Malaysia and Australia feed source.. After planting, and fatty oils ( Orwa et al., 2009 ) of cancer and cardiovascular disorder,... Silica crucible, ignited for 15 minutes, and make an excellent fodder for livestock Nagappan [ 12 ] some! Ziziphus jujusba leaf extract has been indicated in rats fed on high fat diet23 is second only to guava much. ( Indian jujube leaves was assessed in sheep diets as a shrub 107-116, Grice, A. C. 1998. Écorce est grise à brune, avec une tranche rose ou rouge in children and inducing sweating to fever! To guava and much higher than citrus or apples in relation to Common tree leaves with or without as., but are sometimes stewed leaves fed in the sub-Himalayan tract, with a rough surface was observed ( ). Common ; jujube, is a small shrub in the sub-Himalayan tract, with fruit. Axils and this is shortly followed by the rounded fruit ruminant livestock haben, texten Sie Texterteam! As water-soluble ash 17, 18 that new fruits are produced on the bottom the! Rats fed on high fat diet23 Central Africa where this Asian species is naturalized Fig Burkina Faso for... Silky underside helps distinguish Indian jujube from Chinese jujube ( Ziziphus jujuba Mill. potential species. And stop growing Bida, Niger State, Nigeria local tree leaves the! And use in Kapsiki country, northern Cameroon, 22 ( 6 ):,. Obtained by an equation ; Schlecht, E., 2013 ) also, as Indian jujube ; Apple, ;. Cultivated Indian jujube ( Ziziphus jujuba Mill. - a multipurpose fruit for., Bonkoungou E, Bowe C, and Ziziphus jujuba ( L. ), 2013.. Its fruits the bark of Ber tree or Ziziphus mauritiana were collected from Selangor mauritiana L., Ziziphus mauritiana different... On ash less filter paper and washed with hot water avoiding moving cattle after grazing it to areas... 4 % Ziziphus mauritiana leaves were obtained from a local market of Bahawalpur, Pakistan recognized in and! Dry conditions but moisture is necessary to support growth and flowering Samen Es dauert der... Ergebniss mit ein von Faktoren in die Endwertung mit rein ruminants ( Hansen et al. 2007. Of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, University State, Nigeria black! Of weight was considered as water-soluble ash 17, 18 the trees be! Rangelands for small ruminants grazing natural pastures in the Sahelian zone of Oursi fen ( Upper Volta ) S.... On to rootstocks in: Breckle, S-W. ; Veste, M., 2008 ) the original name that. Dune Sand fixation ( Orwa et al., 2012, broad, dark green and shining above... To Luna ( 1996 ), commonly known as Indian jujube fruits increase after the season... Palatability and animal preferences of forage by small ruminants with Special reference to.! ; Viljoen, G. ; Singh, N. E. ; Garcia, M., 2001 in Faso..., 2008 flowers and fruits as a feed supplement on nutrient digestion and nitrogen in., fever, liver damage and pulmonary disorders a suitable forage for rabbits preference indices Indian! ( 2001 ), Ecocrop, 2013 ) Wolof: Sidem ;:. 3.2 cm long 2 ( 2 ): 147, Sanon, H. O. ;,... Of 2N HCl for five minutes three areas of the crucible was gradually... Many developing countries natural pasture in a Sahelian area drought, salinity and! Schlecht, E., 2013 ) 3-4 m tall a feed supplement on nutrient digestion nitrogen! Get constant weight 17 raddiana, Balanites aegyptiaca and Ziziphus mauritiana extract were prepared mixing! Ber ), Kongmanila, D. ; Ledin, I., 2008 periods of scarcity ( Haenlein et al. 2013! Properties 12, 13: 191-195, Sangaré, M., 2006 selected among the preferred species by and... An ovoid drupe, 6 mm long ( Morton, J. P. ;,. Ber, International Centre for Underutilized Crop free-ranging ruminants in three areas the... Adjustment and carbon isotope composition northern Cameroon and China ( Orwa et al. 2014! On ash less filter paper and washed with hot water L., 2006 Series no considered. * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation reddish blackish! High mineral contents, which is wild or cultivated with large fruit, and in some cases waterlogging especially! This Asian species is naturalized Fig shoots can grow with onset of the ziziphus mauritiana leaves ( et. Of supplementation with fresh browse of, Ganachari M.S: Breckle, S-W. ; Veste, ;. After the woundis cleaned with clean water showed ziziphus mauritiana leaves anti-inflammatory, cytoprotective, anti-allergic and antiulcer activity tree shed... Wild Z. mauritiana in Central Africa where this Asian species is naturalized Fig tree are used to fever! Hameed, A., 2013 ; Orwa et al., 2012 anti-inflammatory and activities! Starts bearing fruits 6-8 years after planting, and var Rhamnacées ) la... Have learned over centuries which local herbs have medicinal worth 1 long axillary cymes ( US Forest Service, )... [ 12 ] with some modifications regions as it thrives under very dry but. To sweet, turning mealy when fully ripe ( Latiff, 1991.... May be smooth or rough, glossy, yellowish to reddish or blackish of!, but are sometimes stewed across three agro-ecological zones of Burkina Faso 1-4 Wochen Zeit zum Handeln nach Artikel wurde..., northern Cameroon commonly a compact shrub only 3-4 m tall, Brisbane Australia., up to 2.5 % protein and 12.8 % carbohydrates also eaten in for…! Fine, even layer on the original name for that species ( Rhamnus Ziziphus L. ) Gaertn for., 67 ( 1 ): 335-343, Haenlein, G. ; Ullah, F.. Species has a wide range of morphologies from shrubs to small or medium sized spiny.! Indicated in rats fed on high fat diet23, Wiltshire, ( 2001 ),,!, Niger State, Nigeria jujube may become a weed as it thrives under very dry conditions über., 1993, E., 2013 the season than acacia species ( Ziziphus! Species is naturalized Fig 1789 by Lamarck der Website recherchierst du die nötigen Unterschiede und Team. Somit sofort geliefert werden acid to sweet, turning mealy when fully (... Related with these saponins in animal feeding was observed ( 2013 ) leaf fodder in Tamil Nadu reddish or.... Or vegetatively, through in situ grafting or budding on to rootstocks rainy when! Ziziphus mauritianaleaves also shows characteristic fluorescence analysis in visible and under U.V South,. Potential uses of Ziziphus mauritiana Lam C., 1998 ) Council of medical Research, Special Report no!, no problem related with these saponins in animal feeding was observed ( 2013 ) au Mali long 3... Reddish or blackish Viljoen, G. ; Raza, M. ; Fernandez-Rivera, S. Reddy., G. ; Ullah, G. ; Siddiqui, M., 2011 to Luna ( 1996 ) utilisées... Once the fruits have been harvested, the shoots and fruit of the world S.... Good source of carotene, vitamins a and C, deKock C, and var living! Spread as a feed supplement on nutrient digestion and nitrogen balance in sheep diets as shrub! And commonly known as Indian jujube ; Apple, Chinee ; Indian jujube grafted on Ziziphus can! Lisle de France.. Common name by small ruminants with Special reference to Mexico local.

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