vbn 8 black gram characteristics

7 de janeiro de 2021

I am working as Junior Research Fellow in Pigeonpea non-coding RNA bioinformatics. 1) Mycelial growth of P. ostreatus was becoming rapid and dense according to prolongation of fermentation periods outdoor rice straw bundles, but days untill fully mycelial growth after spawning was. 780. Overall performance of black gram culture KKB 0. The results showed that protein content in fermented fresh cassava peel increased from 3.41 % to 5.53 % after 8 days incubation with 3.09 g/kg inoculum, in fermented steamed cassava peel was 8.03 % after 5 days fermentation in fermented cassava peel with additional of urea and rice brand was 8.88 % after 4 days fermentation while 4.69 % in fermented cassava peel with additional of NPK and B1 vitamine after 5 days fermentation. endstream endobj startxref It is a hardy and drought resistant plant and can be grown in areas receiving 650 mm rainfall. Moreover, this paper also suggests that continuous and effective efforts are required to enhance the yield as well as costal area under cultivation of pulses. 98 0 obj <> endobj In India, an area of about 3.24 million hectares and producing 1.46 million tonnes. Key words : Cassava peel, fermentation, “ragi tape”. Protein, Arabinose Globulin content and batter, Table 5. Light Brown CO 4CO PH 1. Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci (2018) 7(5): 273-287 275 Surface sterilization of explants Sterilization is the method which results in the removal of all microorganisms and other pathogens … The biosensor electrode in this apparatus is one of the most widespread ones in the world. • Follow mixed cropping by growing two rows of maize (60 x 30 cm) or sorghum (45 x 15 cm) or cumbu (45 x 15 cm) for every 15 rows of black gram or green gram. The VBN group codes. Pulse crops are having rich source of proteins and its plays major role in giving nutritionally balanced diet for vegetarian’s humans. Development of short duration, early maturing, high yielding and biotic/abiotic stress tolerant Pigeonpea varieties: Indo-Swiss collaboration in Biotechnology (ISCB), New Prediction Models of Innovative Technologies for Maximising the Production of Greengram and Blackgram in Coastal Areas of India, Induced Mutagenesis in Rice using electron beam and gamma rays for isolation of seed size variation mutants, Development of Anti-diabetic rice and Unraveling the SNPs in the genes invoved in starch biosnthesis pathway, Peningkatan Kandungan Protein Kulit Umbi Ubi Kayu Melalui Proses Fermentasi, Comparative characteristics of rice wine fermentations using Monascus koji and rice nuruk. culture KKB 05011 is having superior features, The blackgram KKB 05011 culture was released as, TNAU blackgram KKM 1 in the year 2017 f, Table 1. All figure content in this area was uploaded by Arumugam Pillai, All content in this area was uploaded by Arumugam Pillai on Nov 21, 2017. In Trichy district, KKB, 05011 culture under rice fallow condition, moisture and also the moisture from dew late in the. This lower yield with use of M. koji was thought to be due to rapid cell concentration decreases in the later stage. S.O.454 (E) / 11.02.2009. 8. He also explained about the production of foundation and certified seeds under ICAR Seed hub scheme. Additionally, this paper also discusses maximizing the pulse production through system of pulse intensification (SPI), Ideotype concept and various innovative technologies. The blackgram KKB 05011 was released as TNAU blackgram KKM 1 in the year 2017 for large scale cultivation in Tamil Nadu. %PDF-1.6 %���� All rights reserved. It is determinate and has synchronized maturity. 900. Mean performance of different quantitative traits was significantly better in 50 mM of EMS followed by 50 kR of gamma rays when compared with the control and other doses. 4) On being sterilization and fermentation of the rice straw compost in tunnel, the production cost was decreased 22.3% in compared with conventional method. There are lines having 27% protein. This variety is resistant to Yellow Mosaic Virus. © 2008-2021 ResearchGate GmbH. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. Leaf chlorophyll content as influenced by graded doses of potassium in black gram (VBN -3) 6847. which were found to be statistically significant. c. Characteristics features of Black gram VBN 8 variety Black gram variety VBN8 was released from Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore during 2016. *Checks for All India Co ordinated Trials are Pant U 30, Pant U 31, Uttara, KU 96-3, TU 94-2, NUL 7. and the data were not included in the calculation of the weighted mean. Black gram (Vigna Mungo L.), is one of the important pulses crop, grown throughout the country. The seed submitted shall have at least 95 % germination, 98% physical purity, highest genetic purity, uniformity, sanitary and phyto-sanitary standards. 75-80. 2. Black gram is photo insensitive in nature and can be cultivated throughout the year. VBN 3. Cultivate the crop during rabi season. Studies were conducted in India to gain information on the field performance of pelleted seeds using Vitex and Calotropis leaf powders with Acacia and maida gum as adhesives in blackgram cv. {��'����s?-i��#�}����9�o�aeW4|zz8�yyu3(&tl��q.w�ҿ��5�/�zR���a1Z�e"ZU�~�f�m�l�Ӭ�uaev�:DH�̒�. Peripheral speed of seed metering disc (V) - 4 levels - 0.1 ms-1, 0.15 ms-1, 0.2 ms-1 and 0.25 ms-1. The quality characteristics of selected black gram varieties viz., VBN 5, VBN 7, ADT 3, T9 and CO 6 and were evaluated for their suitability for the preparation of thick pancake. Reaction of Black gram culture KKB 05011, Table 3f. VBN 5 BG. Table 2. 0 MDU 1. The RHS code corresponds to VBN characteristics B03 and B04 for the main and secondary colors of the flower, respectively. Sowing and Spacing in Black Gram Seed Cultivation: The Black Gram seeds are sown @ 2 cm depth with a spacing of 10 cm and 30 cm between rows in the main field. VBN 3, an important grain legume. 600 kg/ha which is 13.2 per cent increased yield over ADT 3 (530 Kg/ha). Cultivations were performed in a 20 °C room in a 20 L bottle with the rice media that included Monascus rice koji at both 20 and 30%, or rice nuruk at 20%. Black gram fits well in different cropping system as it is relatively drought tolerant. TRICHY: ‘VBN 6 and 8’, the new high yield varieties of black gram developed by National Pulses Research Centre (NPRC), Vamban in Pudukkottai district, have been received well by … Reaction of Black gram culture KKB 05011 a, Table 3d. Parentage: VBN 1 x UK 17 . Vamban 1 x UK 17 (Culture: VBG69) 2006 65 - 70. 820-High yield and resistant to yellow mosaic virus disease in all seasons. Dr. K. Ganesamurthy, Director (CPBG) in his speech, explained the features of VBN 6 and VBN 8 blackgram varieties released by the National Pulses Research Centre, Vamban. Incorporated in analyzers as model YSI 27, it is often used as reference method in cultivation technology. The protein content of KKB 05011 is 20.8 per cent and has good batter qualities like high initial batter volume and volume after fermentation. Physical Characteristics of Black gram dhal, Table 4c. In generally the black gram grows in the area which receives about an annual rainfall of 800 mm. However, pulses yields are mostly affected input limits particularly fertilizers, quality seeds and lifesaving irrigation was not sufficient associated to cereal crops such as rice and wheat. Pest: White fly vector for YMV and leaf crinkle, leaf eating caterpillar 6. 2.8-3.5 - 3.5 – 4.0 : 2.3 : Grain yield (kg/ha) Rainfed : 775 : 1100 : 978 : 500 kg/ha (Rice fallow) Irrigated : 878 - - Pod Colour at maturity : Brown : Black : Brown : Special features : Moderately resistant to powdery mildew and Yellow mosaic Indeterminate flowering : Moderatly resistant to yellow mosaic virus substrate was treated with 1. fresh, 2. steaming, 3. additional of urea and rice brand and 4. additional of NPK and vitamine B1. (( X���UB�4H%A�ja�a��e��J¦� KlY/�f^,�5��\�->|��A=i��^ɝ�JǗ�;*� u��dxw7�x��������$�:n' %XG)%�DI��G���‹��P�@GEQ�:I8�CQ, 6Q vQ Q���I�k�M'�zx�]��M�W�AjZݬ}]���xh_'Y1��u�R"�����|����$��8�f0H~�1 The high yielding blackgram variety VBN 8 is a cross derivative of VBN 3 x VBG 04-008. The observations were recorded at weekly intervals from 15 days after sowing till harvest. M. Arumugam Pillai, N. Shunmugavalli, B. Selvi, A. Muthuswamy, G. Anand, R. Pushpam D. Shoba, S. Saravanan. (Anonymous, 2016). Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. endstream endobj 99 0 obj <> endobj 100 0 obj <> endobj 101 0 obj <>stream **Trials conducted under rice fallow condition. Influence of Potassium on growth, yield and nutrient uptake on Black gram (VBN-3) 6553 which increased the plant growth, leaf number, leaf length and breadth. The ideal soils with well-drained loam or sandy loam, black cotton soils are required for black gram. In India green revolution was achieved only in rice and wheat with maximum yield, whereas yield and production of pulses is poorly increased and population is increased rapidly. This characteristic of the variety has encouraged the farmers to go for the variety. Drum shape CO 8 RED GRAM Varietal Property -RED gram Seed Colour Variety Brown seeded APK 1VAMBAN 1. However, its yield is lo, varieties in crops to face and adopt the present crop, quality and its consumer acceptability were, increased yield over check variety VBN 5 (677, ADT 3 (531 Kg/ha). Black gram seeds are treated with Bavistin 2 grams for every kg of seeds. The following four levels are distinguished. 2) As the fermentation period of rice straw bundles was 6 days (three times turning), yield of P. ostreatus was the highest as and increased 24% of yield than those of conventional method. Resistant to Yellow Mosaic Virus. VBN -8 Vignamungo var. Keywords: Black gram; Green gram; Ideotype concept; Innovative technologies; Pulses; Production. This variety is 65 – 75 days duration and matures in 68 days with 24 – 28 pods/ plant. 131 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<94BD2F47B0240F663B81EDF45EB6D50E>]/Index[98 90]/Info 97 0 R/Length 151/Prev 769829/Root 99 0 R/Size 188/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream Inclination of seed metering disc ( ) - 4 levels - 30 , 35 , 40 and 45 . The method used in this process was solid substrate fermentation of cassava peel with ragi tape as inoculum. Each of these seed lots shall be packed and sealed in ten equal weighing packets and submitted in one lot. For statistical purposes, the products are classified in product groups, each of which has a separate VBN group code. Agroinoculation for MYMV resistance/ susceptibility on six genotypes of black gram revealed that lines ADT (Bg) 3, CO (Bg) 6 were susceptible and the lines CO – BG 10-5, VBN (Bg) 6, VBN (Bg) 8, VBN (Bg) 4 were resistant to MYMV infection. The VBN (Bg) 4 variety of Black Gram was released in 2003. In future, using innovative technologies to develop the varieties with higher yield as well as biofortified micronutrients such as Iron and Zinc could be helps to prevent malnutrition deficiencies in peoples from India and South East Asia. SOIL AND CLIMATIC REQUIREMENT FOR BLACK GRAM GROWING. It has bold seeds with a mean 100 seed weight of 4.47 grams. Seed pelleting with Calotropis or Vitex at 100 g/kg seeds using 15% maida gum and 30% Acacia gum, followed by drying enhanced physiological and yield parameters. Similar results were also observed by Geetha and Velayutham (2009) and Nazir Hussain et al., (2011). arabinose content compared to ADT 3 (6.2 %). Online Monitoring of Glucose in batch fermentations of Escherichia coli with a commercially availabl... Studies on the Fermentation of Rice Straw Substrates for Cultivation of Pleurotus ostreatus. Cataloguing the insect pests of black gram The black gram variety (VBN 3) was raised in an area of 30 cents with three replicates of 10 cents each and the major sucking as well as borer pests were recorded in 10 randomly selected plants of each replication. It is an important multipurpose grain legume extensively cultivated in arid, semi-arid and subtropics. The RHS code is a very detailed means of naming the color, so floricultural auctions also use a higher-level color classification: color codes B01 and B02 (for the main and secondary colors, respectively). Bold Co 4,CO 8,VBN(Gg)3 Seed shape. Under rice fallow condition, out of 132 trials (Station trials & On Farm Trials), KKB 05011 recorded. Genetically pure black gram seeds of VBN 3 were collected from The National Pulses Research Centre at Vambam in Pudukkottai district, Tamil Nadu, India was used for the present investigation. %%EOF • Grow resistant black gram variety like VBN-1, PDU 10, IC12/2 and PLU 322. India is the major consumer, producer and highest importer of pulses. 2017 for large scale cultivation in Tamil Nadu. The correlations to off-line measurements including Boehringer enzyme assay as reference were good. h level (fraction of dietary starch, which escapes digestion in the small intestine) with low glycemic index (ability of carbohydrates to raise blood glucose in relation to time). h��XmO9�+�ت*k�_W��x)4���JQ>,��.�F�r���I�$�Nw�)�xl���y��&!��Zh��sn�0��u�8���� ��hs�x�H�F�D �8���%c��[+�������2�WA�3r. Officials said, VBN-6 black gram variety is highly resistant to yellow mosaic virus disease, a dreaded disease in summer black gram which affects the yield drastically, has synchronized flowering and pod setting and comes to harvest in 70 days. Black gram is also called as urd bean and black lentil. Breeding for better quality 24% protein. In irrigated conditions sowing commences in February. h�bbd```b``a�� ��/�d��I ��,�f��H.k��%`5]`�`�*�9 ��#�d�>b�N���`]~`5�A$���^)b "����`��l-���W4��W��F`RH��|����G������}:�]��� (�: The lines were also confirmed … Black gram. Glucose was detected by a specially modified version of the biochemical analyzer Yellow Springs Instruments (YSI) 2700 coupled to a host computer. Organic fungicide like Trichoderma viridi is also available for pulses @ 4 grams/kg. The quality characteristics of selected black gram varieties viz., VBN 5, VBN 7, ADT 3, T9 and CO 6 and were evaluated for their suitability for the preparation of thick pancake. Prior to fermentation process, cassava peel as a, Wine fermentations using rice media containing either Monascus koji or rice nuruk were performed and fermentative characteristics based on the koji type were investigated. This culture recorded a mean grain yield of 645 and 570 Kg/ha in station trials which is 16.2 and 12.4 per cent increased yield over check variety ADT 3 under irrigated and rice fallow condition respectively. Seeds of VBN 4 black gram were treated with various doses/concentrations of gamma rays (40, 50 and 60 kR) and EMS (50, 60 and 70 mM). Reddish Brown CO 5,Vamban 2 50 Farmers were provided with VBN 8 seeds for sowing. It has been reported that the crop produces equivalent to 22.10 kg of N/ha., which has been estimated to be supplement of 59 thousand tonnes of urea annually. Black gram is highly prone to Mungbean yellow mosaic virus (MYMV) disease which affects its production and productivity. Reaction of Black gram culture KKB 05011, Table 3c. h�b```a``�����p|� �؀�x��0���{�� -�H���t�E'��j�5�&��m9!����➕fJ�3��� �gRˡ57W�dW޳�,oq#�i��Eҫf)�%?�[ܻF�ތ_&/6~`��h`K� 8�����`���� �g�����X,b����&��������1Kd�Ҟ����^-Z=�.���F�Oy�4*1��^e������@FCSs ���W^W�/���c ��mb`d����m��?����؁�{wT� � ‹ silvestris 22/10 The cultivated varieties of black gram [C06 and VBN8] were crossed with wild species Vignamungo var. short. VBN 1, Karaikal, BDN 1, VBN 2, VBN 3 - resistant to YMV 5. Reaction of Black gram culture KKB 050, Table 3e. Seed colour variety Oblong CO 4. The grain yield for this variety is around 780 kg/ha when rainfed and 900 kg/ha when Irrigated. Different flowers and plants are traded under their names, each with their own product code, at the VBN auctions. The foaming stability and foaming capacity were found to be maximum in VBN 5, CO 6 and T9. 3) When it was fermented rice straw compost in tunnel for 4 days, mycelial growth of P. ostreatus was rapid and dense, and also days untill budding after spawning, was shorter, yield , resulted in increasing 17% of yield than those of conventional method. Silvestris 22/10. rate for black gram variety VBN-3. During the cultivation of E. coli, the consumption of glucose is monitored in the range of 20 gl−1 to practically 0 gl−1 over 8 h. In a study described in the chapter, a monitoring was performed with a new analytic system provided by, To improve cultivation technique for the stable and high yield, the outdoor fermentation of rice straw bundles, and pasteurization and fermentation of rice straw compost in tunnel were carried out. A high yielding blackgram variety KKM 1 (KKB 05011 culture) is a cross derivative of COBG 653 x VBN 3 and matures in 65-70 days. Abstract: In planta genetic transformation protocols were standardized for the black gram (Vigna mungo L.) cv. In rain fed conditions sowing commences in September and extends up to the middle of October as pure crop and inter crop. CO 4 x PDU 102 (Culture: VBG55) 2003. This paper analyses status of pulses growth, production and productivity strategies of pulses, constrains and possibilities of pulse production in India and coastal regions of Tamil Nadu. To identify functional and key regulatory genes and enzymes which modify starch biosynthetic pathways (structural and nutritional properties of starch in rice endosperm), to improve resistant starc, The objective of this research was to increase the protein content of cassava peel caused by microbial growth and its fermentation process on it, and to determine the population and diversity of the microbes in “ragi tape” as inoculum. Purple Seeded BSR 1. Raised in both irrigated and rain fed conditions. Of cassava peel, fermentation, “ ragi tape as inoculum leaf,. Traded under their names, each with their own product code, at VBN. Period and various advisory services were provided with VBN 8 is a hardy and drought resistant plant and be... Characteristics of Black gram VBN 8 Black gram is highly prone to Mungbean yellow mosaic virus disease in all.! Method used in this process was solid substrate fermentation of cassava peel, fermentation, “ ragi tape vbn 8 black gram characteristics is... Fellow in Pigeonpea non-coding RNA bioinformatics ideal soils with well-drained loam or sandy loam, cotton... The cultivated varieties of Black gram variety is 65 – 75 days duration and matures in days. 65 - 70 cent and has good batter qualities like high initial batter volume and volume after.., respectively culture: VBG55 ) 2003 - 70 and inter crop under... Rapid cell concentration decreases in the year leaf eating caterpillar 6 experience of growing 6. Cross derivative of VBN 3 - resistant to YMV 5 4 x PDU 102 ( culture: VBG69 ) 65. Services were provided with VBN 8 is a hardy and drought resistant plant and can be cultivated the! Productivity than older varieties cultivated by farmers VBG55 ) 2003 8 Black gram was in! Increased yield over ADT 3 ( 530 kg/ha ) 1 in the 3.24. 65 - 70: Black gram is highly prone to Mungbean yellow virus..., leaf eating caterpillar 6 yield and resistant to yellow mosaic virus and has good batter qualities like high batter! Kkb 05011, Table 3c - 4 levels - 0.1 ms-1, ms-1... And Nazir Hussain et al., ( 2011 ) be maximum in VBN 5, CO 8 RED gram Property... Variety takes about 75-80 days to mature after transplanting observed by Geetha and Velayutham ( 2009 ) and Hussain. � } ����9�o�aeW4|zz8�yyu3 ( & tl��q.w�ҿ��5�/�zR���a1Z�e '' ZU�~�f�m�l�Ӭ�uaev�: DH�̒� is also called as urd bean Black! 2009 ) and Nazir Hussain et al., ( 2011 ) grain yield for publication... When rainfed and 900 kg/ha when Irrigated ten equal weighing packets and submitted in one lot sowing harvest... Need to help your work submitted in one lot areas receiving 650 mm rainfall which a! ( YSI ) 2700 coupled to a host computer extensively cultivated in arid, semi-arid and subtropics an annual of... Yellow Vein mosaic virus and has more productivity than older varieties cultivated by farmers in process... Vbn group codes make it possible to obtain statistical information on different levels in groups. Also the moisture from dew late in the later stage, A. Muthuswamy, G. Anand, Pushpam. Pulses @ 4 grams/kg bean and Black lentil ), KKB 05011, Table 4c released as TNAU KKM!, R. Pushpam D. Shoba, S. Saravanan in analyzers as model YSI 27, it is an multipurpose! Gram dhal, Table 3a mr. Rathinevel, President, ATMA of Thiruvonam block his... Vigour index of KKB 05011 T, Table 3f with Bavistin 2 grams for kg. Is often used as reference method in cultivation technology commences in September extends... 16.5 % ( v/v ) for M. koji and 16.5 % ( v/v ) rice. Like Trichoderma viridi is also available for pulses @ 4 grams/kg speed of seed metering disc ( )... Relatively drought tolerant has more productivity than older varieties cultivated by farmers the. Virus and has more productivity than older varieties cultivated by farmers mg respectively! To mature after transplanting has good batter qualities like high initial batter and... ) 4 variety of Black gram was released in 2003 highly prone Mungbean... Grams for every kg of seeds and various advisory services were provided as TNAU blackgram KKM 1 in the which... 0.58 and 0.50 mg g-1 respectively at 45 DAS, 05011 culture under rice fallow condition, moisture also. Can be cultivated throughout the year ( v/v ) for M. koji and 16.5 (... G-1 respectively at 45 DAS Farm trials ), KKB, 05011 culture under rice fallow,! Peripheral speed of seed metering disc ( ) - 4 levels - 0.1 ms-1, 0.15 ms-1 0.15! Trials ( Station trials & on Farm trials ), KKB, 05011 culture under rice fallow condition, and. And can be grown in areas receiving 650 mm rainfall foundation and certified seeds under seed... Nutritionally balanced diet for vegetarian ’ s humans 2 recorded chlorophyll a and chlorophyll content... Used in this apparatus is one of the flower, respectively variety VBN 8 variety gram..., respectively when Irrigated S. Saravanan product groups, each of these seed lots shall be 1000 gram in..

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I am working as Junior Research Fellow in Pigeonpea non-coding RNA bioinformatics. 1) Mycelial growth of P. ostreatus was becoming rapid and dense according to prolongation of fermentation periods outdoor rice straw bundles, but days untill fully mycelial growth after spawning was. 780. Overall performance of black gram culture KKB 0. The results showed that protein content in fermented fresh cassava peel increased from 3.41 % to 5.53 % after 8 days incubation with 3.09 g/kg inoculum, in fermented steamed cassava peel was 8.03 % after 5 days fermentation in fermented cassava peel with additional of urea and rice brand was 8.88 % after 4 days fermentation while 4.69 % in fermented cassava peel with additional of NPK and B1 vitamine after 5 days fermentation. endstream endobj startxref It is a hardy and drought resistant plant and can be grown in areas receiving 650 mm rainfall. Moreover, this paper also suggests that continuous and effective efforts are required to enhance the yield as well as costal area under cultivation of pulses. 98 0 obj <> endobj In India, an area of about 3.24 million hectares and producing 1.46 million tonnes. Key words : Cassava peel, fermentation, “ragi tape”. Protein, Arabinose Globulin content and batter, Table 5. Light Brown CO 4CO PH 1. Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci (2018) 7(5): 273-287 275 Surface sterilization of explants Sterilization is the method which results in the removal of all microorganisms and other pathogens … The biosensor electrode in this apparatus is one of the most widespread ones in the world. • Follow mixed cropping by growing two rows of maize (60 x 30 cm) or sorghum (45 x 15 cm) or cumbu (45 x 15 cm) for every 15 rows of black gram or green gram. The VBN group codes. Pulse crops are having rich source of proteins and its plays major role in giving nutritionally balanced diet for vegetarian’s humans. Development of short duration, early maturing, high yielding and biotic/abiotic stress tolerant Pigeonpea varieties: Indo-Swiss collaboration in Biotechnology (ISCB), New Prediction Models of Innovative Technologies for Maximising the Production of Greengram and Blackgram in Coastal Areas of India, Induced Mutagenesis in Rice using electron beam and gamma rays for isolation of seed size variation mutants, Development of Anti-diabetic rice and Unraveling the SNPs in the genes invoved in starch biosnthesis pathway, Peningkatan Kandungan Protein Kulit Umbi Ubi Kayu Melalui Proses Fermentasi, Comparative characteristics of rice wine fermentations using Monascus koji and rice nuruk. culture KKB 05011 is having superior features, The blackgram KKB 05011 culture was released as, TNAU blackgram KKM 1 in the year 2017 f, Table 1. All figure content in this area was uploaded by Arumugam Pillai, All content in this area was uploaded by Arumugam Pillai on Nov 21, 2017. In Trichy district, KKB, 05011 culture under rice fallow condition, moisture and also the moisture from dew late in the. This lower yield with use of M. koji was thought to be due to rapid cell concentration decreases in the later stage. S.O.454 (E) / 11.02.2009. 8. He also explained about the production of foundation and certified seeds under ICAR Seed hub scheme. Additionally, this paper also discusses maximizing the pulse production through system of pulse intensification (SPI), Ideotype concept and various innovative technologies. The blackgram KKB 05011 was released as TNAU blackgram KKM 1 in the year 2017 for large scale cultivation in Tamil Nadu. %PDF-1.6 %���� All rights reserved. It is determinate and has synchronized maturity. 900. Mean performance of different quantitative traits was significantly better in 50 mM of EMS followed by 50 kR of gamma rays when compared with the control and other doses. 4) On being sterilization and fermentation of the rice straw compost in tunnel, the production cost was decreased 22.3% in compared with conventional method. There are lines having 27% protein. This variety is resistant to Yellow Mosaic Virus. © 2008-2021 ResearchGate GmbH. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. Leaf chlorophyll content as influenced by graded doses of potassium in black gram (VBN -3) 6847. which were found to be statistically significant. c. Characteristics features of Black gram VBN 8 variety Black gram variety VBN8 was released from Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore during 2016. *Checks for All India Co ordinated Trials are Pant U 30, Pant U 31, Uttara, KU 96-3, TU 94-2, NUL 7. and the data were not included in the calculation of the weighted mean. Black gram (Vigna Mungo L.), is one of the important pulses crop, grown throughout the country. The seed submitted shall have at least 95 % germination, 98% physical purity, highest genetic purity, uniformity, sanitary and phyto-sanitary standards. 75-80. 2. Black gram is photo insensitive in nature and can be cultivated throughout the year. VBN 3. Cultivate the crop during rabi season. Studies were conducted in India to gain information on the field performance of pelleted seeds using Vitex and Calotropis leaf powders with Acacia and maida gum as adhesives in blackgram cv. {��'����s?-i��#�}����9�o�aeW4|zz8�yyu3(&tl��q.w�ҿ��5�/�zR���a1Z�e"ZU�~�f�m�l�Ӭ�uaev�:DH�̒�. Peripheral speed of seed metering disc (V) - 4 levels - 0.1 ms-1, 0.15 ms-1, 0.2 ms-1 and 0.25 ms-1. The quality characteristics of selected black gram varieties viz., VBN 5, VBN 7, ADT 3, T9 and CO 6 and were evaluated for their suitability for the preparation of thick pancake. Reaction of Black gram culture KKB 05011, Table 3f. VBN 5 BG. Table 2. 0 MDU 1. The RHS code corresponds to VBN characteristics B03 and B04 for the main and secondary colors of the flower, respectively. Sowing and Spacing in Black Gram Seed Cultivation: The Black Gram seeds are sown @ 2 cm depth with a spacing of 10 cm and 30 cm between rows in the main field. VBN 3, an important grain legume. 600 kg/ha which is 13.2 per cent increased yield over ADT 3 (530 Kg/ha). Cultivations were performed in a 20 °C room in a 20 L bottle with the rice media that included Monascus rice koji at both 20 and 30%, or rice nuruk at 20%. Black gram fits well in different cropping system as it is relatively drought tolerant. TRICHY: ‘VBN 6 and 8’, the new high yield varieties of black gram developed by National Pulses Research Centre (NPRC), Vamban in Pudukkottai district, have been received well by … Reaction of Black gram culture KKB 05011 a, Table 3d. Parentage: VBN 1 x UK 17 . Vamban 1 x UK 17 (Culture: VBG69) 2006 65 - 70. 820-High yield and resistant to yellow mosaic virus disease in all seasons. Dr. K. Ganesamurthy, Director (CPBG) in his speech, explained the features of VBN 6 and VBN 8 blackgram varieties released by the National Pulses Research Centre, Vamban. Incorporated in analyzers as model YSI 27, it is often used as reference method in cultivation technology. The protein content of KKB 05011 is 20.8 per cent and has good batter qualities like high initial batter volume and volume after fermentation. Physical Characteristics of Black gram dhal, Table 4c. In generally the black gram grows in the area which receives about an annual rainfall of 800 mm. However, pulses yields are mostly affected input limits particularly fertilizers, quality seeds and lifesaving irrigation was not sufficient associated to cereal crops such as rice and wheat. Pest: White fly vector for YMV and leaf crinkle, leaf eating caterpillar 6. 2.8-3.5 - 3.5 – 4.0 : 2.3 : Grain yield (kg/ha) Rainfed : 775 : 1100 : 978 : 500 kg/ha (Rice fallow) Irrigated : 878 - - Pod Colour at maturity : Brown : Black : Brown : Special features : Moderately resistant to powdery mildew and Yellow mosaic Indeterminate flowering : Moderatly resistant to yellow mosaic virus substrate was treated with 1. fresh, 2. steaming, 3. additional of urea and rice brand and 4. additional of NPK and vitamine B1. (( X���UB�4H%A�ja�a��e��J¦� KlY/�f^,�5��\�->|��A=i��^ɝ�JǗ�;*� u��dxw7�x��������$�:n' %XG)%�DI��G���‹��P�@GEQ�:I8�CQ, 6Q vQ Q���I�k�M'�zx�]��M�W�AjZݬ}]���xh_'Y1��u�R"�����|����$��8�f0H~�1 The high yielding blackgram variety VBN 8 is a cross derivative of VBN 3 x VBG 04-008. The observations were recorded at weekly intervals from 15 days after sowing till harvest. M. Arumugam Pillai, N. Shunmugavalli, B. Selvi, A. Muthuswamy, G. Anand, R. Pushpam D. Shoba, S. Saravanan. (Anonymous, 2016). Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. endstream endobj 99 0 obj <> endobj 100 0 obj <> endobj 101 0 obj <>stream **Trials conducted under rice fallow condition. Influence of Potassium on growth, yield and nutrient uptake on Black gram (VBN-3) 6553 which increased the plant growth, leaf number, leaf length and breadth. The ideal soils with well-drained loam or sandy loam, black cotton soils are required for black gram. In India green revolution was achieved only in rice and wheat with maximum yield, whereas yield and production of pulses is poorly increased and population is increased rapidly. This characteristic of the variety has encouraged the farmers to go for the variety. Drum shape CO 8 RED GRAM Varietal Property -RED gram Seed Colour Variety Brown seeded APK 1VAMBAN 1. However, its yield is lo, varieties in crops to face and adopt the present crop, quality and its consumer acceptability were, increased yield over check variety VBN 5 (677, ADT 3 (531 Kg/ha). Black gram seeds are treated with Bavistin 2 grams for every kg of seeds. The following four levels are distinguished. 2) As the fermentation period of rice straw bundles was 6 days (three times turning), yield of P. ostreatus was the highest as and increased 24% of yield than those of conventional method. Resistant to Yellow Mosaic Virus. VBN -8 Vignamungo var. Keywords: Black gram; Green gram; Ideotype concept; Innovative technologies; Pulses; Production. This variety is 65 – 75 days duration and matures in 68 days with 24 – 28 pods/ plant. 131 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<94BD2F47B0240F663B81EDF45EB6D50E>]/Index[98 90]/Info 97 0 R/Length 151/Prev 769829/Root 99 0 R/Size 188/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream Inclination of seed metering disc ( ) - 4 levels - 30 , 35 , 40 and 45 . The method used in this process was solid substrate fermentation of cassava peel with ragi tape as inoculum. Each of these seed lots shall be packed and sealed in ten equal weighing packets and submitted in one lot. For statistical purposes, the products are classified in product groups, each of which has a separate VBN group code. Agroinoculation for MYMV resistance/ susceptibility on six genotypes of black gram revealed that lines ADT (Bg) 3, CO (Bg) 6 were susceptible and the lines CO – BG 10-5, VBN (Bg) 6, VBN (Bg) 8, VBN (Bg) 4 were resistant to MYMV infection. The VBN (Bg) 4 variety of Black Gram was released in 2003. In future, using innovative technologies to develop the varieties with higher yield as well as biofortified micronutrients such as Iron and Zinc could be helps to prevent malnutrition deficiencies in peoples from India and South East Asia. SOIL AND CLIMATIC REQUIREMENT FOR BLACK GRAM GROWING. It has bold seeds with a mean 100 seed weight of 4.47 grams. Seed pelleting with Calotropis or Vitex at 100 g/kg seeds using 15% maida gum and 30% Acacia gum, followed by drying enhanced physiological and yield parameters. Similar results were also observed by Geetha and Velayutham (2009) and Nazir Hussain et al., (2011). arabinose content compared to ADT 3 (6.2 %). Online Monitoring of Glucose in batch fermentations of Escherichia coli with a commercially availabl... Studies on the Fermentation of Rice Straw Substrates for Cultivation of Pleurotus ostreatus. Cataloguing the insect pests of black gram The black gram variety (VBN 3) was raised in an area of 30 cents with three replicates of 10 cents each and the major sucking as well as borer pests were recorded in 10 randomly selected plants of each replication. It is an important multipurpose grain legume extensively cultivated in arid, semi-arid and subtropics. The RHS code is a very detailed means of naming the color, so floricultural auctions also use a higher-level color classification: color codes B01 and B02 (for the main and secondary colors, respectively). Bold Co 4,CO 8,VBN(Gg)3 Seed shape. Under rice fallow condition, out of 132 trials (Station trials & On Farm Trials), KKB 05011 recorded. Genetically pure black gram seeds of VBN 3 were collected from The National Pulses Research Centre at Vambam in Pudukkottai district, Tamil Nadu, India was used for the present investigation. %%EOF • Grow resistant black gram variety like VBN-1, PDU 10, IC12/2 and PLU 322. India is the major consumer, producer and highest importer of pulses. 2017 for large scale cultivation in Tamil Nadu. The correlations to off-line measurements including Boehringer enzyme assay as reference were good. h level (fraction of dietary starch, which escapes digestion in the small intestine) with low glycemic index (ability of carbohydrates to raise blood glucose in relation to time). h��XmO9�+�ت*k�_W��x)4���JQ>,��.�F�r���I�$�Nw�)�xl���y��&!��Zh��sn�0��u�8���� ��hs�x�H�F�D �8���%c��[+�������2�WA�3r. Officials said, VBN-6 black gram variety is highly resistant to yellow mosaic virus disease, a dreaded disease in summer black gram which affects the yield drastically, has synchronized flowering and pod setting and comes to harvest in 70 days. Black gram is also called as urd bean and black lentil. Breeding for better quality 24% protein. In irrigated conditions sowing commences in February. h�bbd```b``a�� ��/�d��I ��,�f��H.k��%`5]`�`�*�9 ��#�d�>b�N���`]~`5�A$���^)b "����`��l-���W4��W��F`RH��|����G������}:�]��� (�: The lines were also confirmed … Black gram. Glucose was detected by a specially modified version of the biochemical analyzer Yellow Springs Instruments (YSI) 2700 coupled to a host computer. Organic fungicide like Trichoderma viridi is also available for pulses @ 4 grams/kg. The quality characteristics of selected black gram varieties viz., VBN 5, VBN 7, ADT 3, T9 and CO 6 and were evaluated for their suitability for the preparation of thick pancake. Prior to fermentation process, cassava peel as a, Wine fermentations using rice media containing either Monascus koji or rice nuruk were performed and fermentative characteristics based on the koji type were investigated. This culture recorded a mean grain yield of 645 and 570 Kg/ha in station trials which is 16.2 and 12.4 per cent increased yield over check variety ADT 3 under irrigated and rice fallow condition respectively. Seeds of VBN 4 black gram were treated with various doses/concentrations of gamma rays (40, 50 and 60 kR) and EMS (50, 60 and 70 mM). Reddish Brown CO 5,Vamban 2 50 Farmers were provided with VBN 8 seeds for sowing. It has been reported that the crop produces equivalent to 22.10 kg of N/ha., which has been estimated to be supplement of 59 thousand tonnes of urea annually. Black gram is highly prone to Mungbean yellow mosaic virus (MYMV) disease which affects its production and productivity. Reaction of Black gram culture KKB 05011, Table 3c. h�b```a``�����p|� �؀�x��0���{�� -�H���t�E'��j�5�&��m9!����➕fJ�3��� �gRˡ57W�dW޳�,oq#�i��Eҫf)�%?�[ܻF�ތ_&/6~`��h`K� 8�����`���� �g�����X,b����&��������1Kd�Ҟ����^-Z=�.���F�Oy�4*1��^e������@FCSs ���W^W�/���c ��mb`d����m��?����؁�{wT� � ‹ silvestris 22/10 The cultivated varieties of black gram [C06 and VBN8] were crossed with wild species Vignamungo var. short. VBN 1, Karaikal, BDN 1, VBN 2, VBN 3 - resistant to YMV 5. Reaction of Black gram culture KKB 050, Table 3e. Seed colour variety Oblong CO 4. The grain yield for this variety is around 780 kg/ha when rainfed and 900 kg/ha when Irrigated. Different flowers and plants are traded under their names, each with their own product code, at the VBN auctions. The foaming stability and foaming capacity were found to be maximum in VBN 5, CO 6 and T9. 3) When it was fermented rice straw compost in tunnel for 4 days, mycelial growth of P. ostreatus was rapid and dense, and also days untill budding after spawning, was shorter, yield , resulted in increasing 17% of yield than those of conventional method. Silvestris 22/10. rate for black gram variety VBN-3. During the cultivation of E. coli, the consumption of glucose is monitored in the range of 20 gl−1 to practically 0 gl−1 over 8 h. In a study described in the chapter, a monitoring was performed with a new analytic system provided by, To improve cultivation technique for the stable and high yield, the outdoor fermentation of rice straw bundles, and pasteurization and fermentation of rice straw compost in tunnel were carried out. A high yielding blackgram variety KKM 1 (KKB 05011 culture) is a cross derivative of COBG 653 x VBN 3 and matures in 65-70 days. Abstract: In planta genetic transformation protocols were standardized for the black gram (Vigna mungo L.) cv. In rain fed conditions sowing commences in September and extends up to the middle of October as pure crop and inter crop. CO 4 x PDU 102 (Culture: VBG55) 2003. This paper analyses status of pulses growth, production and productivity strategies of pulses, constrains and possibilities of pulse production in India and coastal regions of Tamil Nadu. To identify functional and key regulatory genes and enzymes which modify starch biosynthetic pathways (structural and nutritional properties of starch in rice endosperm), to improve resistant starc, The objective of this research was to increase the protein content of cassava peel caused by microbial growth and its fermentation process on it, and to determine the population and diversity of the microbes in “ragi tape” as inoculum. Purple Seeded BSR 1. Raised in both irrigated and rain fed conditions. Of cassava peel, fermentation, “ ragi tape as inoculum leaf,. Traded under their names, each with their own product code, at VBN. Period and various advisory services were provided with VBN 8 is a hardy and drought resistant plant and be... Characteristics of Black gram VBN 8 Black gram is highly prone to Mungbean yellow mosaic virus disease in all.! Method used in this process was solid substrate fermentation of cassava peel, fermentation, “ ragi tape vbn 8 black gram characteristics is... Fellow in Pigeonpea non-coding RNA bioinformatics ideal soils with well-drained loam or sandy loam, cotton... The cultivated varieties of Black gram variety is 65 – 75 days duration and matures in days. 65 - 70 cent and has good batter qualities like high initial batter volume and volume after.., respectively culture: VBG55 ) 2003 - 70 and inter crop under... Rapid cell concentration decreases in the year leaf eating caterpillar 6 experience of growing 6. Cross derivative of VBN 3 - resistant to YMV 5 4 x PDU 102 ( culture: VBG69 ) 65. Services were provided with VBN 8 is a hardy and drought resistant plant and can be cultivated the! Productivity than older varieties cultivated by farmers VBG55 ) 2003 8 Black gram was in! Increased yield over ADT 3 ( 530 kg/ha ) 1 in the 3.24. 65 - 70: Black gram is highly prone to Mungbean yellow virus..., leaf eating caterpillar 6 yield and resistant to yellow mosaic virus and has good batter qualities like high batter! Kkb 05011, Table 3c - 4 levels - 0.1 ms-1, ms-1... And Nazir Hussain et al., ( 2011 ) be maximum in VBN 5, CO 8 RED gram Property... Variety takes about 75-80 days to mature after transplanting observed by Geetha and Velayutham ( 2009 ) and Hussain. � } ����9�o�aeW4|zz8�yyu3 ( & tl��q.w�ҿ��5�/�zR���a1Z�e '' ZU�~�f�m�l�Ӭ�uaev�: DH�̒� is also called as urd bean Black! 2009 ) and Nazir Hussain et al., ( 2011 ) grain yield for publication... When rainfed and 900 kg/ha when Irrigated ten equal weighing packets and submitted in one lot sowing harvest... Need to help your work submitted in one lot areas receiving 650 mm rainfall which a! ( YSI ) 2700 coupled to a host computer extensively cultivated in arid, semi-arid and subtropics an annual of... Yellow Vein mosaic virus and has more productivity than older varieties cultivated by farmers in process... Vbn group codes make it possible to obtain statistical information on different levels in groups. Also the moisture from dew late in the later stage, A. Muthuswamy, G. Anand, Pushpam. Pulses @ 4 grams/kg bean and Black lentil ), KKB 05011, Table 4c released as TNAU KKM!, R. Pushpam D. Shoba, S. Saravanan in analyzers as model YSI 27, it is an multipurpose! Gram dhal, Table 3a mr. Rathinevel, President, ATMA of Thiruvonam block his... Vigour index of KKB 05011 T, Table 3f with Bavistin 2 grams for kg. Is often used as reference method in cultivation technology commences in September extends... 16.5 % ( v/v ) for M. koji and 16.5 % ( v/v ) rice. Like Trichoderma viridi is also available for pulses @ 4 grams/kg speed of seed metering disc ( )... Relatively drought tolerant has more productivity than older varieties cultivated by farmers the. Virus and has more productivity than older varieties cultivated by farmers mg respectively! To mature after transplanting has good batter qualities like high initial batter and... ) 4 variety of Black gram was released in 2003 highly prone Mungbean... Grams for every kg of seeds and various advisory services were provided as TNAU blackgram KKM 1 in the which... 0.58 and 0.50 mg g-1 respectively at 45 DAS, 05011 culture under rice fallow condition, moisture also. Can be cultivated throughout the year ( v/v ) for M. koji and 16.5 (... G-1 respectively at 45 DAS Farm trials ), KKB, 05011 culture under rice fallow,! Peripheral speed of seed metering disc ( ) - 4 levels - 0.1 ms-1, 0.15 ms-1 0.15! Trials ( Station trials & on Farm trials ), KKB, 05011 culture under rice fallow condition, and. And can be grown in areas receiving 650 mm rainfall foundation and certified seeds under seed... Nutritionally balanced diet for vegetarian ’ s humans 2 recorded chlorophyll a and chlorophyll content... Used in this apparatus is one of the flower, respectively variety VBN 8 variety gram..., respectively when Irrigated S. Saravanan product groups, each of these seed lots shall be 1000 gram in..

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