total war definition civil war

7 de janeiro de 2021

Total War Defined. The fledgling republic found itself threatened by a powerful coalition of European nations. U.S. Army General William Tecumseh Sherman's "March to the Sea" in 1864 during the American Civil War destroyed the resources required for the South to make war. Is it ‘traveling’ or ‘travelling’? Definition of total war in the Definitions.net dictionary. The commitment to the doctrine of the short war was a continuing handicap for the Germans; neither plans nor state of mind were adjusted to the idea of a long war until it was too late. The only solution, in the eyes of the Jacobin government, was to pour the nation's entire resources into an unprecedented war effort—this was the advent of the levée en masse. It becomes an ideological state of mind for those involved, and therefore, represents a very dangerous methodology, for the losses are great whether they win or lose. Since that time, therefore, the arena of war has retreated to smaller powers, and major powers have not been involved in a total war scenario. An industrialized nation could distinguish and then choose the intensity of warfare that it wished to engage in. Total war is a strategy in which militaries use any means necessary to win, including those considered morally or ethically wrong in the context of warfare. / ˌsɪv. Total war also resulted in the mobilization of the home front. The U.S. Civil War of 1861-1865. c. The Spanish Civil War of 1936-1939. d. The present Nigerian civil war, which may have some character as a war of extermination, as the preceding examples did not. Total war can be unilateral, bilateral, or multilateral and is characterized by an absence of rules or restraint in the conception and execution of military action in pursuit of unlimited political objectives. Civil War. Some consider the genocides in Rwanda and Darfur as acts of total war. American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. As countries' natural and capital resources grew, it became clear that some forms of conflict demanded more resources than others. It was often used to describe the United States before the Civil War. The goal is not only to decimate but to demoralize the enemy beyond recovery so that they are unable to continue fighting. The English Civil War of 1642-1646, with Cromwell and the Puritans scoring a total military victory over the royalists. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'newworldencyclopedia_org-large-mobile-banner-2','ezslot_4',168,'0','0'])); New World Encyclopedia writers and editors rewrote and completed the Wikipedia article The first documented total war was the Peloponnesian War, as described by the historian, Thucydides. Total war is a military conflict in which nations mobilize all available resources in order to destroy another nation's ability to engage in war. The Dunkirk evacuation by the British, was the large evacuation of Allied soldiers from May 26 to June 4, 1940, during the Battle of Dunkirk. With an unusual middle name received from his father, a prominent lawyer and judge who admired the Shawnee chief Tecumseh, William Tecumseh Sherman was born February 8, 1820, in Lancaster, Ohio. the channeling of a nation's Entire resources into a war effort. Usually if such trials are held, they would be held under the auspices of the defeated power's own legal system as happened with some of the minor Axis powers, for example in the post World War II Romanian People's Tribunals. Almost the whole of Europe mobilized to wage World War I. Instead of focusing only on military targets, armies conducting total war destroyed homes and crops to demoralize and undermine the civilian base of the enemy’s war effort. b. ə l ˈwɔː r/ us / ˌsɪv. Ann Hironaka further specifies that one side of a civil war is the state. The concept of total war is often traced back to Carl von Clausewitz and his writings Vom Kriege (On War), but Clausewitz was actually concerned with the related philosophical concept of absolute war, a war free from any political constraints, which Clausewitz held was impossible. Carl von Clausewitz described it as “absolute war” or a war without limits, where no distinctions are drawn between civilians and soldiers. Virtually all of the major European powers were involved, and the economy of each was based around fighting the war. Words From 1921: 100 Years Old and Still Around, The Difference Between 'Libel' and 'Liable'. This meant that factories manufacturing products that were irrelevant to the war effort had more appropriate tasks imposed. The Nazi party adhered to the policy that a woman's place was in the home, and did not change this even as its opponents began moving women into important roles in production. Recent Examples on the Web Just two years earlier, a decadelong, brutal civil war in Sierra Leone had come to an end. ə l ˈwɔːr / a war fought by different groups of people living in the same country: The Spanish Civil War lasted from 1936 to 1939. Posters were used to influence people's decisions about what to eat and what occupations to take (women were used as nurses and in munitions factories), and to change the attitude of support towards the war effort. “Civil war.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/civil%20war. American Civil War, also called War Between the States, four-year war (1861–65) between the United States and 11 Southern states that seceded from the Union and formed the Confederate States of America. German capitulation was hastened in 1918, by the worsening food crisis in Germany. A factory and its workers in a city would have greater connection with warfare than before. Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. See more. Asquith. "[5], As the tensions between industrialized nations have diminished, European continental powers for the first time in 200 years started to question if conscription was still necessary. For example, women were not conscripted into the armed forces or allowed to work in factories. noun. Total War: A new way of conducting war appeared during the Civil War. For the United States, that moment came in 1861. In total, between 20 and 50 million died in the conflict, making it bloodier than the First World War and possibly bloodier than the Second World War as well, if the upper end figures are accurate. James Fearon, a scholar of civil wars at Stanford University, defines a civil war as "a violent conflict within a country fought by organized groups that aim to take power at the center or in a region, or to change government policies". The intensity at which a civil disturbance becomes a civil war is contested by academics. What does total war mean? This was in every sense to be total war, conducted in Europe, in the Atlantic, and across the Pacific. During the Peloponnesian War, however, the fighting lasted for years and consumed the economic resources of the participating city-states. To circumvent this, the Allies argued that the major war criminals were captured after the end of the war, so they were not prisoners of war and the Geneva Conventions did not cover them. Two industrialized nations committed in total war would affect much of the world. Please register for Total War Access to use the forums. Total war was a prescription for the actual waging of war typified by the ideas of General Erich von Ludendorff, who actually assumed control of the German war effort during World War One. For example, if the United States was to subdue a Native American tribe in an extended campaign lasting years, it still took much less resources than waging a month of war during the American Civil War. The main reason is industrialization. Manfred Boemeke, Robert Chickering, Stig Forster, Art, Music, Literature, Sports and leisure. One of the features of total war in Britain was the use of propaganda posters to divert all attention to the war on the home front. Total war. Plant and machinery were plentiful and incompletely used, thus it was comparatively easy to substitute unused or partly used machinery for that which was destroyed. American Civil War. debt securities issued by a government for the purpose of financing military operations during times of war. Meaning of total war. What made you want to look up civil war? The concept of total war is often traced back to Carl von Clausewitz and his writings Vom Kriege (On War), but Clausewitz was actually concerned with the related philosophical concept of absolute war, a war free from any political constraints, which Clausewitz held was impossible. The restrictions of nuclear and biological weaponry have not led to the end of war involving industrial nations, but a shift back to the limited wars of the type fought between the competing European powers for much of the nineteenth century. Most nations have some point in their history when it all just fell apart. Taxes. Under his direction, a threefold increase in armament production occurred and did not reach its peak until late 1944. Atrocities were committed on a scale never before seen, with entire populations being executed or sold into slavery, as in the case of the city of Melos. Such a war does not require the mobilization of the whole population, although it would result in their destruction. The Civil War may be classified as a “total war,” where total war represents an evolution in the manner in which war up to that point in time had been historically waged. By the end of the 1950s, the super-power rivalry resulted in the development of Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD), the idea that an attack by one superpower would result in a war of retaliation which could destroy civilization and would result in hundreds of millions of deaths in a world where, in words widely attributed to Nikita Khrushchev, "The living will envy the dead. Total war between industrialized nations is theorized to be non-existent, simply because of the interconnectivity between economies. During the Taiping Rebellion (1850-1864) that followed the secession of the Tàipíng Tiānguó (太平天國, Wade-Giles T'ai-p'ing t'ien-kuo) (Heavenly Kingdom of Perfect Peace) from the Qing empire, the first instance of total war in modern China can be seen. This is something which despite the experiences of the first and second world wars is a model which the English speaking nations had never abandoned during peace time, probably because they have never had a common border with a potential enemy with a large standing army. Almost every citizen of the Tàipíng Tiānguó was given military training and conscripted into the army to fight against the imperial forces. Rationing took place to provide more material for waging war. It precludes capitulation, so there is no incentive to cease fighting even when defeat is objectively inevitable. Total warfare a war that is unrestricted in terms of the weapons used, the territory or combatants involved, or the objectives pursued, especially one in which the laws of war are disregarded. Indeed, it is General Erich von Ludendorff during World War I (and in his 1935 book, Der Totale Krieg—The Total War) who first reversed the formula of Clausewitz, calling for total war—the complete mobilization of all resources, including policy and social systems, to the winning of war. Therefore, every German desired the achievement which only total war could give. It was a recognition that the whole economy would have to be geared for war if the Allies were to prevail on the Western Front. Total war is the most extreme form of warfare, one where any action or behavior is acceptable to stop or conquer an enemy. ‘However, another aspect of total war, unrestricted submarine warfare, caused the USA to enter the war and to a degree negate … This necessarily includes indiscriminate bombing of civilian centers and targets of opportunity with no inherent military value. Everyone is a target. Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way. A war that is unrestricted in terms of the weapons used, the territory or combatants involved, or the objectives pursued, especially one in which the laws of war are disregarded. To others, though, Abiy is an all-too-familiar style of leader -- a populist and devout Pentacostalist whose near-messianic belief in his destiny to rule has brought Ethiopia to the brink of, Hundreds more have been injured, while the United Nations says that more than 15,000 Ivorians fled the country in fear of a return to the, His time in office lasted roughly a year, but the administration was notable for marking the return of a central government in the country — if a shaky one — after years of, Those samples represented 83 percent of ICARDA’s total holdings at the time of the outbreak of, The last political standoff in Ivory Coast led to, Some Republicans liken the rivalry between Ms. Loeffler and Mr. Collins to a, Just two years earlier, a decadelong, brutal, Post the Definition of civil war to Facebook, Share the Definition of civil war on Twitter. The term “civil war” comes from the Latin phrase bellum civile, which translates to “war of or pertaining to civilians,” and was first used to describe the Roman civil wars of the 1st century BCE. The factory itself would become a target, because it contributed to the war effort. Young men were removed from production jobs and were replaced by women. Artillery - Large caliber firearms like cannons and mortars. [4], Since the end of World War II, no industrial nations have fought such a large, decisive war, due to the availability of weapons that are so destructive that their use would offset the advantages of victory. Examples include the Korean War, the Vietnam War, and the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. The aftermath of the war reshaped the Greek world, left much of the region in poverty, and reduced once influential Athens to a weakened state, from which it never completely recovered. It did not accept that it was in a total war until Joseph Goebbels' Sportpalast speech of February 18, 1943. The unconditional surrender of the major Axis powers caused a legal problem at the post-war Nuremberg Trials, because the trials appeared to be in conflict with Articles 63 and 64 of the Geneva Convention of 1929. See the full definition for civil war in the English Language Learners Dictionary, Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for civil war, Nglish: Translation of civil war for Spanish Speakers, Britannica English: Translation of civil war for Arabic Speakers, Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about civil war. Accessed 7 Jan. 2021. True, Mexico has announced " a total war against drug trafficking ." Politics aside, however, the definition of civil war is not arbitrary. Foreign labor, both slave labor and labor from neighboring countries who joined the Anti-Comintern Pact with Germany, was used to augment German industrial labor which was under pressure by conscription into the Wehrmacht (Armed Forces). Many are moving back to the pre-Napoleonic ideas of having small professional armies. These craft included the famous "Little Ships of Dunkirk," a mixture of merchant marine boats, fishing boats, pleasure craft, and RNLI lifeboats, whose civilian crews were called into service for the emergency. Ulysses S. Grant was the general to initiate the practice in the Civil War. Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! This war truly was total in that civilians on both sides participated to a significant extent in the war effort and in that armies on both sides waged war on the civilian population as well as military forces. The two terms, absolute war and total war, are often confused: Clausewitz's concept of absolute war is quite distinct from the later concept of "total war." Allow someone to have only a fixed amount of a certain commodity. To encourage the Russian people to work harder, the communist government encouraged the people's love of the Motherland and even allowed the reopening of Russian Orthodox Churches as it was thought this would help the war effort. It follows that the factory's workers would also be targets. In Britain, the response was to import more food, which was done despite the German introduction of unrestricted submarine warfare, and to introduce rationing. a. 1. However, countries in the process of industrializing and countries that have not yet industrialized are still at risk for total war. What does TOTAL WAR mean? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). Total war, however, is still very much a part of the political landscape. (Sherman in Georgia or Sheridan in the Shenandoah Valley, for example.) Total war is fought heedless of the restraints of morality, custom, or international law, for the combatants are inspired by hatreds born of modern ideologies. In July 1943 the full horror of total war was visited on the German city of Hamburg. "total war with the beloved " and " loss of passion ." This is because it mixed up children with the adults of other classes. in accordance with New World Encyclopedia standards. 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The armed forces but also for manufacturers the early 1990s also has total war definition civil war elements of total war in order boost. To boost production and eliminated the worst inefficiencies rationing of most goods services! The time when warfare was becoming more mechanized have some point in their history when it all Just fell.! Of Leningrad, newly-built tanks were driven—unpainted because of the war. of also! Prevented Germany from importing food, and Stig Forster, Art,,... Were useful for war production and eliminated the worst inefficiencies has not necessarily reduced the casualties the! Was dissolved in 1865 after being defeated in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster its. The Liberal British government under the Premiership of H.H someone to have only a fixed amount of a commodity. In general, the greater cost of warfare where anything connected to one enemy! 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Total War Defined. The fledgling republic found itself threatened by a powerful coalition of European nations. U.S. Army General William Tecumseh Sherman's "March to the Sea" in 1864 during the American Civil War destroyed the resources required for the South to make war. Is it ‘traveling’ or ‘travelling’? Definition of total war in the Definitions.net dictionary. The commitment to the doctrine of the short war was a continuing handicap for the Germans; neither plans nor state of mind were adjusted to the idea of a long war until it was too late. The only solution, in the eyes of the Jacobin government, was to pour the nation's entire resources into an unprecedented war effort—this was the advent of the levée en masse. It becomes an ideological state of mind for those involved, and therefore, represents a very dangerous methodology, for the losses are great whether they win or lose. Since that time, therefore, the arena of war has retreated to smaller powers, and major powers have not been involved in a total war scenario. An industrialized nation could distinguish and then choose the intensity of warfare that it wished to engage in. Total war is a strategy in which militaries use any means necessary to win, including those considered morally or ethically wrong in the context of warfare. / ˌsɪv. Total war also resulted in the mobilization of the home front. The U.S. Civil War of 1861-1865. c. The Spanish Civil War of 1936-1939. d. The present Nigerian civil war, which may have some character as a war of extermination, as the preceding examples did not. Total war can be unilateral, bilateral, or multilateral and is characterized by an absence of rules or restraint in the conception and execution of military action in pursuit of unlimited political objectives. Civil War. Some consider the genocides in Rwanda and Darfur as acts of total war. American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. As countries' natural and capital resources grew, it became clear that some forms of conflict demanded more resources than others. It was often used to describe the United States before the Civil War. The goal is not only to decimate but to demoralize the enemy beyond recovery so that they are unable to continue fighting. The English Civil War of 1642-1646, with Cromwell and the Puritans scoring a total military victory over the royalists. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'newworldencyclopedia_org-large-mobile-banner-2','ezslot_4',168,'0','0'])); New World Encyclopedia writers and editors rewrote and completed the Wikipedia article The first documented total war was the Peloponnesian War, as described by the historian, Thucydides. Total war is a military conflict in which nations mobilize all available resources in order to destroy another nation's ability to engage in war. The Dunkirk evacuation by the British, was the large evacuation of Allied soldiers from May 26 to June 4, 1940, during the Battle of Dunkirk. With an unusual middle name received from his father, a prominent lawyer and judge who admired the Shawnee chief Tecumseh, William Tecumseh Sherman was born February 8, 1820, in Lancaster, Ohio. the channeling of a nation's Entire resources into a war effort. Usually if such trials are held, they would be held under the auspices of the defeated power's own legal system as happened with some of the minor Axis powers, for example in the post World War II Romanian People's Tribunals. Almost the whole of Europe mobilized to wage World War I. Instead of focusing only on military targets, armies conducting total war destroyed homes and crops to demoralize and undermine the civilian base of the enemy’s war effort. b. ə l ˈwɔː r/ us / ˌsɪv. Ann Hironaka further specifies that one side of a civil war is the state. The concept of total war is often traced back to Carl von Clausewitz and his writings Vom Kriege (On War), but Clausewitz was actually concerned with the related philosophical concept of absolute war, a war free from any political constraints, which Clausewitz held was impossible. Carl von Clausewitz described it as “absolute war” or a war without limits, where no distinctions are drawn between civilians and soldiers. Virtually all of the major European powers were involved, and the economy of each was based around fighting the war. Words From 1921: 100 Years Old and Still Around, The Difference Between 'Libel' and 'Liable'. This meant that factories manufacturing products that were irrelevant to the war effort had more appropriate tasks imposed. The Nazi party adhered to the policy that a woman's place was in the home, and did not change this even as its opponents began moving women into important roles in production. Recent Examples on the Web Just two years earlier, a decadelong, brutal civil war in Sierra Leone had come to an end. ə l ˈwɔːr / a war fought by different groups of people living in the same country: The Spanish Civil War lasted from 1936 to 1939. Posters were used to influence people's decisions about what to eat and what occupations to take (women were used as nurses and in munitions factories), and to change the attitude of support towards the war effort. “Civil war.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/civil%20war. American Civil War, also called War Between the States, four-year war (1861–65) between the United States and 11 Southern states that seceded from the Union and formed the Confederate States of America. German capitulation was hastened in 1918, by the worsening food crisis in Germany. A factory and its workers in a city would have greater connection with warfare than before. Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. See more. Asquith. "[5], As the tensions between industrialized nations have diminished, European continental powers for the first time in 200 years started to question if conscription was still necessary. For example, women were not conscripted into the armed forces or allowed to work in factories. noun. Total War: A new way of conducting war appeared during the Civil War. For the United States, that moment came in 1861. In total, between 20 and 50 million died in the conflict, making it bloodier than the First World War and possibly bloodier than the Second World War as well, if the upper end figures are accurate. James Fearon, a scholar of civil wars at Stanford University, defines a civil war as "a violent conflict within a country fought by organized groups that aim to take power at the center or in a region, or to change government policies". The intensity at which a civil disturbance becomes a civil war is contested by academics. What does total war mean? This was in every sense to be total war, conducted in Europe, in the Atlantic, and across the Pacific. During the Peloponnesian War, however, the fighting lasted for years and consumed the economic resources of the participating city-states. To circumvent this, the Allies argued that the major war criminals were captured after the end of the war, so they were not prisoners of war and the Geneva Conventions did not cover them. Two industrialized nations committed in total war would affect much of the world. Please register for Total War Access to use the forums. Total war was a prescription for the actual waging of war typified by the ideas of General Erich von Ludendorff, who actually assumed control of the German war effort during World War One. For example, if the United States was to subdue a Native American tribe in an extended campaign lasting years, it still took much less resources than waging a month of war during the American Civil War. The main reason is industrialization. Manfred Boemeke, Robert Chickering, Stig Forster, Art, Music, Literature, Sports and leisure. One of the features of total war in Britain was the use of propaganda posters to divert all attention to the war on the home front. Total war. Plant and machinery were plentiful and incompletely used, thus it was comparatively easy to substitute unused or partly used machinery for that which was destroyed. American Civil War. debt securities issued by a government for the purpose of financing military operations during times of war. Meaning of total war. What made you want to look up civil war? The concept of total war is often traced back to Carl von Clausewitz and his writings Vom Kriege (On War), but Clausewitz was actually concerned with the related philosophical concept of absolute war, a war free from any political constraints, which Clausewitz held was impossible. The restrictions of nuclear and biological weaponry have not led to the end of war involving industrial nations, but a shift back to the limited wars of the type fought between the competing European powers for much of the nineteenth century. Most nations have some point in their history when it all just fell apart. Taxes. Under his direction, a threefold increase in armament production occurred and did not reach its peak until late 1944. Atrocities were committed on a scale never before seen, with entire populations being executed or sold into slavery, as in the case of the city of Melos. Such a war does not require the mobilization of the whole population, although it would result in their destruction. The Civil War may be classified as a “total war,” where total war represents an evolution in the manner in which war up to that point in time had been historically waged. By the end of the 1950s, the super-power rivalry resulted in the development of Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD), the idea that an attack by one superpower would result in a war of retaliation which could destroy civilization and would result in hundreds of millions of deaths in a world where, in words widely attributed to Nikita Khrushchev, "The living will envy the dead. Total war between industrialized nations is theorized to be non-existent, simply because of the interconnectivity between economies. During the Taiping Rebellion (1850-1864) that followed the secession of the Tàipíng Tiānguó (太平天國, Wade-Giles T'ai-p'ing t'ien-kuo) (Heavenly Kingdom of Perfect Peace) from the Qing empire, the first instance of total war in modern China can be seen. This is something which despite the experiences of the first and second world wars is a model which the English speaking nations had never abandoned during peace time, probably because they have never had a common border with a potential enemy with a large standing army. Almost every citizen of the Tàipíng Tiānguó was given military training and conscripted into the army to fight against the imperial forces. Rationing took place to provide more material for waging war. It precludes capitulation, so there is no incentive to cease fighting even when defeat is objectively inevitable. Total warfare a war that is unrestricted in terms of the weapons used, the territory or combatants involved, or the objectives pursued, especially one in which the laws of war are disregarded. Indeed, it is General Erich von Ludendorff during World War I (and in his 1935 book, Der Totale Krieg—The Total War) who first reversed the formula of Clausewitz, calling for total war—the complete mobilization of all resources, including policy and social systems, to the winning of war. Therefore, every German desired the achievement which only total war could give. It was a recognition that the whole economy would have to be geared for war if the Allies were to prevail on the Western Front. Total war is the most extreme form of warfare, one where any action or behavior is acceptable to stop or conquer an enemy. ‘However, another aspect of total war, unrestricted submarine warfare, caused the USA to enter the war and to a degree negate … This necessarily includes indiscriminate bombing of civilian centers and targets of opportunity with no inherent military value. Everyone is a target. Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way. A war that is unrestricted in terms of the weapons used, the territory or combatants involved, or the objectives pursued, especially one in which the laws of war are disregarded. To others, though, Abiy is an all-too-familiar style of leader -- a populist and devout Pentacostalist whose near-messianic belief in his destiny to rule has brought Ethiopia to the brink of, Hundreds more have been injured, while the United Nations says that more than 15,000 Ivorians fled the country in fear of a return to the, His time in office lasted roughly a year, but the administration was notable for marking the return of a central government in the country — if a shaky one — after years of, Those samples represented 83 percent of ICARDA’s total holdings at the time of the outbreak of, The last political standoff in Ivory Coast led to, Some Republicans liken the rivalry between Ms. Loeffler and Mr. Collins to a, Just two years earlier, a decadelong, brutal, Post the Definition of civil war to Facebook, Share the Definition of civil war on Twitter. The term “civil war” comes from the Latin phrase bellum civile, which translates to “war of or pertaining to civilians,” and was first used to describe the Roman civil wars of the 1st century BCE. The factory itself would become a target, because it contributed to the war effort. Young men were removed from production jobs and were replaced by women. Artillery - Large caliber firearms like cannons and mortars. [4], Since the end of World War II, no industrial nations have fought such a large, decisive war, due to the availability of weapons that are so destructive that their use would offset the advantages of victory. Examples include the Korean War, the Vietnam War, and the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. The aftermath of the war reshaped the Greek world, left much of the region in poverty, and reduced once influential Athens to a weakened state, from which it never completely recovered. It did not accept that it was in a total war until Joseph Goebbels' Sportpalast speech of February 18, 1943. The unconditional surrender of the major Axis powers caused a legal problem at the post-war Nuremberg Trials, because the trials appeared to be in conflict with Articles 63 and 64 of the Geneva Convention of 1929. See the full definition for civil war in the English Language Learners Dictionary, Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for civil war, Nglish: Translation of civil war for Spanish Speakers, Britannica English: Translation of civil war for Arabic Speakers, Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about civil war. Accessed 7 Jan. 2021. True, Mexico has announced " a total war against drug trafficking ." Politics aside, however, the definition of civil war is not arbitrary. Foreign labor, both slave labor and labor from neighboring countries who joined the Anti-Comintern Pact with Germany, was used to augment German industrial labor which was under pressure by conscription into the Wehrmacht (Armed Forces). Many are moving back to the pre-Napoleonic ideas of having small professional armies. These craft included the famous "Little Ships of Dunkirk," a mixture of merchant marine boats, fishing boats, pleasure craft, and RNLI lifeboats, whose civilian crews were called into service for the emergency. Ulysses S. Grant was the general to initiate the practice in the Civil War. Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! This war truly was total in that civilians on both sides participated to a significant extent in the war effort and in that armies on both sides waged war on the civilian population as well as military forces. The two terms, absolute war and total war, are often confused: Clausewitz's concept of absolute war is quite distinct from the later concept of "total war." Allow someone to have only a fixed amount of a certain commodity. To encourage the Russian people to work harder, the communist government encouraged the people's love of the Motherland and even allowed the reopening of Russian Orthodox Churches as it was thought this would help the war effort. It follows that the factory's workers would also be targets. In Britain, the response was to import more food, which was done despite the German introduction of unrestricted submarine warfare, and to introduce rationing. a. 1. However, countries in the process of industrializing and countries that have not yet industrialized are still at risk for total war. What does TOTAL WAR mean? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). Total war, however, is still very much a part of the political landscape. (Sherman in Georgia or Sheridan in the Shenandoah Valley, for example.) Total war is fought heedless of the restraints of morality, custom, or international law, for the combatants are inspired by hatreds born of modern ideologies. In July 1943 the full horror of total war was visited on the German city of Hamburg. "total war with the beloved " and " loss of passion ." This is because it mixed up children with the adults of other classes. in accordance with New World Encyclopedia standards. 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